Emperors

A

Abdication of the throne (譲位) - Abdication of the throne means that a person with the position of a monarch, such as emperor and king, transfers the position to a successor.

Abe no miko (阿閇皇子) - Abe no miko (648 - year of death unknown) was a prince of the Emperor Tenchi.

Aga no himemiko (Princess Aga) (阿雅皇女) - Aga no himemiko (648 - c. 709) was a princess of the Emperor Tenchi.

Agata no Inukai no Hirotoji (県犬養広刀自) - Agata no Inukai no Hirotoji (year of birth unknown - November 8, 762) was the wife of Emperor Shomu.

Ahiratsuhime (吾平津姫) - Ahiratsuhime (吾平津姫) was the wife of Emperor Jinmu.

Aketatsu no o (曙立王) - Aketatsu no o was a member of the Imperial family, who appeared in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters).

Amako no Iratsume (尼子娘) - Amako no