Literature

A

Abutsuni (阿仏尼) - Abutsuni (1222 ? - May 13, 1283) was a female waka (traditional Japanese poem of thirty-one syllables) poet in the mid Kamakura period.

Agata no INUKAI no Michiyo (県犬養三千代) - Agata no INUKAI no Michiyo (665? - January 11, 733 (old lunar calendar) (February 4, 733)) was a court lady during the early Nara Period.

Agemaki (Genji Monogatari (The Tale of Genji)) (総角 (源氏物語)) - Agemaki is the name of one of the fifty-four chapters of "Genji Monogatari."

Akashi (The Tale of Genji) (明石 (源氏物語)) - Akashi is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Akashi no himegimi (明石の姫君) - Akashi no himegimi (literally, princess of Akashi) is a character in "Genji Monogatari" (The Tale of Genji), a novel written by Murasaki Shikibu.

Akazome Emon (赤染衛門) - Akazome Emon (approximately 956 - after 1041) was a nyobo (court lady) and a waka poet in the Heian period.

Aki no Yonaga Monogatari (Tales of Long Autumn Nights) (秋夜長物語) - "Aki no Yonaga Monogatari" is a representative chigo monogatari (tales of chigo, or page), about male homosexuality between priests and chigo.

Akikonomu Chugu (秋好中宮) - Akikonomu Chugu is a fictional character who appears in Murasaki Shikibu's novel "Genji Monogatari" (The Tale of Genji).

Ama no Iwato (Cave of Heaven) (天岩戸) - The term, "Ama no iwato" refers to a rock cave that appears in Japanese mythology.

Amanohabaya (天羽々矢) - Amanohabaya is an arrow described in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters), "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) and mythology.

Amenosakahoko (天逆鉾) - Amenosakahoko (also pronounced as Amanosakahoko) is a kind of halberd (hoko) which appears in the myths of medieval Japan.

An Inquiry Into the Good (善の研究) - "An Inquiry Into the Good" is a book of philosophy written by Japanese philosopher Kitaro NISHIDA.

Angen onga no nikki (安元御賀日記) - Angen onga no nikki is a diary in which the celebration of Emperor Goshirakawa's 50th birthday was recorded by FUJIWARA no Takafusa, a waka poet who lived in the Heian period.

Anpo (安法) - Anpo (dates of birth and death unknown) was a priest and a poet who lived during the mid-Heian period.

ANRAKUAN Sakuden (安楽庵策伝) - Sakuden ANRAKUAN (1554 - February 7, 1642) was a Jodo (Pure Land) sect monk who lived from the Azuchi-Momoyama period into the beginning of the Edo period.

Aobyoshi-bon (Blue Book) Manuscripts (青表紙本) - Among the manuscripts of The Tale of Genji, Aobyoshi-bon (Blue Book) manuscripts designate the ones which seem to have been transcribed by FUJIWARA no Teika, and also the ones which are said to have been transcribed from Teika's manuscript.

Aoi (Hollyhock) (The Tale of Genji) (葵 (源氏物語)) - Aoi (Hollyhock) is the title of one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Aoi no Ue (葵上) - "Aoi no Ue" is a work of nogaku (the art of Noh) which is based on the chapter of 'Aoi' (Hollyhock) in "The Tale of Genji."

Arima no miko (Prince Arima) (有間皇子) - Arima no miko (640 - December 13, 658) was a prince of Emperor Kotoku.

ARIWARA no Motokata (在原元方) - ARIWARA no Motokata (year of birth and death unknown) was a waka poet in the Heian period.

ARIWARA no Muneyana (在原棟梁) - ARIWARA no Muneyana (year of birth unknown - 898) was a waka poet in the early Heian period.

ARIWARA no Shigeharu (在原滋春) - ARIWARA no Shigeharu (dates of birth and death unknown) was a poet who lived during the first half of the Heian Period.

Asagao (The Tale of Genji) (朝顔 (源氏物語)) - Asagao (The Morning Glory) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Ashihara no nakatsukuni (葦原中国) (葦原中国) - Ashihara no nakatsukuni is a world which exists between Takamanohara (plain of high heaven) and Yomi (world after death), that is, Japanese soil.

Ashihara no Nakatsukuni heitei (pacification of the Central Land of Reed Plains) (葦原中国平定) - Ashihara no Nakatsukuni heitei is a narrative of the Japanese mythology, in which Amatsu kami (god of heaven) was given Ashihara no nakatsukuni by Kunitsu kami (god of the land).

Asukai family (飛鳥井家) - The Asukai is a branch family of the Nanba family in the FUJIWARA no Morozane line of the Northern House of the Fujiwara clan.

ASUKAI Masatsune (飛鳥井雅庸) - Masatsune ASUKAI (November 28, 1569 - February 9, 1616) was a court noble and waka poet who lived through the turmoil of the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) and into the beginning of the Edo period.

Atago Hyakuin (a linked verse of Mitsuhide AKECHI and others) (愛宕百韻) - Atago Hyakuin was a linked verse known as Renga, which was composed by Mitsuhide AKECHI and others at Mt. Atago in Kyoto immediately before his coup, the Honnoji Incident.

Azuma Kagami (吾妻鏡) - "Azuma Kagami" is a history book completed in the Japanese medieval times, or the Kamakura period.

Azumaya (東屋) - Azumaya is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

B

Baishoron (梅松論) - Baishoron is a Japanese war tale and a history of the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan) as great as the Taiheiki.

Banana type Myth (バナナ型神話) - Banana type myths are myths regarding the origin of death and the short life span of humans which are found in many countries and regions, mainly in southeast Asia and New Guinea.

Beppon (別本) - Beppon

Betsuri (Collection of Poems of Bokusui WAKAYAMA) (別離 (若山牧水の歌集)) - Betsuri is a collection of poems written by Bokusui WAKAYAMA.

Big Four of the Kyoto School (京都学派四天王) - The Big Four of the Kyoto school refers to the following four scholars who belonged to the Kyoto School: Masaaki KOSAKA, Keiji NISHITANI, Iwao KOYAMA and Shigetaka SUZUKI.

Bunka Shureishu (文華秀麗集) - Bunka Shureishu is a Chokusen Kanshishu (a collection of Chinese verses compiled by Imperial command) compiled at the command of Emperor Saga in 818 during the early Heian period.

Bussokusekika (the Buddha's Footprint Poems at the Yakushiji-temple in Nara) (仏足石歌) - Bussokusekika is a name given to a waka (Japanese poetry) based on its contents and format, and is also referred to as Bussokuseki no uta (the Buddha's Footprint Poems).

C

Chanoyu Ichie Shu (Collection on the Oneness of Chanoyu) (茶湯一会集) - "Chanoyu Ichie Shu (Collection on the Oneness of Chanoyu)" is a book on tea ceremony written by Naosuke II (title in tea ceremony: Sokan), the lord of the Hikone Domain in the end of the Edo Period.

Characters in the Tale of Genji (源氏物語の登場人物) - The list of characters in the Tale of Genji is the list of fictional characters appearing in the story.

CHIKAMATSU Monzaemon (近松門左衛門) - Monzaemon CHIKAMATSU (1653 - January 6, 1725) was a kabuki and joruri (ballad drama) playwright who wrote many great works during the Genroku era in the early Edo period.

Chikamoto Nikki (Chikamoto's Diary) (親元日記) - Chikamoto Nikki is the diary of Chikamoto NINAGAWA (Shinuemon no Jo), who was the deputy steward of the office of administration in the Muromachi Period.

Chikanaga-kyo ki (The Diary of Chikanaga KANROJI) (親長卿記) - Chikanaga-kyo ki is the diary of Chikanaga KANROJI, a court noble in the late Muromachi period.

Chinese classical literature (漢文学) - Chinese classical literature is a general term for the works written in Chinese (classical Chinese) and the study of these classics.

Chogetsu (澄月) - Chogetsu (1714-June 15, 1798) was a mid-Edo period monk and poet.

Choka (long epic song) (長歌) - Choka is a form of waka (Japanese poem).

Chokusen Wakashu (勅撰和歌集) - The term "chokusen wakashu" represents an anthology of Japanese poetry complied under order of an emperor or a retired emperor.

Chokusenshu (勅撰集) - Chokusenshu is an anthology collected by Imperial command, or a book which was designated as an official writing among the ones written by the Emperor.

Choshueiso (長秋詠藻) - Choshueiso is a private poetry collection of FUJIWARA no Toshinari.

Chronicle of the Later Three Years War in Oshu (奥州後三年記) - Oshu Gosannen Ki (A Chronicle of the Later Three Years War in Oshu) describes the war which was called 'Gosannen no Eki' (The Later Three Years War) or 'MINAMOTO no Yoshiie war' that occurred from 1083 (latter part of the Heian period) to 1088 in the Mutsu and Dewa provinces.

Chuyuki (中右記) - Chuyuki is a diary written by FUJIWARA no Munetada, Nakamikado Udaijin (Minister of the Right), for over 50 years from 1087 to 1138.

Classics Day (古典の日) - Classics Day, on November 1, refers to an anniversary to publicly honor Japanese classical literature.

Collection of Tales of Times Now Past (今昔物語集) - The Collection of Tales of Times Now Past (Konjaku Monogatari Shu) is a collection of setsuwa (anecdotes).

D

Dai Nihon Yashi (Unofficial History of Japan) (大日本野史) - Dai Nihon Yashi is a Japanese history book written in a style of biographical historiography, and covers the 21 Emperors' reigns from Emperor Gokomatsu (Meitoku era) to Emperor Ninko.

Daini no Sanmi (大弐三位) - Daini no Sanmi (ca. 999-ca. 1082) was a female poet who lived during the mid-Heian period.

Dan no Ura Yoru no Kassenki (壇ノ浦夜合戦記) - Dan no Ura Yoru no Kassenki is the title of a Japanese classic pornographic novel.

Danrin-ha (Danrin school of haiku) (談林派) - Danrin-ha was a shool of Haikai (seventeen-syllable verse) in the Edo period, which flourished under Soin NISHIYAMA.

Dewa no ben (出羽弁) - Dewa no ben (around 1007? - date of death unknown) was a female waka poet in the mid Heian period.

Diary of Sanukinosuke (讃岐典侍日記) - Sanukinosuke Nikki (The Diary of Sanukinosuke) is a piece of literature in the form of a diary, written by Sanuki no suke (her court name) FUJIWARA no Nagako during the late Heian period.

Doka (literally, poetry on the way) (道歌) - In contrast to tanka poetry as art, doka refers to tanka (31 syllables' poem) or waka (Japanese poem) that includes Buddhist teachings or that Zen monks composed to make study and spiritual enlightenment easier to understand.

Domyo (道命) - Domyo (974-July 26, 1020) was a priest and poet in the mid-Heian period.

E

Eawase (絵合) - Eawase (A Picture Contest) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Egyo (恵慶) - Egyo (the year of birth and death unknown) was a Japanese monk and a poet who lived during the mid-Heian period.

Eiga Monogatari (栄花物語) - "Eiga Monogatari (A Tale of Flowering Fortunes)" is a classic work of the Heian period.

Eikyoki (永享記) - "Eikyoki" is an account of war that covers the incidents ranging from the Eikyo War and Yuki War in the Muromachi period to the political circumstances in Togoku (the eastern part of Japan, particularly Kanto region).

Eiri Genji monogatari (絵入源氏物語) - Eiri Genji monogatari (Illustrated Tale of Genji) is a printed book of The Tale of Genji which was published during the Edo period.

Emperor Kiritsubo (桐壺帝) - Emperor Kiritsubo/Kiritsubo-in is the first Emperor in "The Tale of Genji" (the period of reign: from the chapter of 'Kiritsubo' [The Paulownia Court] to 'Hana no En' [The Festival of the Cherry Blossoms]).

Emperor Reizei (冷泉帝) - Emperor Reizei/Reizei-in is the third Emperor in "The Tale of Genji" (period of reign: 'Miotsukushi' (Channel Buoys) to the second volume of 'Wakana' (Spring Shoots), the 18 years of his reign were the golden days of Hikaru Genji).

Emperor Suzaku (朱雀帝) - Emperor Suzaku (Suzaku no Mikado), or Suzakuin, is the second emperor in "The Tale of Genji" (the period of his reign, the chapter of 'Aoi' (Hollyhock) to 'Miotsukushi' (Channel Buoys)).

Engo (縁語) - Engo (verbal association) is a rhetorical technique in waka poetry, where two or more semantically associated words are used in a poem to express one's sentiments.

Enkei Ryokyo Sochinjo (Petition by Two Nobles of the Enkei Era) (延慶両卿訴陳状) - Enkei Ryokyo Sochinjo (The Petition by Two Nobles of the Enkei Era) records Tameyo NIJO's petition against the nomination of Tamekane KYOGOKU, in 1311, as the selector of an imperial anthology of waka poems, Tamekane's subsequent petition against the Tamayo's appeal, and this latter's further rebuttal against the former.

Entairyaku (園太暦) - Entairyaku is a diary of Kinkata TOIN, a court noble called 'Nakazono Dajodaijin' (Grand Minister) in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan).

Essence of Novels (小説神髄) - "Essence of Novels" is a literary critique by Shoyo TSUBOUCHI.

F

Five Line Poems (五行歌) - Gogyoka (Five Line Poems, 五行歌) is a new type of poetry which utilizes ancient ballads and Waka (thirty-one-syllable poems) included in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihon Shoki" (The Chronicles of Japan) and is revived in modern times as prototypes of Japanese poetry.

Folding Screen of Pine Trees (松林図屏風) - "Pine Trees" is an ink painting on a pair of six-folded screens, and Tohaku HASEGAWA's best known work.

Four Heavenly Kings of Waka (和歌四天王) - The Four Heavenly Kings of Waka is the title to praise excellent poets of waka (Japanese poetry).

Fuga Wakashu (風雅和歌集) - Fuga Wakashu is the seventeenth Imperial anthology.

Fuji no uraba (Wisteria Leaves) (藤裏葉) - Fuji no uraba is one of the 54 chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Fujibakama (Thoroughwort Flowers) (藤袴) - Fujibakama is one of the 54 chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Fujitsubo (藤壺) - Fujitsubo is the name created for a fictional empress who appears in the story and whose real name is unknown.

FUJIWARA no Akisuke (藤原顕輔) - FUJIWARA no Akisuke (1090 - June 8, 1155) was a court noble and poet in the late Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Asatada (藤原朝忠) - FUJIWARA no Asatada (910 - January 19, 967) was a court noble and poet in the mid-Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Atsutada (藤原敦忠) - FUJIWARA no Atsutada (906 - April 18, 943) was a court noble and poet in the mid-Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Atsuyori (藤原敦頼) - FUJIWARA no Atsuyori (1090 - ca. 1182) was a court noble and poet in the late Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Kanesuke (藤原兼輔) - FUJIWARA no Kanesuke (877 - March 21, 933) was a mid-Heian period court noble and poet.

FUJIWARA no Kinto (藤原公任) - FUJIWARA no Kinto (966 - February 4, 1041) was a court noble and poet of the mid-Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Kinzane (藤原公実) - FUJIWARA no Kinzane (1053 - December 29, 1107) was a court noble and poet of Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Kiyosuke (藤原清輔) - FUJIWARA no Kiyosuke (1104 - July 17, 1177) was a court noble and poet at the end of the Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Kiyotada (藤原清正) - FUJIWARA no Kiyotada (date of birth unknown - July, 958) was a court noble and a poet who lived during the mid-Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Kusumaro (藤原訓儒麻呂) - FUJIWARA no Kusumaro (year of birth unknown - October 14, 764) was a court noble during the Nara period.

FUJIWARA no Maro (藤原麻呂) - FUJIWARA no Maro (695 - August 17, 737) was a court noble who lived during the Nara period.

FUJIWARA no Michinobu (藤原道信) - FUJIWARA no Michinobu (972-August 25, 994) was a court noble and a poet who lived during the mid-Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Michitoshi (藤原通俊) - FUJIWARA no Michitoshi (1047 - September 9, 1099) was a court noble as well as a waka poet in the late Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Mototoshi (藤原基俊) - FUJIWARA no Mototoshi (1060-Feburary 20, 1142) was a court noble and poet of the late Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Motozane (藤原元真) - FUJIWARA no Motozane (date of birth and death unknown) was a kajin (waka poet) in the mid-Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Munetada (藤原宗忠) - FUJIWARA no Munetada (1062-May 27, 1141) was a Heian-period court noble.

FUJIWARA no Nagaie (藤原長家) - FUJIWARA no Nagaie (October 2, 1005 - December 25, 1064) was a court noble and a kajin (waka poet) in the end of the Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Nagakata (藤原長方) - FUJIWARA no Nagakata (1139 - April 12, 1191) was a court noble and a kajin (waka poet) in the end of the Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Nagako (藤原長子) - FUJIWARA no Nagako (c. 1079 - year of death not known) was a female waka poet in the late Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Nagato (藤原長能) - FUJIWARA no Nagato (949 - c. 1009) was a waka poet in the mid-Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Nakafumi (藤原仲文) - FUJIWARA no Nakafumi (923 to 992) was a kajin (waka poet) in the mid-Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Okikaze (藤原興風) - FUJIWARA no Okikaze (year of birth and death unknown) was a Japanese noble and poet of the Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Sadakata (藤原定方) - FUJIWARA no Sadakata (873 - September 11, 932) was a court noble and poet who lived from the beginning through the middle of the Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Sadayori (藤原定頼) - FUJIWARA no Sadayori (995 - February 8, 1045) was a court noble and poet in the mid-Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Sanekata (藤原実方) - FUJIWARA no Sanekata (birth date is unknown and died January 7, 999) was a mid-Heian period court noble and poet.

FUJIWARA no Tadahira (藤原忠平) - FUJIWARA no Tadahira (880 - September 14, 949) was a court noble of the Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Takamitsu (藤原高光) - FUJIWARA no Takamitsu (c. 939 - 994) was a Japanese poet of the mid-Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Takato (藤原高遠) - FUJIWARA no Takato (949 - June 22, 1013) was a waka poet in the mid-Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Yoshitaka (藤原義孝) - FUJIWARA no Yoshitaka (954 - November 8, 974) was a court noble and poet in the mid-Heian period.

FUKAKUSA no Shosho (Major General) (深草少将) - FUKAKUSA no Shosho is a character who appears in a legend about ONO no Komachi, 'Coming-and-going in a Hundred Nights,' which was created by Noh authors such as Zeami during the Muromachi period.

Fukurozoshi (a treatise on waka [a traditional Japanese poem of 31 syllables] written by FUJIWARA no Kiyosuke) (袋草紙) - Fukurozoshi is a treatise on waka poetry written during the Hogen era (1156 - 1159) in late Heian period by FUJIWARA no Kiyosuke, who was a court noble and a poet in a linage of the Rokujo family.

FUNYA no Asayasu (文屋朝康) - FUNYA no Asayasu (dates of birth and death unknown) was a Japanese poet of the mid-Heian period.

FUNYA no Yasuhide (文屋康秀) - FUNYA no Yasuhide (year of birth unknown - c. 885) was a waka poet in the early Heian period and one of Rokkasen (six best waka poets) and the 36 Immortal Poets.

Fushikaden (Flowering spirit) (風姿花伝) - Fushikaden is a treatise on Noh (traditional masked dance-drama) written by Zeami.

Fuso Ryakki (A Brief History of Japan) (扶桑略記) - Fuso Ryakki is a history book privately selected in the Heian period.

FUTABATEI Shimei (二葉亭四迷) - FUTABATEI Shimei (April 4, 1864- May 10, 1909) was a Japanese novelist and translator.

Futon (Japanese bedding) (novel) (蒲団 (小説)) - "Futon" is a short novel which was written by Katai TAYAMA.

Futsunomitama (布都御魂) - Futsunomitama is a divine sword described in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) and mythology.

Fuyo Wakashu (風葉和歌集) - Fuyo Wakashu is a collection of waka (Japanese poems) based on fictional stories in the mid Kamakura Period.

G

Gen no Naishinosuke (源典侍) - Gen no Naishinosuke is a nickname for a character in "The Tale of Genji."

General Theory of the Novel (小説総論) - "General Theory of the Novel" is the literary criticism by FUTABATEI Shimei.

Genji monogatari taisei (源氏物語大成) - Genji monogatari taisei (Comprehensive Study of The Tale of Genji) is a study of The Tale of Genji written and compiled by Kikan IKEDA, and it mainly dealt with the differences among the various versions of text.

Genji Monogatari Toshidate (Chronologies) (源氏物語年立) - The "Genji monogatari toshidate," also known as the "Genji monogatari toshidachi," chronologically organize the events in the world of the Tale of Genji on the basis of the age of the main character (Hikaru Genji in the first and the second part and Kaoru in the third part).

Genji Shaku (源氏釈) - The Genji Shaku is a commentary on "The Tale of Genji."

Gesaku (literary work of a playful, mocking, joking, silly or frivolous nature) (戯作) - Gesaku is a general term for yomimono (reading) that had flourished in Edo since the late early-modern times, or around the latter half of the 18th century.

Gikeiki (義経記) - The "Gikeiki" is a war chronicle focused mainly on MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune and his retainers, and is believed to have been created either during the Nanbokucho period (Japan's period of Northern and Southern Courts) or at the beginning of the Muromachi period.

Giretsu Kaiten Hyakushu (義烈回天百首) - Giretsu Kaiten Hyakushu is a collection of waka (Japanese poems) of patriot samurai in the end of Edo period, published in September 1874.

Giten Gensho (義天玄詔) - Giten Gensho (1393-April 17, 1462) was a priest of the Rinzai Sect of Buddhism in the mid-Muromachi period.

Go-Nijo Moromichi-ki (The Diary of Fujiwara Moromichi) (後二条師通記) - Go-Nijo Moromichi-ki (The Diary of Fujiwara Moromichi) is a diary written by FUJIWARA no Moromichi, who was active during the late Heian period.

Gobancho Yugiriro (Evening mist Tower of the Fifth Town, a novel) (五番町夕霧楼) - "Gobancho Yugiriro" (A House in the Quarter) is a representative work of Tsutomu MIZUKAMI, based on arson of Kinkaku-ji Temple in 1950 and the author's experience.

Godai Teio Monogatari (Stories of Five Reigns and Their Emperors) (五代帝王物語) - Godai Teio Monogatari is a historical tale which was written in the late Kamakura period and arranged in chronological order.

Godansho (The Oe Conversations) (江談抄) - "Godansho," written as 江談抄 in Japanese, is a collection of narratives from the Insei period (during the period of the government by the retired Emperor).

Gonki (権記) - "Gonki" is a diary of FUJIWARA no Yukinari, who lived during the middle of the Heian period.

Gosenwakashu (Later Collection of Japanese Poetry) (後撰和歌集) - Gosenwakashu is the second imperial waka (Japanese poetry) collection compiled in response to a command issued by Emperor Murakami.

Goshui Wakashu (Later Collection of Gleanings of Japanese Poetry) (後拾遺和歌集) - Goshui Wakashu is the fourth Chokusen Wakashu (anthology of Japanese poetry compiled by Imperial command) of the Hachidaishu (the eight Imperial anthologies of Japanese poetry), and it came out after "Shui Wakashu" (Collection of Gleanings of Japanese Poetry).

Gunki Monogatari (martial tales) (軍記物語) - Gunki monogatari (martial tales) refers to literary works written during the Kamakura and Muromachi periods whose subjects are taken from historical battles.

Gunki-mono (Military Tales) (軍記物) - Gunki-mono refers to the writings which were composed from the end of mediaeval times to the beginning of pre-modern times and which describe the heroic exploits of military commanders or the families of feudal lords.

Gusai (the Renga master) (救済 (連歌師)) - Gusai (also known as Kyusei or Kyuzei, 1283 - 1376) was a non-courtier Renga (linked verse) master who lived from the end of the Kamakura period into the Northern and Southern Court period.

Gyohen (行遍) - Gyohen (year of birth and death unknown) was shaso (shrine priest) of Kumano-hayatama-taisha Shrine who did very splendid work from the late Heian period to the early Kamakura period.

Gyokuyo (玉葉) - "Gyokuyo" is a diary of Kanezane KUJO, who was Kanpaku (chief adviser to the Emperor) and Daijo-daijin (Grand minister of state).

Gyokuyo wakashu (Collection of Jeweled Leaves) (玉葉和歌集) - Gyokuyo wakashu is an imperial anthology from the Kamakura period.

Gyosei (御製) - Gyosei refers to documents (aside from decrees), poems and paintings that have been personally written or created by emperors or royal family members.

H

Hahakigi (broom tree) (帚木) - Hahakigi is:

Hahakigi (The Tale of Genji) (帚木 (源氏物語)) - Hahakigi (The Broom Tree) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Haikai (seventeen-syllable verse) (俳諧) - Haikai is a form of Japanese literature (or a work of haikai) that generally flourished during the Edo period.

Haiku (俳句) - Haiku is Japanese poetry structured in the set form of 5-7-5 syllables.

Hakai (Novel) (破戒 (小説)) - "Hakai" (The Broken Commandment) is a full-length novel by Toson SHIMAZAKI.

Hamamatsu Chunagon Monogatari (The Tale of Hamamatsu Chunagon) (浜松中納言物語) - Hamamatsu Chunagon Monogatari is a tale reportedly written by SUGAWARA no Takasue's daughter, who also wrote "Sarashina Nikki" (Sarashina Diary).

Hana no En (花宴) - Hana no En (The Festival of the Cherry Blossoms) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Hanachirusato (花散里) - Hanachirusato is

Hanafubuki (花吹雪) - Hanafubuki is the state in which flower petals are falling like a snowstorm.

Hanazono Tenno Shinki (The Records of Emperor Hanazono) (花園天皇宸記) - Hanazono Tenno Shinki is a diary of Emperor Hanazono.

Harima no Inabi no Oiratsume (播磨稲日大郎姫) - Harima no Inabi no Oiratsume (year of birth unknown - June 25, 122) was the empress to the twelfth Emperor Keiko who was described in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters), "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan), and "Harimanokuni Fudoki" (records of the culture and geography of the Harima Province).

Haru no Hi (Spring Days, a haikai [17-syllable verse] collection) (春の日 (俳諧撰集)) - "Haru no Hi" (Spring Days) is a haikai collection.

HARUMICHI no Tsuraki (春道列樹) - HARUMICHI no Tsuraki (date of birth unknown - 920) was a Japanese poet of the mid-Heian period.

Hashihime (The Tale of Genji) (橋姫 (源氏物語)) - Hashihime is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Hatsune (The Tale of Genji) (初音 (源氏物語)) - Hatsune (The First Warbler) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

HAYANO Hajin (早野巴人) - Hajin HAYANO (1676 - July 7, 1742) was a poet of haiku (a Japanese poem in 17 syllables having a 5-7-5 syllabic form and traditionally containing a reference to the seasons) who lived during the Edo period.

Heibon (Mediocrity) (novel) (平凡 (小説)) - Heibon is a fiction written by FUTABATEI Shimei.

Heihan ki (兵範記) - Heihan ki (or Hyohan ki) is a diary written by TAIRA no Nobunori who was a court noble in the Heian period.

Heiji Monogatari (The Tale of Heiji) (平治物語) - "Heiji Monogatari" is a war chronicle concerning the Heiji War.

Heike Monogatari (The tale of the Heike) (平家物語) - "Heike Monogatari" is a war chronicle which deals with the prosperity and downfall of the Taira family, and seems to have been completed during the Kamakura period.

Heikoki (平戸記) - Heikoki is a diary of Shonii (Senior Second Rank) Minbukyo (Minister of Popular Affairs) TAIRA no Tsunetaka.

Hikaru Genji (光源氏) - Hikaru Genji is a main character in "Genji Monogatari" (The Tale of Genji), written by Murasaki Shikibu.

Himetataraisuzuhime (ヒメタタライスズヒメ) - Himetataraisuzuhime was the empress of Emperor Jinmu.

Historical Tale (歴史物語) - In Japanese literature, the term "Historical Tale" refers to the works based on real historical events and written in the style of a narrative.

History of Classical Japanese Literature (日本の中古文学史) - Classical Japanese literature (Chuko Bungaku) refers to literature written in the Chuko (middle-older) era of Japanese history, especially that of the Heian period.

History of Medieval Japanese Literature (日本の中世文学史) - The history of medieval Japanese literature covers the history of literary works written approximately from the Kamakura to the Azuchi-Momoyama Periods.

Hitakami no kuni (日高見国) - Hitakami no kuni is a province ruled by Emishi (a group of people) as a local sphere of influence, which was located in the present-day Tohoku region (the Kitakami-gawa River basin in Iwate Prefecture) and described in "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Hobutsu shu (A Collection of Treasures) (宝物集) - Hobutsu shu is a Buddhist setsuwa (anecdotes) collection from the end of the Heian period.

Hogen Monogatari (The Tale of Hogen) (保元物語) - "Hogen Monogatari" is a war tale that describes the Hogen Disturbance.

Hojoki (An Account of My Hut) (方丈記) - "Hojoki," written by KAMO no Chomei, is a representative essay in the history of medieval Japanese literature.

Hokusai Manga (北斎漫画) - "Hokusai Manga" is a book of sketches issued by Hokusai KATSUSHIKA as examples of paintings.

Honamigire (本阿弥切) - Honamigire is a nickname for the manuscript of "Kokin Wakashu" (A Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry), which is assumed to have been transcribed at the beginning of the twelfth century.

Honcho Monzui (本朝文粋) - The "Honcho Monzui" (Anthology of waka poems and prose written in classical Chinese) was compiled by FUJIWARA no Akihira.

Honchotsugan (本朝通鑑) - Honchotsugan is a history book in classical Chinese and in chronological order edited by the Edo Shogunate.

Honkatori (本歌取) - Honkatori is a technique used to create waka (a traditional Japanese poem of thirty-one syllables) in the study of Japanese poems to take in one or two phrases of old and famous poem (the original) to create a new poem.

Honpan Jinbutsushi (brief accounts of the Shimazu clan and its chief retainers mainly during the Sengoku period [period of warring states]) (本藩人物誌) - Honpan Jinbutsushi is thirteen volumes of brief accounts of the Shimazu clan and its chief retainers for 200 years from the middle of 15th century to the middle of 17th century mainly during the Sengoku period arranged in the traditional Japanese alphabetical order.

Horyakukanki (A History Book of the 14 century in Japan) (保暦間記) - "Horyakukanki" is a history book which was completed during the Japanese middle ages, the Northern and Southern Dynasties period.

Hotaru (The Tale of Genji) (蛍 (源氏物語)) - Hotaru (The Fireflies) is one of the 54 chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Hotaru Hyobukyo no Miya (蛍兵部卿宮) - Hotaru Hyobukyo no Miya is a fictitious character in "The Tale of Genji" written by Murasaki Shikibu (note that he is not the same person as Hyobukyo no Miya, an elder brother of Fujitsubo).

Hundred stories concerning last days of the Tokugawa shogunate (幕末百話) - Hundred stories concerning last days of the Tokugawa shogunate are a collection of retrospective stories on the end of the Edo period and Meiji Restoration which appeared serially in Hochi Shinbun (newspaper) in 1902.

Hyakki yako (Night Parade of One Hundred Demons) (百鬼夜行) - Hyakki yagyo, or hyakki yako (Night Parade of One Hundred Demons) are stories about troops of demons and monsters wandering in a group in a city in the middle of the night in a parade, appearing in setsuwa (anecdotes).

Hyakunin Shuka (百人秀歌) - Hyakunin Shuka is an anthology of poems selected by FUJIWARA no Sadaie.

Hyobukyo no Miya (兵部卿宮) - Hyobukyo no Miya is a name for a fictitious Imperial prince, for convenience, whose real name is unknown in the tale.

I

Ichiaku no suna (A Handful of Sand) (一握の砂) - "Ichiaku no suna" is the first collection of poetic works produced by Takuboku ISHIKAWA.

Ichidai Yoki (一代要記) - Ichidai Yoki is one of the chronicles.

Ima Monotagari (Present-Day Tales) (今物語) - "The Ima Monogatari" is a collection of narratives which was compiled in the Kamakura period.

Imakagami (The Mirror of the Present) (今鏡) - "Imakagami" is a historical tale.

Imperial Prince Shiki (志貴皇子) - Imperial Prince Shiki(志貴皇子, 668?-, September 5, 716)lived from the end of the Asuka period to the beginning of the Nara period.

Imperial Prince Toneri (舎人親王) - Imperial Prince Toneri (February 8, 675 - December 6, 735) was a prince of Emperor Tenmu.

Inaba no Shiro Usagi (The hare of Inaba) (因幡の白兎) - Inaba no Shiro Usagi is one of Izumo mythologies.

INAWASHIRO Kensai (猪苗代兼載) - Kensai INAWASHIRO (1452 - July 21, 1510) was a renga poet (linked-verse poet) in the Sengoku period (period of warring states) (Japan).

Inja Bungaku (literature of reclusion) (隠者文学) - Inja Bungaku (literature of reclusion) is the generic term referring to a group of literature written by Buddhist priests and recluses who chose to retire from the secular world in medieval Japan.

INPUMONIN no Daifu (殷富門院大輔) - INPUMONIN no Daifu (ca. 1130 - ca. 1200) was a court lady and poet in the late Heian period.

Intoku Taiheiki (陰徳太平記) - The Intoku taiheiki is a work of Japanese literature.

Ise Monogatari (伊勢物語) - "Ise Monogatari" (The Tales of Ise) is a poetry narrative completed in the early Heian period.

ISE no Taifu (Osuke) (伊勢大輔) - ISE no Taifu (also known as Osuke) (ca. 989 - ca. 1060) was a lady poet in the mid-Heian period.

Ise shu (Collection of Ise) (伊勢集) - Ise shu is a personal collection of poems by Ise (a poet), who lived during the Heian period.

Isonokami no Sasamegoto (石上私淑言) - "Isonokami no Sasamegoto" is Norinaga MOTOORI's personal views on poetry.

Iya Yotsugi (弥世継) - Iya Yotsugi is a history book covering the reigns of two Emperors, Emperor Takakura and Emperor Antoku, and is said to have been written by FUJIWARA no Takanobu in the early Kamakura period, although it is no longer extant.

Izumi Shikibu (和泉式部) - Izumi Shikibu (dates unknown) was a poet of the mid-Heian period.

Izumi Shikibu Nikki (Diary of Izumi Shikibu) (和泉式部日記) - "The Izumi Shikibu Nikki" is a diary written by Izumi Shikibu, and is a notable example of women's literature in diaries.

J

Jakucho (寂超) - Jakucho (year of birth and death unknown) was a kajin (waka poet) during the end of the Heian period.

Jakuren (寂蓮) - Jakuren (ca. 1139-August 9, 1202) was a poet and a monk who lived from the end of the Heian period to the beginning of the Kamakura period.

Japanese Literature (日本文学) - Nihon bungaku (Japanese literature) refers either to literary works written in Japanese or to the academic field that studies such works and their authors.

Jigoku Zoshi (Scroll of the Hells) (地獄草紙) - Jigoku Zoshi are 12th-century hand scrolls depicting Buddhist hells.

Jijoron (Self-help) (自助論) - Self-help is a handbook written by Samuel Smiles which was published in 1859.

Jimmu tosei (Eastern expedition of the Emperor Jinmu) (神武東征) - Jimmu tosei (Eastern expedition of the Emperor Jinmu) is a tale in Japanese myth of the expedition of the first Kamuyamatoiwarebiko (Emperor Jinmu) of the Imperial family who departed from Hyuga, conquered Yamato and succeeded to Kashiwara no Miya (palace at Kashihara).

Jinkoki (a mathematical book written by Mitsuyoshi YOSHIDA) (塵劫記) - "Jinkoki" is a book of mathematics from the Edo period.

Jinno Shotoki (A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns) (神皇正統記) - The Jinno Shotoki (A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns) was written by the court noble Chikafusa KITABATAKE during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan) on behalf of the young Emperor Gomurakami; it is a book on history that Chikafusa wrote at Oda-jo Castle in Hitachi Province (present day Oda, Tsukuba City, Ibaraki Prefecture), in which he lays out the case for why the Yoshino Court (often called the Southern Court) and its imperial lineage was the true, legitimate one.

Joben (浄弁) - Joben (date of birth unknown - around 1356?) was a poet and a Tendai sect monk who lived during the Kamakura period.

Jogaku Zasshi (Education of Women Magazine) (女学雑誌) - Jogaku Zasshi was a magazine intended for female readers published during the Meiji era.

Jogu Shotoku Hooteisetsu (Biography of Shotoku Taishi) (上宮聖徳法王帝説) - Jogu Shotoku Hooteisetsu is said to be the oldest existing biography of what was called Prince Shotoku, who was a regent of Emperor Suiko.

Jokotoba (a preface word) (序詞) - Jokotoba (a preface word) is a rhetoric used mainly in waka (traditional Japanese poems of thirty-one syllables), which is put before a certain word to modify it using a figure of speech, kakekotoba (a rhetoric in Waka in which one word has more than one meaning), and a homophone, etc.

Jokyuki (A Chronicle of the Jokyu Disturbance) (承久記) - Jokyuki is a war tale concerning the Jokyu Disturbance which occurred between the Imperial court and bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) and resulted from Emperor Gotoba taking up arms in 1221.

K

Kado (The art of versification) (歌道) - Kado, which literally means an art of poems, is an art of creating waka (traditional Japanese poems of thirty-one syllables) and a study regarding waka itself (treatise on waka poetry and the study of waka).

Kagaku (study of waka) (歌学) - Kagaku is a study that researches everything related to waka, such as its essence and mannerisms, the interpretation of old waka, ancient practices and history.

Kagami no Okimi (鏡王女) - Kagami no Okimi (year of birth unknown - August 5, 683) was a legal wife of FUJIWARA no Kamatari.

Kagaribi (篝火) - Kagaribi (The Cressets) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Kagayaku Hinomiya (輝く日の宮) - Kagayaku Hinomiya (Kakayaku Hinomiya) (The Shining Princess) is the title of a chapter of "The Tale of Genji."

Kagero (The Tale of Genji) (蜻蛉 (源氏物語)) - Kagero is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Kagero Diary (The Gossamer Years) (蜻蛉日記) - "Kagero Diary" is a diary of a female writer who lived during the Heian period.

Kaichoon (collection of poetry) (海潮音 (詩集)) - Kaichoon is the collection of translated poems that Bin UEDA published through Hongo Shoin in October, 1905.

Kaidoki (海道記) - Kaido-ki (Travel Diary) is a traveler's journal that is thought to have been written in 1223.

Kaifuso (Fond Recollections of Poetry) (懐風藻) - "Kaifuso" is the oldest Japanese collection of Chinese poems in existence.

Kajin (Waka or Tanka Poets) (歌人) - "Kajin" is a Japanese term used to refer to poets who write waka (a traditional Japanese poem of thirty-one syllables) or tanka (thirty-one-syllable poem).

Kajin no Kigu (Encounters with Beautiful Women) (佳人之奇遇) - Kajin no Kigu is a political fiction written by Sanshi TOKAI (Shiro SHIBA).

Kakekotoba (掛詞) - Kakekotoba (a pivot word) is a rhetorical device used in waka poetry.

Kakimon-in (嘉喜門院) - Kakimon-in (dates of birth and death unknown) was Nyoin (a title of respect given to close female relatives of the Emperor) and a female waka poet in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan).

KAKINOMOTO no Hitomaro (柿本人麻呂) - KAKINOMOTO no Hitomaro (male, c. 660 to c. 720) was a poet in the Asuka period.

Kakyo Hyoshiki (the oldest extant Kagakusho [a book on the study of waka poems] by FUJIWARA no Hamanari) (歌経標式) - Kakyo Hyoshiki is the oldest extant Kagakusho written by FUJIWARA no Hamanari.

Kami-umi (a myth about giving birth to gods) (神産み) - In Japanese myths, Kami-umi refers to Izanagi and Izanami's giving birth to numerous gods after they gave birth to various islands (Kuni-umi [a myth about the birth of the land of Japan]).

Kaminoyonanayo (神世七代) (神世七代) - Kaminoyonanayo is a general term for seven generations of deities who were born when heaven and earth were created in Japanese Mythology.

KAMO no Chomei (鴨長明) - KAMO no Chomei (1155 - July 26, 1216) was a famous Japanese poet and essayist who lived from the late Heian period to the Kamakura period.

Kana Zoshi (仮名草子) - Kana Zoshi refers collectively to stories/practical texts of Kinsei Bungaku (Japanese Edo period literature) written in kana characters, or a mixture of kanji and kana, during the early Edo period.

Kaname-ishi (spirit rocks) (要石) - Kaname-ishi (spirit rocks) are found in Kashima-jingu Shrine in Kashima City, Ibaraki Prefecture and Katori-jingu Shrine in Katori City, Chiba Prefecture.

Kanginshu (閑吟集) - Kanginshu is a collection of Japanese songs and ballads.

Kanmon Nikki (看聞日記) - Kanmon Nikki is the diary of Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadafusa (Gosukoin, 1372 - 1456).

Kanna ninen dairi Utaawase (Utaawase held at the Imperial Palace in the Kanna period) (寛和二年内裏歌合) - "Kanna ninen dairi Utaawase is an utaawase" (poetry contest) held by Emperor Kazan on July 24, 986.

Kanpyono Ontoki Kisainomiya Uta-awase (寛平御時后宮歌合) - Kanpyono Ontoki Kisainomiya Uta-awase (Uta-awase held by the Empress during the Kanpyo period) was one of the poetry competitions, which consisted of one volume.

Kanshi (漢詩) - Kanshi is traditional Chinese poetry.

Kanzen Choaku (勧善懲悪) - Kanzen Choaku is a compound word made up of four characters: 勧(kan), 善(zen), 懲(cho) and 悪(aku) and means encouraging good and punishing evil.

Kaoru (薫) - Kaoru is a fictional character who appears in Murasaki Shikibu's novel "Genji Monogatari."

Karumi (軽み) - Karumi is an ideal for the style of haikai poetry founded by Basho MATSUO.

KASA no Iratsume (笠郎女) - KASA no Iratsume (Lady Kasa) was a poet of the mid-Nara period.

KASA no Kanamura (笠金村) - KASA no Kanamura (year of birth and death unknown) was a poet during the Nara Period.

Kashiwagi (The Tale of Genji) (柏木 (源氏物語)) - Kashiwagi is the name of a volume among the 54 chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Kashu (家集) - In the world of dynastic poems, "kashu" is a collection of waka (a traditional Japanese poem of thirty-one syllables) compiled from personal or family poems.

Kawachibon (河内本) - Kawachibon is a group of The Tale of Genji manuscripts allegedly created by Daikenmotsu (duty) MINAMOTO no Mitsuyuki and his son, MINAMOTO no Chikayuki, and their copies.

Keien School (桂園派) - Keien School is a school of Waka (Japanese poem) led by Kageki KAGAWA (1768-1843), a poet in the late Edo period.

Keien-isshi (桂園一枝) - Keien-isshi is a collection of waka (Japanese poetry) by Kageki KAGAWA (1768-1843) compiled by himself in the late Edo Period.

Keikoku bidan (経国美談) - Keikoku bidan (Commendable anecdotes creating a nation: young politicians of Thebes) is a political novel written by Ryukei YANO.

Keikokushu (経国集) - Keikokushu is an anthology of Chinese poems compiled at the command of Emperor Junna in 827 during the early Heian period.

Keisei (慶政) - Keisei (1189 - November 18, 1268) was a Buddhist priest in the Kamakura period.

Keiun (慶運) - Keiun, also known as Kyoun (born sometime during the 1293-1299, and died in 1369), was a poet and monk of the Tendai sect who lived in the latter days of Kamakura period into the middle of Japan's Northern and Southern Court period.

Kenchumikkan (顕註密勘) - "Kenchumikkan" is a book written by FUJIWARA no Teika in the early Kamakura Period, which is a collection of commentaries on "Kokin Wakashu" (Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry).

Kenmu shikimoku (the Kenmu Code) (建武式目) - Kenmu shikimoku (or Kenmu shikimoku jojo) is a political statement showing the governing philosophy of the Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).

Kenrei Monin Ukyo no Daibu Shu (The Poetic Memoirs of Lady Daibu) (建礼門院右京大夫集) - Kenrei Monin Ukyo no Daibu Shu (The Poetic Memoirs of Lady Daibu) was a private collection compiled in the early Kamakura period with approximately 360 poems (including poetic exchanges with others).

Kenreimonin Ukyo no Daibu (建礼門院右京大夫) - Kenreimonin Ukyo no Daibu (c. 1157 - year of death unknown) was a female waka poet from the end of Heian period to the early Kamakura period.

Kensho (顕昭) - Kensho (1130 - 1209?) was a poet-monk who lived from the late Heian period to the early Kamakura period.

KI no Haseo (紀長谷雄) - KI no Haseo (born 845, died March 6, 912) was a high-ranking court noble and literatus who lived from the early into the mid-Heian period.

KI no Tokibumi (紀時文) - KI no Tokibumi (c. 922 - c. 996) was a Japanese poet of the mid-Heian period.

KI no Tomonori (紀友則) - KI no Tomonori (c. 845 - 907) was kajin in the Heian period.

KI no Tsurayuki (紀貫之) - KI no Tsurayuki (866 or 872? - June 19, 945?) was a poet and essayist from the early to the middle Heian period.

KI no Yoshimochi (紀淑望) - KI no Yoshimochi (date of birth unknown - 919) was a Confucian and a kajin (waka poet) in the mid Heian period.

Kibyoshi (an illustrated book of popular fiction whose cover is yellow) (黄表紙) - Kibyoshi is one of the genres of kusazoshi (illustrated story books) which was popular after 1775, the mid-Edo period.

Kigo (Season Words) (季語) - Kigo, season word or kidai, seasonal topic (in haiku poetry) is a word symbolizing a given season and it is considered desirable that one of either kigo or kidai be contained in a haiku poetry.

Kikki (吉記) - Kikki is a diary written by Tsunefusa YOSHIDA (1142-1200), a court noble who lived in the late Heian period.

Kingyoku Wakashu (Gold gems poetry collection) (金玉和歌集) - Kingyoku Wakashu is a personal collection of poetry written in the mid Heian period.

Kinjo no Mikado (今上帝 (源氏物語)) - Emperor Kinjo or Kinjo no Mikado is the fourth Emperor in "The Tale of Genji" (the period of his reign: after the second volume of 'Wakana' (Spring Shoots)).

Kinkai Wakashu (金槐和歌集) - Kinkai Wakashu is MINAMOTO no Sanetomo's private anthology in the early Kamakura Period.

Kinkakuji (The Temple of the Golden Pavilion, Novel) (金閣寺 (小説)) - "Kinkakuji" (The Temple of the Golden Pavilion) is a novel written by Yukio MISHIMA.

Kinpisho (禁秘抄) - Kinpisho is a book written by the 84th Emperor Juntoku on the history and origin of imperial court ceremonies, whereby serving as an instruction manual for the rules and etiquette concerning such ceremonies.

Kinyo Wakashu (Kinyo Collection of Japanese Poems) (金葉和歌集) - Kinyo Wakashu is the fifth Chokusen Wakashu (anthologies of Japanese poetry compiled by Imperial command), and it was completed before "Shika Wakashu" (Shika Collection of Japanese Poems) and after "Goshui Wakashu" (Later Collection of Gleanings of Japanese Poetry).

Kiritsubo (桐壺) - Kiritsubo (The Paulownia Court) is one of the smaller houses of kokyu (seven larger houses and five smaller ones which were mainly empress's residences) in the Heian Imperial Palace.

Kiritsubo no Koi (桐壺更衣) - Kiritsubo no Koi is a character in "The Tale of Genji" written by Murasaki Shikibu.

Kisen (喜撰) - Kisen

KIYOHARA no Fukayabu (清原深養父) - KIYOHARA no Fukayabu (year of birth and death unknown) was a Japanese poet of the mid-Heian period.

KIYOHARA no Motosuke (清原元輔) - KIYOHARA no Motosuke (908 - June 990) was a poet and a scholar who lived during the Heian period.

Kobai (The Rose Plum) (The Tale of Genji) (紅梅 (源氏物語)) - Kobai is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Kocho (The Tale of Genji) (胡蝶 (源氏物語)) - Kocho (Butterflies) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

KODA Rohan (幸田露伴) - Rohan KODA (August 22, 1867 - July 30, 1947) was a Japanese novelist.

Kogetsusho (湖月抄) - Kogetsusho (The Tale of Genji Moon on the Lake Commentary) is a commentary on The Tale of Genji written by Kigin KITAMURA.

Kohon Setsuwashu (Collection of Old Tales) (古本説話集) - "The Kohon Setsuwashu" is a narrative collection and is believed to have appeared during the end of the Heian period, or at the latest, during the early Kamakura period.

Kojidan (古事談) - "Kojidan" (Talks about Ancient Matters) is a collection of fables produced in the early Kamakura period.

Kojiki (The Records of Ancient Matters) (古事記) - According to Kojiki's preface, Kojiki is the oldest Japanese history book dedicated by O no Asomi Yasumaro (or may be called the O no Yasumaro) in 712.

Kokamonin no Betto (皇嘉門院別当) - Kokamonin no Betto (year of birth and death unknown) was a poetess of the late Heian period.

Kokashu (古歌集) - Kokashu is a collection of Japanese poetry.

Kokin Wakashu (A Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry) (古今和歌集) - "Kokin Wakashu" was the first anthology of poems collected by Imperial command.

Kokkeibon (humorous book) (滑稽本) - Kokkeibon (humorous book) was a genre of gesaku literature (literary work of a playful, mocking, joking, silly or frivolous nature) in the late Edo period.

Kokon Hyakumonogatari Hyoban (A Critique of Hundred Tales Old and New) (古今百物語評判) - "Kokon Hyakumonogatari Hyoban" (A Critique of Hundred Tales Old and New) is a collection of kaidan (ghost) tales written and edited by Genrin YAMAOKA who was a litterateur in the early Edo period.

Komonjo (古文書) - In the study of history, komonjo (literally, old documents) refers to methods created to communicate one's intentions to a specific addressee.

Konjiki Yasha (The golden demon) (金色夜叉) - Konjiki Yasha is a representative novel of Meiji Period written by Koyo OZAKI.

Kookimi (小大君) - Kookimi (date of birth and death unknown) was a female waka poet in the mid-Heian period.

Korai Futeisho (古来風体抄) - Korai Futeisho is a textbook on poetry that was completed during the early Kamakura period.

Koshi Koden (古史古伝) - Koshi koden are historical documents with content that is significantly different from the kiki ("Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihon Shoki" (Chronicles of Japan)), which are considered as the major historical documents in the field of ancient Japanese history.

Koshikibu no Naishi (小式部内侍) - Koshikibu no Naishi (ca. 999-November, 1025) was a female poet who lived during the Heian period.

Kosodate Yurei (A Ghost Caring for Her Baby) (子育て幽霊) - Kosodate Yurei is a Japanese folktale.

Koto (The Old Capital, Novel) (古都 (小説)) - "Koto" is a novel written by Yasunari KAWABATA between 1950 and 1955.

Kotokunikyo ki (言国卿記) - Kotokunikyo ki is a diary of Kotokuni YAMASHINA, a court noble in the Muromachi period.

Koya-gire (fragments of the Kokinshu from Koyasan monastery's manuscript) (高野切) - Koya-gire is the popular name for the incomplete manuscript of the "Kokin wakashu" (collection of ancient and modern waka poems, usually known as Kokinshu in English) that was transcribed in the eleventh century, near the end of the Heian period.

Kumaso (a tribe living in the ancient Kyushu district) (熊襲) - Kumaso is a name for the family that appear in "Kojiki" (Records of Ancient Matters), "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan), and the Japanese mythology.

Kumogakure (雲隠) - Kumogakure (literally, vanishing behind the clouds) is the title of one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Kumogakure Rokujo (雲隠六帖) - Kumogakure Rokujo (Genji's demise: six chapters) is a supplementary work to the Tale of Genji.

Kumoi no kari (雲居の雁) - Kumoi no kari is a fictitious character that appears in "Genji Monogatari" (The Tale of Genji) by Murasaki Shikibu.

Kuni-umi (a myth about the birth of the land of Japan) (国産み) - Kuni-umi is a myth that tells us how the land of Japan was generated.

Kunibiki Shinwa (Land dragging myth) (国引き神話) - Kunibiki Shinwa (Land dragging myth) is a part of Japanese mythology that has been passed down in the Izumo Province.

Kurama Tengu (novel) (鞍馬天狗 (小説)) - "Kurama Tengu" is the title of the series of historical novels written by Jiro OSARAGI in Taisho and Showa periods, as well as the name of its protagonist.

Kyogoku School (京極派) - The Kyogoku school (Kyogokuha) was a school of waka poetry that existed from the middle of the Kamakura period into the beginning of the Muromachi period.

KYOGOKU Tamekane (京極為兼) - Tamekane KYOGOKU (1254 - April 16, 1332) was a late Kamakura-period waka poet.

Kyoka (comic/satirical tanka) (狂歌) - Kyoka is a parody of tanka (Japanese poem) that contains social satire, irony, and humor in 31 (5-7-5-7-7) syllables.

Kyoku (a kind of humorous haikai without haikai conventions) (狂句) - Kyoku is one type of fixed form verse which developed in the latter half of the early-modern period in Japan.

Kyoun-shu (狂雲集) - "Kyoun-shu" (Crazy Cloud Anthology) is a collection of Chinese poetry by Ikkyu Sojun which presents the insane and unconventional world.

Kyuan Hyakushu (久安百首) - Kyuan Hyakushu is the Hundred-Poem sequences developed by the command of Sutokuin in 1150 during the late Heian period.

Kyureki (The Diary of FUJIWARA no Morosuke) (九暦) - The Kyureki is a diary by Minister of the Right FUJIWARA no Morosuke, a court noble in the mid-Heian period and the ancestor of the Kujo lineage, one of the styles of court protocol.

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Lady Akashi (明石の御方) - Akashi no onkata, Lady Akashi, is a fictional character appearing in "The Tale of Genji" by Shikibu Murasaki.

Lady Aoi (葵の上) - Lady Aoi is a fictional character appearing in "The Tale of Genji" by Murasaki Shikibu.

Lady Kokiden (弘徽殿女御) - Lady Kokiden is the name for fictitious empresses in stories whose real names were unknown.

Legend of Anchin and Kiyohime (安珍・清姫伝説) - The legend of Anchin and Kiyohime has been handed down in Kii Province.

Lemon (Novel) (檸檬 (小説)) - Lemon is a story by Motojiro KAJII.

Literature of the Five Mountains (五山文学) - Gozan Bungaku (the Literature of the Five Mountains) was literature in Chinese developed in Zen temples from the late Kamakura period to the Muromachi period.

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Maboroshi (The Wizard) (The Tale of Genji) (幻 (源氏物語)) - Maboroshi is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Maigetsusho (The Monthly Commentary) (毎月抄) - Maigetsusho (The Monthly Commentary) is a treatise on waka poetry written by a kajin (waka poet) FUJIWARA no Teika in 1219.

Makibashira (The Cypress Pillar) (真木柱) - Makibashira is one of the 54 chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Makura no Soshi Bochu (枕草紙旁註) - "Makura no Soshi Bochu" is a book written in the Edo Period, which is a collection of marginal notes on "Makura no Soshi" (the Pillow Book).

Makura no Soshi Shunshosho (枕草子春曙抄) - "Makura no Soshi Shunshosho" is a commentary on Makura no Soshi (The Pillow Book) written in the Edo period.

Makurakotoba (枕詞) - Makurakotoba (枕詞) is a rhetorical device which is used mainly in Japanese poetry, and the word(s) which is placed before the particular words to make pairs to adjust the tones of the words or to add to a kind of atmosphere.

Manyo-gana (a form of syllabary used in the Manyoshu [Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves]) (万葉仮名) - Manyo-gana is a kind of kana (the Japanese syllabaries), and it mainly refers to the letters from which Japanese people borrowed Chinese-derived pronunciation in order to express Japanese in ancient times.

Manyodaishoki (万葉代匠記) - "Manyodaishoki" is a commentary on "Manyoshu" (the oldest anthology of tanka) by Keichu, who was a scholar of Japanese classical literature during the Edo Period.

Manyoshu (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves) (万葉集) - The "Manyoshu"(written as 万葉集 or 萬葉集) is the oldest extant collection of poems, compiled from the latter half of the seventh century to the latter half of the eighth century.

Masasuke's Notes on Court Costume (満佐須計装束抄) - Masasuke's Notes on Court Costume is a book on court costume and lore written in kana that appeared at the end of the Heian period.

Masukagami (The Clear Mirror) (増鏡) - Masukagami is a historical tale.

Matsukage Chunagon Monogatari (The Tale of Matsukage, Vice-councilor of state) (松陰中納言物語) - Matsukage Chunagon Monogatari is a fictional tale completed during the Muromachi period.

Matsukaze (The Tale of Genji) (松風 (源氏物語)) - Matsukaze (Wind in the Pines) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

MATSUO Basho (松尾芭蕉) - Basho MATSUO (1644 - November 28, 1694) was a haikai (seventeen-syllable verse) poet from present-day Iga City, Mie Prefecture in the early Edo period.

Matsura no miya Monogatari (松浦宮物語) - Matsura no miya Monogatari is a story or novel formed at the beginning of the Kamakura period.

Medieval 36 Immortal Poets (中古三十六歌仙) - The Medieval 36 Immortal Poets is a collective term for the 36 master poets of waka included in "Nochi no Rokurokusen" (an anthology of poems collected by FUJIWARA no Norikane) compiled by FUJIWARA no Norikane.

Meigetsuki (The Record of the Clear Moon) (明月記) - "Meigetsuki" (The Record of the Clear Moon) is the Kamakura period diary of FUJIWARA no Sadaie, who is more commonly known as "Teika."

MIBU no Tadami (壬生忠見) - MIBU no Tadami (dates of birth and death unknown) was a Japanese poet of the mid-Heian period.

Midaregami (みだれ髪) - "Midaregami" (Tangled hair) is the first poetry collection of a poet, Akiko YOSANO.

Mido Kanpakuki (Diary of a Mido Regent) (御堂関白記) - Mido Kanpakuki is a diary written by FUJIWARA no Michinaga, a court noble who held the titles of Regent and Grand Minister in the Heian period.

Mimitsu (美々津) - Mimitsu is a place name in Hyuga City, Miyazaki Prefecture.

MINAMOTO no Chikayuki (源親行) - MINAMOTO no Chikayuki (year of birth and death unknown) was a writer and politician, a classical scholar, and a poet who lived in the first half of the Kamakura period.

MINAMOTO no Hitoshi (源等) - MINAMOTO no Hitoshi (880 - March 951) was a noble who lived in the early to middle Heian Period.

MINAMOTO no Kanemasa (源兼昌) - MINAMOTO no Kanemasa (year of birth and death unknown) was a poet of the middle to late-Heian period.

MINAMOTO no Kintada (源公忠) - MINAMOTO no Kintada (889 - December 7, 948) was a Japanese official and poet of the mid-Heian period.

MINAMOTO no Michinari (源道済) - MINAMOTO no Michinari (year of birth unknown - 1019) was a government official (esp. one of low to medium rank) and a waka poet in the mid-Heian period.

MINAMOTO no Mitsuyuki (源光行) - MINAMOTO no Mitsuyuki (1163 - April 3, 1244) was a politician, literary scholar and poet during the early Kamakura period.

MINAMOTO no Morofusa (源師房) - MINAMOTO no Morofusa (1008 - March 20, 1077) was a kuge (court noble) and kajin (waka poet) in the mid Heian period.

MINAMOTO no Muneyuki (源宗于) - MINAMOTO no Muneyuki (year of birth unknown - January 9, 940)was a poet of the early to mid-Heian period.

MINAMOTO no Saneakira (源信明) - MINAMOTO no Saneakira (910 - 970) was a Japanese official and poet of the mid-Heian period.

MINAMOTO no Shigeyuki (源重之) - MINAMOTO no Shigeyuki (? - around 1000?) was a poet of the mid-Heian period

MINAMOTO no Shitago (源順) - MINAMOTO no Shitago (911-983) was a Japanese scholar and poet of the early Heian period.

MINAMOTO no Tamenori (源為憲) - MINAMOTO no Tamenori (date of birth unknown - September, 1011) was a literary person and a composer of Chinese poems in the mid-Heian period.

MINAMOTO no Toshiyori (源俊頼) - MINAMOTO no Toshiyori (1055-January 29, 1129) was a official and poet of the late Heian period.

MINAMOTO no Tsunenobu (源経信) - MINAMOTO no Tsunenobu (1016 - February 20, 1097) was a noble and waka poet who lived in the late Heian Period.

Minori (The Rites) (御法) - Minori is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Miotsukushi (The Tale of Genji) (澪標 (源氏物語)) - Miotsukushi (Channel Buoys) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

MIYAKO no Yoshika (都良香) - MIYAKO no Yoshika (834 - March 25, 879) was a literatus and kanshi (Chinese verse) poet who lived in the early Heian period.

Miyuki (The Tale of Genji) (行幸 (源氏物語)) - Miyuki (The Imperial Progress) is one of the 54 chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Mizukagami (Water Mirror) (水鏡) - "Mizukagami" (Water Mirror) is a historical tale.

Momiji no Ga (紅葉賀) - Momiji no Ga (The Autumn Excursion) is one of the fifty-four chapters of The Tale of Genji.

Monogatari (物語) - Monogatari are various events read by a narrator to the reader.

Moshinsho (孟津抄) - Moshinsho is a commentary on "The Tale of Genji," written by Tanemichi KUJO, the Kanpaku (regent) during the Sengoku (Period of Warring States) and Azuchi-Momoyama periods.

Mother of FUJIWARA no Michitsuna (藤原道綱母) - The mother of FUJIWARA no Michitsuna (c. 936 - June 7, 995) was a waka poet in the mid Heian period.

Mumyo Zoshi (Story Without a Name) (無名草子) - Mumyo Zoshi (Story Without a Name) is a classic from the early Kamakura Period, and the oldest critique of literature in Japan.

Mumyosho (無名抄) - "Mumyosho" was a karon sho (a document of theory and criticism about classic Japanese poems) in the Kamakura period written by KAMO no Chomei.

Murasaki no ue (紫の上) - Murasaki no ue is a heroine in "The Tale of Genji," a classic written by Murasaki Shikibu.

Murasaki Shikibu (紫式部) - Murasaki Shikibu (dates of birth and death unknown) was a female author and poet in the mid-Heian period.

Murasaki Shikibu Diary (紫式部日記) - "The Murasaki Shikibu Diary" is said to have been written by Murasaki Shikibu.

Mutsuwaki (陸奥話記) - "Mutsuwa-ki" is a war chronicle that depicts the details of Japan's Early Nine-Years War.

Myth of Food Origin in Japanese Mythology (日本神話における食物起源神話) - This article describes myth of food origin in Japanese Mythology.

Myth of Okuninushi (大国主の神話) - The Myth of Okuninushi.

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NAKANOIN Michikatsu (中院通勝) - Michikatsu NAKANOIN (June 13, 1556 - May 18, 1610) was a court noble, waka poet, and Kokugaku (National Learning) scholar who lived from the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) into the early Edo period.

Nakatsukasa (中務) - Nakatsukasa (ca. 912-ca. 991) was a female poet who lived in the mid-Heian period.

Nakatsukasa no Naishi Nikki (The Dairy of Nakatsukasa no Naishi) (中務内侍日記) - The Dairy of Nakatsukasa no Naishi is a work of courtly literature in the Kamakura period.

NAKAYAMA Kanemune (中山兼宗) - Kanemune NAKAYAMA (1163 - October 5, 1242) was a court noble and a waka poet who lived in the Heian period.

Namazu-e (鯰絵) - Namazu-e is a general name for nishiki-e (multicolored ukiyo-e (Japanese woodblock prints)) with catfish (namazu, in Japanese) as its subject published in Japan during the Edo period.

Nan-Taiheiki (難太平記) - Nan-Taiheiki is a book which was completed by Sadayo IMAGAWA (after becoming a priest, known as Ryoshun IMAGAWA) in 1402.

Nanga (南画) - Nanga is a term which came from Chinese Southern Sung paintings, and the term is unique to the Japanese language.

Naniwa-zu (Waka [a traditional Japanese poem of 31 syllables] composed by Wani) (難波津 (和歌)) - The Naniwa-zu no uta (waka of Naniwa-zu Port) appears in the Kanajo (Japanese preface) of Kokin Wakashu (Collection of Ancient and Modern Poems) as 'the poem written on the emperor of Osazaki' composed by Wani (Wang In).

Nanshuo Ikun (The Teachings of the Late Nanshu) (南洲翁遺訓) - Nanshuo Ikun is a collection of lessons written by Takamori SAIGO.

Naoeban (直江版) - Naoeban is the Naoe edition of Chinese classic, 'Monzen' (Wen-hsuan, ancient Chinese poems), published by Kanetsugu NAOE, Karo (chief retainer) for the Uesugi clan, in 1607.

Narabi no maki (並びの巻) - Narabi no maki (parallel chapters) is a name for a chapter which is parallel to another chapter in a work consisting of several volumes, or the chapters themselves called as such.

Nashitsubo no Gonin (Five Gentlemen of the Pear Chamber) (梨壺の五人) - The "Nashitsubo no Gonin" represents the key members at the Waka-dokoro (the Imperial Bureau of Poetry) established by order of Emperor Murakami in 951 within the Shoyosha, which was one of the Shichiden-Gosha (seven residences and five houses for the Empress and other concubines) inside the Heian Imperial Palace.

Nenokuni (Land of the Roots) (根の国) - Nenokuni is the underworld in the Japanese myth.

New Collection of Ancient and Modern Poetry (新古今和歌集) - "New Collection of Ancient and Modern Poetry" was compiled by order of Emperor Gotoba in the early Kamakura period.

New thirty-six major poets (新三十六歌仙) - New thirty-six major poets is the name given to certain distinguished poets.

Nihon Gafu (日本楽府) - "Nihon Gafu" is an anthology of poems written by Sanyo RAI.

Nihon Genho Zenaku Ryoiki (set of three books of Buddhist stories, written in the late 8th and early 9th century, usually referred to as the Nihon Ryouiki) (日本現報善悪霊異記) - Nihon Genho Zenaku Ryoiki (also known as Nihonkoku Genho Zenaku Ryoiiki) is Japan's oldest collection of anecdotes written in the early Heian period.

Nihon Montoku Tenno Jitsuroku (Veritable Records of Emperor Montoku of Japan) (日本文徳天皇実録) - Nihon Montoku Tenno Jitsuroku is a history compiled in Japan during the Heian period, and is the fifth among the six Rikkokushi (National Histories of Japan, six historical compilations chronicling the mythology and history of Japan between the Nara and Heian periods).

Nihonjin-ron (Discourses on Japanese People) (日本人論) - Nihonjin-ron is a study, books, and reports discussed on Japanese people.

Nihonkoki History Book (日本後紀) - Nihonkoki History Book is a collection of histories created by imperial command; it was compiled in the early Heian period after Shoku-Nihongi (Continuation of Chronicles of Japan), being the third volume of Rikkokushi (Six National Histories).

Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan) (日本書紀) - Nihonshoki (also referred to as Yamatobumi) is a Japanese history book established in the Nara period.

Nijo Kawaha no Rakusho (The Nijo River Beach Lampoon) (二条河原の落書) - Nijo Kawaha no Rakusho are writings collected in "Kenmu Nenkan-ki," a record of the Kenmu era which was handed down in the Machino clan, which was the head of Monchujo (Board of Inquiry) in Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).

Nijo School (二条派) - The Nijo school (Nijo-ha) was a medieval waka poetry school, which had its own specific style and philosophy.

Nijoin no Sanuki (二条院讃岐) - Nijoin no Sanuki (Sanuki of Nijoin, ca. 1141 - ca. 1217) was a poetess of the late Heian and the early Kamakura period.

Nijuichidaishu (二十一代集) - Nijuichidaishu is a collective term for the 21 anthologies compiled by Imperial command as a state project, beginning with "Kokin Wakashu" (A Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry) and ending with "Shinshoku Kokin Wakashu" (The New Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry Continued).

Ninjobon (works of sentimental fiction in the Edo period) (人情本) - The ninjobon refers to a genre of gesaku literature (literary work of a playful, mocking, joking, silly or frivolous nature) written during the Edo period that mainly dealt with decadent love affairs and contemporary life of Edo (now Tokyo).

Niou Miya (匂宮) - Niou Miya was one of the chapter titles of "Genji Monogatari" (The Tale of Genji) which has fifty four chapters.

Nise Murasaki Inaka Genji (偐紫田舎源氏) - "Nise Murasaki Inaka Genji" (The Tale of Genji during the Muromachi period) is an unfinished long gokan (bound-together volumes of illustrated books) written by Tanehiko RYUTEI.

Nise-e (realistic painting) (似絵) - Nise-e are realistic portrayals of courtiers and warriors, as well as drawings of armor on cattle and horses for record purposes, painted in the yamato-e style from the mid-13th century to mid-15th century.

Nochi no Kagami (後鑑) - "Nochi-kagami" is a history book compiled by the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) which covers the 15 generations of the Muromachi bakufu.

Noin (能因) - Noin (988-1058) was a monk and a poet who lived during the mid-Heian period.

Nowaki (The Tale of Genji) (野分 (源氏物語)) - Nowaki (The Typhoon) is one of the 54 chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Nozarashi Kiko (野ざらし紀行) - "Nozarashi Kiko" (Journal of Bleached Bones in a Field) is a travel record by Basho MATSUO, haikai (seventeen-syllable verse) poet in the mid-Edo Period.

Nukata no Okimi (額田王) - Nukata no Okimi (also known as Nukata no Kimi) (dates of birth and death unknown) was a leading female Japanese poet who was active during the reigns of the emperors Kogyoku and Jito with poems in the "Manyoshu" (Collection of Ten-Thousand Leaves).

Nyobo (a court lady) (女房) - Nyobo was a female servant who did domestic matters for people in the Imperial court or a distinguished person in aristocratic circles from the Heian period to around the Edo period.

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Oath Between Amaterasu and Susano (アマテラスとスサノオの誓約) - Both the Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters) and the Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan) give an account of an Ukei (an oath) between Amaterasu and Susano, and of the gods who came into being due to it.

Oborozukiyo (The Tale of Genji) (朧月夜 (源氏物語)) - Oborozukiyo (also called Oborozukuyo) is a fictional character in "The Tale of Genji" written by Murasaki Shikibu.

OBU Suesada (飯富季貞) - Suesada OBU (also known as MINAMOTO no Suesada) (years of birth and death unknown) was a busho (Japanese military commander) and a poet who lived in the late Heian period.

Ochiba no miya (落葉の宮) - Ochiba no miya is a fictitious character in "The Tale of Genji."

Ochikubo monogatari (The Tale of Ochikubo) (落窪物語) - "Ochikubo monogatari" (The Tale of Ochikubo) is a tale of Japan's middle ages, which reportedly originated around the end of the tenth century.

Ochimizu (変若水) - Ochimizu is water that was said to bring back youth when it was drank.

Ocho Monogatari (tales from the Heian and Kamakura periods) (王朝物語) - Among the novels and tales written from the late Heian period to the early Muromachi period, Ocho Monogatari refers to the ones that are characterized by having Japanese sentences written in Hiragana (the Japanese syllabaries), and having been created on the basis of the customs, aesthetic sense, and the concepts of literature during the period of Court rule.

OE no Chisato (poet) (大江千里 (歌人)) - OE no Chisato (year of birth and death unknown, male) was a poet and scholar of the early Heian period.

OE no Masahira (大江匡衡) - OE no Masahira (952 - August 12, 1012) was a Confucian and poet in the mid-Heian period.

OE no Yoshitoki (大江嘉言) - OE no Yoshitoki

Okagami (The Great Mirror) (大鏡) - The Great Mirror is a historical tale written in the style of a biographical record.

Okanoya Kanpakuki (The Dairy of Okanoya Kanpaku) (岡屋関白記) - Okanoya Kanpakuki is a diary written by Kanpaku (Chancellor) Kanetsune KONOE in the Kamakura period.

Oku no Himemiko (大来皇女) - Oku no Himemiko (大来皇女, also written as 大伯皇女, February 15, 661 - February 2, 702) was an Imperial princess of Emperor Tenmu.

Oku no Hosomichi (The Narrow Road to the Deep North) (奥の細道) - The Narrow Road to the Deep North is a travelogue written by Basho MATSUO in the Genroku era.

Okuiri (奥入) - Okuiri is a commentary on the Tale of Genji written by FUJIWARA no Sadaie.

Okuninushi's forming of the land (大国主の国づくり) - Okuninushi's forming of the land

Old Book of Tang (旧唐書) - "The Old Book of Tang" (Jiu Tangshu or Kutojo in Japanese) was a book of history compiled by Liu Xu and others under the reign of Shi Chonggui of Later Jin of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period in China.

Old Genealogies on The Tale of Genji (源氏物語古系図) - Among the genealogies of The Tale of Genji, in which characters in "The Tale of Genji" were systematically written in the form of genealogy as if they were the real people, Genji monogatari kokeizu (old genealogies on the Tale of Genji) refers to the ones that were made before the genealogy produced by Sanetaka SANJONISHI.

Omiya (The Tale of Genji) (大宮 (源氏物語)) - Omiya is a fictitious character in The Tale of Genji.

ONAKATOMI no Sukechika (大中臣輔親) - ONAKATOMI no Sukechika (954 - July 6, 1038) was a poet in the mid-Heian period.

ONAKATOMI no Yorimoto (大中臣頼基) - ONAKATOMI no Yorimoto (c. 886 - c. 958) was a waka poet in the mid-Heian period.

ONAKATOMI no Yoshinobu (大中臣能宣) - ONAKATOMI no Yoshinobu (921 - August 991) was a poet in the mid-Heian period.

Onin-ki (The Record of the Onin War) (応仁記) - The Onin-ki is a historical work of the Muromachi period.

Onna Ninomiya (女二宮) - Onna Ninomiya is the second princess of the successive emperors.

Onna San no Miya (女三宮) - The word Onna San no Miya can refer to the following:

ONO no Komachi (小野小町) - ONO no Komachi (circa 809 - circa 901) was a female poet in around the first half of the Heian period, in the ninth century.

ONO no Minemori (小野岑守) - ONO no Minemori (778 - April 19, 830) was a noble and a man of letters during the early Heian period.

Onogoro-jima Island (an island in a Japanese myth) (オノゴロ島) - Onogoro-jima Island (also called Onokoro-jima Island) is an island appearing in a Japanese myth.

OSHIKOCHI no Mitsune (凡河内躬恒) - OSHIKOCHI no Mitsune (859? - 925?) was a poet of the early Heian period.

Oshima-bon Manuscript (大島本) - Oshima-bon is one of the older manuscripts of "Genji Monogatari" (The Tale of Genji).

Otogi Zoshi (illustrated story books) (御伽草子) - Otogi Zoshi are illustrated short stories, and the style, established during the Muromachi period into the Edo period.

Otome (The Tale of Genji) (少女 (源氏物語)) - Otome (The Maidens) is the one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

OTOMO no Kuronushi (大友黒主) - OTOMO no Kuronushi (years of birth and death unknown) was a kajin (waka poet) in the Heian period.

OTOMO no Sakanoue no Iratsume (大伴坂上郎女) - OTOMO no Sakanoue no Iratsume (year of birth and death unknown) is one of the most famous Tanka (31 syllables' poem) poets in "Manyoshu" (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves).

OTOMO no Tabito (大伴旅人) - OTOMO no Tabito (665 - September 4, 731) was a politician and poet of the early Nara period.

Otsu-e (Otsu paintings, named after the town of Otsu in Shiga Prefecture) (大津絵) - In a collection at The Cleveland Museum of Art.

Ouki (小右記) - The "Ouki" (also pronounced Shoyuki) is the diary of the Heian-period court noble FUJIWARA no Sanesuke.

Oyudono no ue no nikki (Daily Records of the Honorable Lady of the Imperial Office of Housekeeping) (御湯殿上日記) - Oyudono no ue no nikki (Daily Records of the Honorable Lady of the Imperial Office of Housekeeping) is a daily record that was kept through the years by lower-ranking court ladies at the Imperial court.

OZAKI Koyo (尾崎紅葉) - Koyo OZAKI (January 10, 1868 - October 30, 1903) was a Japanese novelist.

P

Pillow Book (枕草子) - "The Pillow Book" is a zuihitsu essay (literally, "random jottings"), which is said to have been written by Sei Shonagon, a female writer who lived in the mid-Heian period.

Preface to A Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry (古今和歌集仮名序) - Kokin Wakashu Kanajo (The Preface to "A Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry") is a preface to Kokin Wakashu (A Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry).

Priest Akashi (明石入道) - Priest Akashi is a fictitious character in "The Tale of Genji," which is a novel written by Murasaki Shikibu.

Prince Otsu (大津皇子) - Prince Otsu (663 - October 28, 686) was a prince of Emperor Tenmu.

Q

Queen Kishi (徽子女王) - Queen Kishi (also known as Yoshiko) was a poet and member of the Imperial Family who lived in the middle of the Heian period, from 929 to 985.

R

Rakushu (落首) - A rakushu (a satirical poem with a 31 syllable verse) is a vehicle of expression which was prevalent from the Heian to the Edo period.

Rakuyo Dengakuki (洛陽田楽記) - Rakuyo dengakuki is a book written by OE no Masafusa.

Rangaku Kotohajime (The Beginning of Dutch Studies) (蘭学事始) - "Rangaku Kotohajime" (The Beginning of Dutch Studies) is memoirs written by Genpaku SUGITA at the age of 83 in 1815, who was thinking back on to the pioneer days of Dutch studies and sent to Gentaku OTSUKI.

Rashomon (Rashomon Gate, a novel) (羅生門 (小説)) - "Rashomon" is a novel written by Ryunosuke AKUTAGAWA early in his career.

Rebellion of Tagishimimi (タギシミミの反逆) - The Rebellion of Tagishimimi is a tale of Japanese mythology that after Emperor Jinmu passed away, Tagishimimi devised a ploy to become the emperor but was defeated by Kamununakawamimi (later, Emperor Suizei) and his army.

Record of a Pilgrimage to China in Search of the Law (入唐求法巡礼行記) - The Record of a Pilgrimage to China in Search of the Law is a travel diary written by Ennin (794-864), a Japanese monk who lived in the 9th century and was approved to join the last mission to Tang China in the Jowa era.

Reizei School (冷泉派) - The Reizei school ("Reizeiha" in Japanese) is a school of waka poetry composition that began in the mid Kamakura period and continues to the present day.

REIZEI Tamehiro (冷泉為広) - Tamehiro REIZEI (1450-August 30, 1526) was a Japanese waka poet.

Renga (連歌) - Renga is a traditional form of poetry, and the kaminoku (the first part of a poem) and shimonoku (the latter part of a poem) are linked together by several people.

Renku (連句) - Renku refers to haikai no renga (humorous linked poem).

Rikyu Doka (利休道歌) - Rikyu Doka (literally, Rikyu's teaching poems), also called 'Rikyu hyakushu' (literally, Rikyu's one-hundred poems), are the teachings of SEN no Rikyu in the form of waka poetry to make them easily understood.

Roei Gochu (朗詠江注) - Roei Gochu, written by OE no Masafusa, is a commentary on the Wakan Roei Shu (Japanese and Chinese singing poems).

Roei Hyakushu (朗詠百首) - The Roei Hyakushu (a hundred medieval Japanese court songs) is a set of waka written while keeping with a theme set by using verses in various anthologies like the Wakan Roei Shu (Collection of Japanese and Chinese Court Songs).

Rokkasen (six famous poets) (六歌仙) - Rokkasen are the following six poets that KI no Tsurayuki remarked as "poets of the best known of recent times" and commented on the style of poetry of each in "Kokin Wakashu Kanajo" (Preface of Kokin wakashu written in kana):

Rokkashu (the six great collections of poetry) (六家集) - Rokkashu are the six great private collections of poetry in the age of Shinkokin (Wakashu) (New Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry).

Rokudai Shojiki (war tales concerning six emperors) (六代勝事記) - "Rokudai Shojiki" (or "Rokudai Shoshiki") is a historic tale written in chronological form in the early Kamakura Period of Japan.

Rokujo no Miyasudokoro (六条御息所) - Rokujo no Miyasudokoro is a fictional character who appears in "Genji Monogatari" (The Tale of Genji).

Rokujoin (六条院) - Rokujoin (also known as Rokujo no in) can refer to:

Rokujosaiin no senji (六条斎院宣旨) - Rokujosaiin no senji (year of birth and death is not clear) was a female waka poet in the late Heian period.

Roppyakuban Uta-awase (poetry contest with 600 matches) (六百番歌合) - Roppyakuban Uta-awase was an uta-awase (poetry contest) in the Kamakura period hosted by FUJIWARA no Yoshitsune.

Ruiju-Karin (類聚歌林) - Ruiju-Karin is a collection of poetry.

Ruijusandaikyaku (類聚三代格) - Ruijusandaikyaku is a statute book published in the Heian period (probably in the 11th century).

Ryojin Hisho (梁塵秘抄) - Ryojin hisho was a folk song collection compiled in the end of Heian period.

Ryomen-sukuna (両面宿儺) - Ryomen-sukuna is a specter that was said to have appeared in Hida Province in ancient times, in the reign of Emperor Nintoku.

Ryounshu (凌雲集) - Ryounshu (lit. a collection from above the clouds) is the first anthology of Chinese poems compiled in Japan by the command of Emperor Saga in 814 during the early Heian period.

Ryozen (良暹) - Ryozen (dates of birth and death unknown) was a monk and a poet who lived during the mid-Heian period.

Ryugu (the palace of the Dragon King) (龍宮) - Ryugu or Kaigu (the palace of the sea) is a palace of Watasumi no kami (tutelary of the sea) which appears in a legend concerning Watasumi no kami that has been told all over Japan.

S

Sagabon (Saga Books) (嵯峨本) - Saga Books (Sagabon) are books printed using movable type at the beginning of the early-modern period of Japan.

Sagami (poet) (相模 (歌人)) - Sagami (dates of birth and death unknown, 998? - after 1061) was a female poet in the early eleventh century, and one of the medieval 36 Immortal Poets.

Sagoromo Monogatari (狭衣物語) - "Sagoromo Monogatari" (The Tale of Sagoromo) is a story written at the end of the dynastic era of the Heian period.

SAIONJI Kintsune (西園寺公経) - Kintsune SAIONJI (1171 -October 2, 1244) was a Kamakura-period court noble and poet.

Sakaki (賢木) - Sakaki (The Green Branch) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

SAKANOUE no Korenori (坂上是則) - SAKANOUE no Korenori (date of birth unknown - 930) was a Japanese poet of the early and the mid-Heian period.

SAKANOUE no Mochiki (坂上望城) - SAKANOUE no Mochiki (dates of birth and death unknown) was a Japanese poet of the mid-Heian period.

Sakimori-no-uta (Poetry of the Sakimori Guards) (防人歌) - Sakimori-no-uta is a group of poems written by the Sakimori guards who were deployed on the coast of Kyushu after Taika no Kaishin (The Great Reformation of the Taika Era).

Sakkai ki (薩戒記) - Sakkai ki is a diary written by Sadachika NAKAYAMA, Gon Dainagon (chief councilor of state) and Danjoin (President of the Board of Censors).

Sanetaka Koki (実隆公記) - Sanetaka Koki is a diary written by Sanetaka SANJONISHI, a court noble in the late Muromachi period.

Sangyo Gisho (三経義疏) - Sangyo Gisho (The Annotation of the Three Sutras) is the collective name of "Hokke Gisho" (believed to have been published in 615), "Shomangyo Gisho" (believed to have been published in 611) and "Yuimagyo Gisho" (believed to have been published in 613) all of which are thought to have been written by Prince Shotoku.

Sankashu (山家集) - Sankashu is a collection of poems by Saigyo, a poet-priest in the late Heian Period.

Sanyo-ki (the Calculation Manual) (算用記) - "Sanyo-ki" (the Calculation Manual) is the oldest book on Wasan (Japanese mathematics) extant in Japan, however, the author is unknown.

Sarashina Nikki (更級日記) - "Sarashina Nikki" or "Sarashina no Nikki" (As I crossed a bridge of dreams) is a diary written by the daughter of SUGAWARA no Takasue in around the mid-Heian period.

Sarumaru no Taifu (猿丸大夫) - Sarumaru no Taifu, or Sarumarudayu (years of birth and death not know) was one of the thirty-six immortal poets.

Sarumino (Monkey's Raincoat) (猿蓑) - Sarumino is a collection of Shomon (Basho School) which contains hokku (the first lines of waka poems) and renku (linked verses) and was edited by Kyorai MUKAI and Boncho NOZAWA.

Satake version of Sanju-roku Kasen Emaki (hand scrolls of the thirty-six immortal poets) (佐竹本三十六歌仙絵巻) - The Satake version of "Sanju-roku Kasen Emaki (hand scrolls of the thirty-six immortal poets)" were made in the 13th century, Kamakura Period.

SATOMURA Joha (里村紹巴) - Joha SATOMURA (1525 - June 2, 1602) was a linked-verse-teacher 'Rengashi' during the Warring States period.

Sawarabi (Early Ferns) (早蕨) - Sawarabi is one of the fifty-four chapters of "Genji Monogatari" (The Tale of Genji).

Sayuri (novel) (さゆり (小説)) - "Sayuri" (Memoirs of a Geisha) was a novel by Arthur GOLDEN, published in 1997.

Secchubai (Plums in Snow) (雪中梅) - Secchubai is a political fiction written by Teccho SUEHIRO.

Sedoka (A poem where the head is repeated) (旋頭歌) - Sedoka (A poem where the head is repeated) is a type of waka (Japanese poem) from the Nara Period.

Sei Shonagon (清少納言) - Sei Shonagon (966? - 1025?) was a female writer and poet in the Heian period.

Sei Shonagon Makura no Soshi Sho (清少納言枕草紙抄) - "Sei Shonagon Makura no Soshi Sho" is a book written in the Edo Period, commentaries on "Makura no Soshi"(the Pillow Book) written by Sei Shonagon.

Seisuisho (Laughter to Wake Readers from Their Sleep) (醒睡笑) - Seisuisho is a collection of comical stories which widely circulated among the common people.

Seiyo Dochu Hizakurige (On the road through western countries: comic journey towards civilization) (西洋道中膝栗毛) - Seiyo Dochu Hizakurige is a humorous fiction written by Robun KANAGAKI and Kan FUSO (Volume 12 and subsequent volumes).

Sekiya (The Tale of Genji) (関屋 (源氏物語)) - Sekiya (The Gatehouse) is one of the 54 chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Semimaru (蝉丸) - Semimaru (years of birth and death unknown) was a waka poet and musician in the early Heian period.

Senjun (専順) - Senjun (1411-1476) was a renga (linked-verse) poet of the mid-Muromachi period.

Senryu (satirical haiku) (川柳) - Senryu (satirical haiku) is one kind of Japanese poem in lines of five, seven, and five syllables.

Senzai Wakashu (千載和歌集) - Senzai Wakashu is one of the Chokusen Wakashu (anthology of Japanese poetry compiled by Imperial command).

Set of a Hundred Poems (百首歌) - Hyakushuuta (The Set of One Hundred Poems, 百首歌) consists of one hundred poems as a unit, which are a type of waka composed with a predetermined number.

Shakaiei (社会詠) - Shakaiei is a type of tanka as well as a haiku.

Sharebon (witty book) (洒落本) - Sharebon (literally, witty book) is a type of gesaku literature in the mid-Edo period.

Shigure-tei Bunko (the Shigure-tei storehouse/library of the Reizei family) (冷泉家時雨亭文庫) - The Foundation for the Reizei family's Shigure-tei library was founded by the descendants of FUJIWARA no Teika; it was created both to store and protect the cultural treasures, including old manuscripts, architectural items, and reports of annual events that had been passed down in the Reizei family, which was well known as a poetic family, and for the purpose of instructing succeeding generations in the Reizei school of kokin denju, or interpretation of the poetry in the Kokinshu.

Shiigamoto (Beneath the Oak) (椎本) - Shiigamoto is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Shika Wakashu (Shika Collection of Japanese Poems) (詞花和歌集) - Shika Wakashu is the sixth Chokusen Wakashu (anthology of Japanese poetry compiled by Imperial command) of the Hachidaishu (the eight Imperial anthologies of Japanese poetry).

Shikyo (四鏡) - The term "shikyo" refers to the four historical stories (history books with a narrative style) generically known as 'kagami-mono' (mirror works), which includes "O-kagami" (the Great Mirror), "Ima-kagami" (the Mirror of the Present), "Mizu-kagami" (the Water Mirror), and "Masu-kagami" (the Clear Mirror), that appeared between the late Heian period and the early Muromachi period.

Shin Chokusenwakashu (New Imperial Collection) (新勅撰和歌集) - "Shin Chokusenwakashu" is the first collection of the thirteen imperial anthologies of Japanese poetry, and the ninth anthology in aggregate.

Shin Sarugoki (新猿楽記) - Shin Sarugoki is a work written by FUJIWARA no Akihira, a scholar who lived in the mid-Heian period.

Shin Shoku Kokin Wakashu (NEW Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry Continued) (新続古今和歌集) - "Shin Shoku Kokin Wakashu" is an anthology compiled by imperial command in the Muromachi period.

Shinchoko-ki (A Biography of Lord Nobunaga) (信長公記) - Shinchoko-ki (Nobunagako-ki) is a biography of Nobunaga ODA, a feudal lord in the Azuchi-Momoya period in Japan.

Shingosen Wakashu (新後撰和歌集) - Shingosen Wakashu is the 13th imperial anthology of waka (Japanese poetry) by the command of the Emperor Gouda in 1301.

Shingoshui Wakashu (新後拾遺和歌集) - "Shingoshui Wakashu" (New Later Collection of Gleanings) is one of the chokusen wakashu (anthology of Japanese poetry compiled by the Imperial command).

Shinkokin Period (新古今時代) - The Shinkokin period is a literary period that refers to the era of transition from Heian literature (literature in Chuko) to Kamakura literature (medieval literature).

Shinkokushi (The New National History) (新国史) - The Shinkokushi is a national history of Japan that is said to have been compiled in the 10th century, following the "Nihon Sandai Jitsuroku" (Veritable Records of Three Reigns of Japan), the last of the Rikkokushi (Six National Histories).

Shinsen Inu Tsukuba Shu (新撰犬筑波集) - Shinsen Inu Tsukuba shu is a collection of haikairenga (a type of linked verse) that was made during the second half of the Muromachi period.

Shinsen Manyoshu (新撰万葉集) - Shinsen Manyoshu is a personal collection of poetries.

Shinsen Roei Shu (新撰朗詠集) - Shinsen Roei Shu (Newly Selected Collection Singing Poems) is a collection of Chinese poems compiled in Japan.

Shinsen Tsukuba Shu (新撰菟玖波集) - Shinsen Tsukuba Shu is a Jun chokusen renga senshu (anthology of renga) in the late Muromachi era.

Shinsen Waka (新撰和歌) - Shinsen Waka is a personal collection of Japanese poetry.

Shinsengumi Tenmatsuki (新選組顛末記) - Shinsengumi Tenmatsuki was one of the valuable materials on Shinsengumi as an oral history material by Shinpachi NAGAKURA, one of the survivor, one of leading members of Shinsengumi.

Shinsenzai Wakashu (新千載和歌集) - "Shinsenzai Wakashu" (New Collection of Japanese Poetry of a Thousand Years) is one of the chokusen wakashu (anthology of Japanese poetry compiled by Imperial command).

Shinshicho (新思潮) - The Shinshicho (New Tides of Thought) is a Japanese literary magazine.

Shinshosetsu (New Novel) (新小説) - The second phase, April 1896 (April 1896 issue) to November 1926 (December 1926 issue)

Shinshui Wakashu (新拾遺和歌集) - "Shinshui Wakashu" (New Collection of Gleanings) is one of the chokusen wakashu (anthology of Japanese poetry compiled by the Imperial command).

Shinyo Wakashu (Collection of New Pages) (新葉和歌集) - Shinyo Wakashu is a collection of waka poetry compiled during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan).

Shizen-ei (自然詠) - Shizen-ei (poems about nature) is a term for a type of tanka (thirty-one syllable poem) (also used in reference to haiku).

Shizu no iwaya (静之窟) - Shizu no iwaya is a sea cave (approximately 45 m deep and 13 m high) created by coastal erosion in Uotsu, Shizuma-cho, Oda-shi, Shimane Prefecture.

Shizu no iwaya (志都乃石室) - Shizu no iwaya has its origin in a folklore in the myth of the development of the land by Okuninushi no Mikoto and Sukunahikona no Mikoto, and the place was depicted in a Oishi no Suguri no Mahito's poem in Manyoshu (Volume 3-355) "Onamuchi and Sukunahiko lived in Shizu no iwaya; how many generations that have been passed by?"

Shofu (a style of Haikai) (蕉風) - Shofu is a style of Haikai (17-syllable verse), the originator of which is Basho MATSUO.

Shofu-haikai (the right style haikai poetry) (正風俳諧) - "Shofu-haikai" is the word for the concept of haikai (seventeen-syllable verse) which Basho MATSUO completed.

Shoku Kokin Wakashu (Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry, Continued) (続古今和歌集) - "Shoku Kokin Wakashu" is an anthology compiled by imperial command in the Kamakura period, and is the eleventh of the twenty one poetry anthologies.

Shoku Nihon Koki (Later Chronicle of Japan, Continued) (続日本後紀) - Shoku Nihon Koki is a history compiled in 869 during the Heian period in Japan, and is the fourth of the Six National Histories (Rikkokushi).

Shoku Nihongi (Chronicle of Japan Continued) (続日本紀) - Shoku Nihongi is a collection of history books which was compiled by Imperial command in the early Heian period.

Shoku Shui Wakashu (続拾遺和歌集) - Shoku Shui Wakashu is the 12th imperial anthology of waka (Japanese poetry) by the command of the Retired Emperor Kameyama in 1276.

Shoku-Gosen Wakashu (続後撰和歌集) - "Shoku-Gosen Wakashu" is the 10th Imperial poetic anthology compiled by the command of the Retired Emperor Gosaga.

Shokugoshui wakashu (続後拾遺和歌集) - Shokugoshui wakashu is an anthology of poems collected by Imperial command.

Shokusenzai Wakashu (続千載和歌集) - Shokusenzai Wakashu (Waka Collection of a Thousand Years Continued) is the 15th imperial anthology of waka (Japanese poetry) by the command of the Cloistered Emperor Gouda in 1318.

Shokushika wakashu (続詞花和歌集) - Shokushika wakashu is a personal collection of poetry in the late Heian Period.

Shomon Jittetsu (10 representative pupils under Basho MATSUO) (蕉門十哲) - Shomon Jittetsu refers to the 10 particularly excellent pupils among the ones under Basho MATSUO.

Shomonki (将門記) - "Shomonki" is an early war chronicle that details TAIRA no Masakado's War, which occurred in Togoku (the eastern part of Japan, particularly the Kanto region) in the middle of the tenth century.

Shomono (books of commentary on Chinese literary works created from the mid-Muromachi period to the early Edo period) (抄物) - Shomono is a general term for books of commentary on Chinese literary works created from the mid-Muromachi period to the early Edo period.

Shoryoshu (Collected Works of Prose and Poetry of Kukai) (性霊集) - "Shoryoshu" is a collection of poetry and prose which was written by Kukai.

Shua (周阿) - Shua (year of birth unknown - c. 1377) was a renga poet (linked-verse poet) in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan) who belonged to the ordinary people class.

Shugyo Risshihen (Discourses of study for success) (修業立志編) - Shugyo Risshihen is a one of the books written by Yukichi FUKUZAWA.

Shui wakashu (拾遺和歌集) - "Shui wakashu" is the third imperial anthology of Japanese poetry after Kokin wakashu (Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese poems) and Gosen wakashu (Later Collection of Japanese poems), and is the last one of the so called 'Sandai shu' (The Collections of Three Eras).

Shune (俊恵) - Shune (1113 - ca. 1191) was a priest and poet in the late Heian period.

Socho (宗長) - Socho (1448 - April 11, 1532) was a renga (linked-verse) poet of the late Muromachi period.

Sogi (宗祇) - Sogi (1421-September 1, 1502) was a renga (linked-verse) poet of the Muromachi period.

Somon (Love Poetry) (相聞) - Somon is one of the three main poetic categories to constitute the old collection of poetry "Manyoshu" together with Zoka (Miscellaneous Poem) and Banka (Laments).

SONE no Yoshitada (曽禰好忠) - SONE no Yoshitada (year of birth and death unknown) was a poet of the mid-Heian period.

Sorobun (候文) - Sorobun is a style of literary language in Japanese used from the middle ages to the modern times.

Sosei (素性) - Sosei (dates of birth and death unknown, died in 910?) was a poet and a monk who lived during the early and middle Heian period.

Suetsumuhana (The Tale of Genji) (末摘花 (源氏物語)) - Suetsumuhana (The Safflower) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

SUGAWARA no Kiyokimi (菅原清公) - SUGAWARA no Kiyokimi (also "Kiyotomo," 770 -November 26, 842) was the early Heian period court noble and literatus.

SUGAWARA no Takasue no Musume (菅原孝標女) - SUGAWARA no Takasue no musume (1008-ca. after 1059) was a noble woman who lived in the Heian period.

Suma (The Tale of Genji) (須磨 (源氏物語)) - Suma is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Summary of the each chapter of The Tale of Genji (源氏物語各帖のあらすじ) - A brief summary of each chapter of The Tale of Genji.

Suo no Naishi (周防内侍) - Suo no Naishi (c. 1037-1109) was a female waka (a traditional Japanese poem of thirty-one syllables) poet during the late Heian Period.

Suzumushi (鈴虫) - Suzumushi is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

T

Taiheiki (Record of the Great Peace) (太平記) - "Taiheiki" is a work of Japanese literature.

Taikenmonin no Horikawa (待賢門院堀河) - Taikenmonin no Horikawa (dates of birth and death unknown) was a female poet who lived during the late Heian period.

Taiki (台記) - Taiki is a diary of FUJIWARA no Yorinaga, Uji-sadaijin (Minister of the Left).

TAIRA no Kanemori (平兼盛) - TAIRA no Kanemori (date of birth unknown -January 21, 991) was a poet who lived in the mid-Heian period.

TAIRA no Sadafumi (平貞文) - TAIRA no Sadafumi (872? - November 13, 923) was a mid-Heian period poet.

TAIRA no Tadanori (平忠度) - TAIRA no Tadanori was a Japanese military commander in the Heian period.

TAKAHASHI no Mushimaro (高橋虫麻呂) - TAKAHASHI no Mushimaro (year of birth and death unknown) was a contributor to Manyoshu during the Nara Period.

Takamagahara kochihi (高天原故地碑) - Takamagahara kochihi is a stone monument placed at Kaya University in Goryeong-gun, Gyeongbuk, Korea.

Takamanohara (plain of high heaven) (高天原) - Takamanohara (also called Takaamahara/ Takanoamahara/ Takamagahara) is a place where Amatsu kami (god of heaven) lives in the Japanese mythology and norito (Shinto prayer) in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters).

Takasebune (The Boat on the River Takase, a novel) (高瀬舟 (小説)) - "Takasebune" is Ogai MORI's short story.

TAKASHINA no Kishi/Takako (高階貴子) - TAKASHINA no Kishi/Takako (date of birth unknown -October 966) was a female poet who lived in the Heian period.

Takekawa (Bamboo River) (竹河) - Takekawa is a chapter title of "Genji Monogatari "(The Tale of Genji) which has fifty four chapters.

Takekunikoriwake no mikoto (武国凝別命) - Takekunikoriwake no mikoto was a member of the Imperial Family in the Kofun period (tumulus period), and he was written about in "A Record of Ancient Matters," "Chronicles of Japan," and so on.

Taketori Monogatari (The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter) (竹取物語) - It is said that Taketori Monogatari is the oldest tale in Japan.

Takeuchi Monjo (竹内文書) - Takeuchi monjo (or Takenouchi monjo; also called Isohara monjo or Amatsukyo monjo) is the name for a number of documents written in ancient Japanese characters and include their translations in the form of manuscripts written in a mixture of kanji characters and katakana prepared by HEGURI no Matori, the grandson of TAKENOUCHI no Sukune, under the order of Emperor Buretsu and also inscriptions on stones, iron swords, etc.

Tale of China (唐物語) - Kara monogatari (Tales of China) is a collection of Japanese adaptations of ancient Chinese stories in the form of uta monogatari (poem-tale).

Tale of Genji (源氏物語) - "The Tale of Genji" is a Japanese novel written in the mid-Heian period.

Tale of Genji Emaki (源氏物語絵巻) - The Tale of Genji Emaki is a picture scroll depicting the subject matter of The Tale of Genji.

Tale of Heichu (平中物語) - Heichu monogatari (The Tale of Heichu) (written 平中物語 or 平仲物語) is a story told through poems that was completed during the Heian period.

Tale of Shinobine (しのびね) - The Tale of Shinobine refers to a courtly romance which was completed at the end of the Heian period and was subsequently lost, or to an adaptation of a story produced during the period of Southern and Northern Courts (Japan).

Tale of Soga (曽我物語) - The tale of Soga is a war chronicle based on 'Revenge of Soga Brothers.'

Tamakazura (The Tale of Genji) (玉鬘 (源氏物語)) - Tamakazura is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Tamonin Nikki (多聞院日記) - "Tamonin Nikki" (Tamonin Diary), written in Tamonin tatchu (a sub-temple on the site of a main temple) in Kofuku-ji Temple, Nara, was kept for 140 years (from 1478 to 1618) by the authors for three generations, including the monk Eishun.

TANABE no Sakimaro (田辺福麻呂) - TANABE no Sakimaro (year of birth and death unknown) was a contributor to Manyoshu during the Nara Period.

Tanka (短歌) - Tanka (literally, short poems) is a type of waka poetry, and has a five-line poem with the 5-7-5-7-7 syllable structure.

Teishinko-ki (貞信公記) - Teishinko-ki is the diary of Kanpaku Dajodaijin (imperial regent and grand minister) FUJIWARA no Tadahira.

Tenarai (手習) - Tenarai is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Tenchi Kaibyaku (creation of heaven and earth) (天地開闢 (日本神話)) - Tenchi Kaibyaku is a time when the world represented by heaven and earth was first created.

Tensho (天書) - Tensho (literally the 'Book of Heaven', also called Amatsufumi or Amenofumi) is a chronological history that is said to have been compiled by FUJIWARA no Hamanari at the end of the Nara period.

Tenson Korin (the descent to earth of the grandson of the Sun Goddess) (天孫降臨) - Tenson Korin is a legend in Japanese mythology, in which the grandson of Amaterasu (the Sun Goddess) Ninigi received the order to pacify Ashihara no Nakatsukuni (the Central Land of Reed Plains) and descended from heaven in order to rule Ashihara no Nakatsukuni.

Tenson-zoku (Tenson Tribe) (天孫族) - The Tenson-zoku (Tenson tribe) is a generic term for ancient powers that established the Yamato Dynasty, which appears in the Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters) and the Nihonshoki (The Chronicles of Japan) and which is told in Japanese mythology.

Tentoku Dairi Uta-awase (天徳内裏歌合) - Tentoku Dairi Uta-awase (Imperial Palace Poetry Contest in the Tentoku era) was a poetry contest hosted by Emperor Murakami on May 3, 960.

Thirty Six Immortal Women Poets (女房三十六歌仙) - The term "Thirty Six Immortal Women Poets" refers to the thirty-six female poets whose poems were selected for the 'Poetry Contest of the Thirty Six Lady Poets,' which was established in the middle of the Kamakura period.

Thirty-six Master Poets (三十六歌仙) - The Thirty-Six Master Poets is a collective term for the 36 master waka poets included in "the Thirty-six Master Poets Selection" as selected by FUJIWARA no Kinto.

Thousandth Anniversary of the Tale of Genji (源氏物語千年紀) - The thousandth anniversary of the Tale of Genji refers to various events held to commemorate a thousand years since the Tale of Genji was written.

Tokinoriki (時範記) - Tokinoriki is a diary written by a court official named TAIRA no Tokinori during the Heian period.

Tokonatsu (The Wild Carnation) (常夏) - Tokonatsu is one of the 54 chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Tokoyo (eternal night) (常世) - Tokoyo is also known as Kakuriyo (the world of the dead), and it is the holy precincts which is not changed forever.

TOKUDAIJI Sanesada (徳大寺実定) - Sanesada TOKUDAIJI (1139 - February 1, 1192) was a court noble and poet who lived in the closing days of the Heian period and into the Kamakura period.

Tokusanokandakara (十種神宝) - Tokusanokandakara (or Jusshushinpo) are ten kinds of sacred treasures that were handed down by Nigihayahi no Mikoto, sojin (ancestral tutelary) of the Mononobe clan.

Tokushi Yoron (読史余論) - Tokushi Yoron (Lessons from History) is a political history of Japan and historical essay written by Hakuseki ARAI, a scholar and politician of the Edo period.

Tona (頓阿) - Tona (1289-April 17, 1372) was a Japanese monk and waka poet who lived in the final days of the Kamakura period and into the Northern and Southern Court period.

Tonomine Shosho Monogatari (story) (多武峯少将物語) - Tonomine Shosho Monogatari (The Tale of the Lesser Captain of Tonomine) is a story.

Tora Gozen (虎御前) - In 'Sogamonogatari' (the tale of Soga) that deals with the famous story of the Soga brothers' revenge that happened in Fuji no Makigari (Hunting session at Mt. Fuji), Tora Gozen (1175-?) is a heroin and a lover of the elder of the brothers, SOGA no Sukenari, the role added depth and color to the story.

Torikaebaya Monogatari (The Changelings) (とりかへばや物語) - "Torikaebaya Monogatari" is a narrative that was completed in the late Heian period.

Tosa Diary (土佐日記) - In "The Tosa Diary," KI no Tsurayuki wrote about his thoughts and the events that occurred on his journey from Tosa Province to Kyoto.

Tosei Shosei Katagi (当世書生気質) - Tosei shosei katagi (The Character of Modern Students) is a novel written by Shoyo TSUBOUCHI (a nom de plume: Harunoya Oboro).

Toshi Kaden (藤氏家伝) - The "Toshi Kaden" was written in 760.

Toshiyori's Poetic Essentials (俊頼髄脳) - "Toshiyori Zuino" (Toshiyori's Poetic Essentials) is a book with essays on tanka poetry written by MINAMOTO no Toshiyori.

Totsuka no Tsurugi (a sword in the Japanese Myth) (十束剣) - Totsuka no Tsurugi is a sword which appears in the Japanese myth.

Towazugatari (The Confessions of Lady Nijo) (とはずがたり) - Towazugatari is the diary and travel book thought to have been written by Nijo GOFUKAKUSA-IN (Lady Nijo) in the middle or late Kamakura period.

Tsukubashu (菟玖波集) - Tsukubashu is an anthology of renga (linked verse) poems collected under Imperial command in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.

Tsukuri Monogatari (fanciful tale) (作り物語) - Among the Ocho Monogatari (tales from the Heian and Kamakura periods), Tsukuri monogatari refers to the fictitious works in which a story unfolds with a fictitious person as the main character.

Tsurezuregusa (Essays in Idleness) (徒然草) - Tsurezuregusa is an essay which was written by Kenko YOSHIDA, or Kaneyoshi URABE (real name).

TSURUYA Nanboku (鶴屋南北 (4代目)) - Nanboku TSURUYA IV (1755 - December 22, 1829) was a Kabuki playwright during the latter half of the Edo period.

Tsutsuizutsu (Curb of a Well) (筒井筒) - Tsutsuizutsu (also read as tsutsuitsutsu in some cases. It is written as 'tsutsuizutsu'(つつゐづつ) in the old kana notation) is a story in "Ise Monogatari" (The Tales of Ise) and "Yamato Monogatari" (The Tales of Yamato).

Tsutsumi Chunagon Monogatari (堤中納言物語) - Tsutsumi Chunagon Monogatari (The Riverside Counselor's Tales) is a collection of short stories edited in the late Heian period or later in Japan.

U

UEDA Akinari (上田秋成) - Akinari UEDA (July 25, 1734 - August 8, 1809) was a writer of yomihon (books), a poet, an expert in the tea ceremony, a scholar of Japanese classics and a haiku poet in the late Edo period.

Ugetsu Monogatari (Tales of Moonlight and Rain) (雨月物語) - "Ugetsu Monogatari" is a representative yomihon (book for reading) written by Akinari UEDA at the end of the Edo era.

Uji Hachi no Miya (the Eighth Prince) (宇治八の宮) - Uji Hachi no Miya (the Eighth Prince) is one of the fictional characters appearing in "The Tale of Genji" written by Murasaki Shikibu.

Uji Jujo (宇治十帖) - Uji jujo (The Ten Quires of Uji) is the latter half of the third, last part of Genji Monogatari (the Tale of Genji.)

Uji Shui Monogatari (a collection of the Tales from Uji) (宇治拾遺物語) - Uji Shui Monogatari is a collection of setsuwa monogatari (narratives) of medieval Japan that was compiled in the first half of the thirteenth century.

Ukifune (The Tale of Genji) (浮舟 (源氏物語)) - Ukifune is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Ukigumo (Floating Clouds) (FUTABATEI Shimei) (浮雲 (二葉亭四迷)) - "Ukigumo (Floating Clouds)" is a long novel by FUTABATEI Shimei.

Ukiyo Zoshi (stories of the floating world) (浮世草子) - Ukiyo Zoshi is one of the major literary forms in the early Kinsei Bungaku (Japanese Edo period literature).

Ukon (poetess) (右近 (歌人)) - Ukon (year of birth and death unknown) was a poetess of the mid-Heian period.

Uma no naishi (馬内侍) - Uma no naishi (year of birth and death unknown) was a female poet in the mid-Heian period.

Umegae (The Plum Tree Branch) (梅枝) - Umegae is one of the 54 chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Un (Fortune, a novel) (運 (小説)) - "Un" is a novel written by Ryunosuke AKUTAGAWA in his early period.

Unkoku school (雲谷派) - The Unkoku school is a school of painting in the Edo period that was started by its founder Togan UNKOKU.

Urashima Taro (浦島太郎) - Urashima Taro is one of the Ryugu (Dragon Palace) legends which appear all over Japan.

Usugumo (薄雲) - Usugumo (Wisps of Cloud) is the one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Uta Monogatari (Poem Tale) (歌物語) - Uta monogatari (poem tale) is the generic term for narrative literature concerning waka poems.

Utamakura (a place famed in classical Japanese poetry) (歌枕) - Utamakura

Utsuho Monogatari (The tale of the Cavern) (うつほ物語) - Utsuho Monogatari ("うつほ物語," sometimes entitled "宇津保物語") is a full-length tale written in the mid Heian period in Japan.

Utsusemi (The Tale of Genji) (空蝉(源氏物語)) - Utsusemi is the cast-off skin of a cicada (order: Pentatomidae), when it hatches.

V

W

Waka (和歌) - Waka is a fixed form of poem that has been created since Jodai (mainly the Nara period).

Wakamurasaki (若紫) - Wakamurasaki is the title of one of 54 quires of Genji Monogatari (The Tale of Genji).

Wakan konkobun (mixed writing of Japanese and Chinese) (和漢混淆文) - Wakan konkobun was a Japanese writing style generated in the late Heian period.

Wakan Roei Shu (Collection of Sung Japanese and Chinese poems) (和漢朗詠集) - "Wakan Roei Shu" (Collection of Sung Japanese and Chinese poems) is a collection of poetry compiled by FUJIWARA no Kinto.

Wakana (new herbs) (The Tale of Genji) (若菜 (源氏物語)) - Wakana is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Wakashu (a collection of waka [Japanese poetry]) (和歌集) - Wakashu is a collection of waka (Japanese poetry).

Wakatai jisshu (The Ten Styles of Japanese Poetry) (和歌体十種) - "Wakatai jisshu" (The Ten Styles of Japanese Poetry) is a treatise on waka poetry written by MIBU no Tadamine, one of the compilers of Kokin Wakashu (A Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry).

Watsuji Rinrigaku (Ethics) (和辻倫理学) - Watsuji Rinrigaku is the name of the ethical theory developed by Tetsuro WATSUJI.

Waves at Matsushima (Matsushima-zu Byobu) (松島図屏風) - Waves at Matsushima ("Matsushima-zu Byobu")

Western-influenced paintings (洋風画) - Western-influenced paintings were made prior to the Meiji Period before oil painting tools were imported into Japan, and artists could only mimic examples of Western paintings.

X

Y

Yadorigi (宿木) - Yadoriki is one of the 54 chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

YAMABE no Akahito (山部赤人) - YAMABE no AKAHITO (dates of birth and death unknown) was a poet who lived during the Nara Period.

Yamaji no Tsuyu (山路の露) - Yamaji no tsuyu (Dew on the Mountain Road) is one of the sequels to "The Tale of Genji."

YAMANOUE no Okura (山上憶良) - Yamanoue no Okura (660? – 733?) was a poet during the early Nara Period.

Yamasachihiko and Umisachihiko (山幸彦と海幸彦) - Yamasachihiko and Umisachihiko is one of the anecdotes in Japanese mythology.

Yamata no Orochi (the eight-headed monster serpent) (ヤマタノオロチ) - Yamata no Orochi is a legendary creature that appears in Japanese myth.

Yamato Takeru (ヤマトタケル) - Yamato Takeru no Mikoto (written in Chinese characters as 日本武尊, also written as 倭建命 in the "Kojiki" (Records of Ancient Matters)), who was also called Ousu no Mikoto (小碓命, Prince Ousu) and Yamato Oguna (written as 日本童男), is a person who is regarded as the son of Emperor Keiko and the father of Emperor Chuai.

Yatagarasu (八咫烏) - Yatagarasu is a crow with three legs that was sent to Emperor Jinmu by Takamimusubi and led him from Kumanokuni no miyatsuko to Yamato Province on the Jinmu tosei (Eastern expedition of the Emperor Jinmu) in the Japanese mythology.

Yokobue (The Tale of Genji) (横笛 (源氏物語)) - Yokobue (The Flute) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Yomogiu (A Wasteland of Weeds) (蓬生) - Yomogiu is one of the 54 chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

YOSANO Akiko (与謝野晶子) - Akiko YOSANO (与謝野 晶子 or 與謝野晶子 in orthographic style; December 7, 1878 - May 29, 1942) is a kajin (waka poet), novelist, and thinker active during the Meiji through Showa Periods.

Yoshino Tayu (a courtesan of the highest rank) (吉野太夫) - Yoshino Tayu II (April 10, 1606 - October 7, 1643) was a Tayu of Shimabara (later moved to Shimabara), who was said to have been born near the Hoko-ji Temple in Kyoto, and her real name was Tokuko MATSUDA.

Yowa no Nezame (Awaken at Midnight) (夜半の寝覚) - "Yowa no Nezame" is a story of the ocho monogatari (tales of the Heian and Kamakura periods) written in the latter half of the Heian period (supposedly around the latter half of 11th century).

Yugao (The Tale of Genji) (夕顔 (源氏物語)) - Yugao (Evening face) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Yuge no Miko (Prince Yuge) (弓削皇子) - Yuge no Miko (Prince Yuge, year of birth unknown - August 24, 699) was the ninth (or the sixth) prince of Emperor Tenmu.

Yugiri (The Tale of Genji) (夕霧 (源氏物語)) - Yugiri (Evening Mist) is one of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Yume no Ukihashi (夢浮橋) - Ume no Ukihashi is the 54th (last) chapter of the fifty-four chapters of "The Tale of Genji."

Yushi Naishinno-ke no Kii (祐子内親王家紀伊) - Yushi Naishinno-ke no Kii (Kii of Princess Yushi's Household, year of birth and death unknown) was a poetess during the cloistered government period of the Heian period, and a lady-in-waiting to the Imperial Princess Yushi, the daughter of the Emperor Gosuzaku.

Z

Zen-zen Taiheiki (前々太平記) - "Zen-zen Taiheiki"is a war chronicle featuring the history from the Nara Period to the early Heian Period.

Zoki (増基) - Zoki (years of birth and death not known) was a priest and waka poet who lived in the Heian Period.

Zokihoshishu (増基法師集) - "Zokihoshishu" is a collection of Japanese poetry in the Heian Period.

Zoku Kojidan (続古事談) - "The Zoku Kojidan" is a collection of narratives complied during the early Kamakura period.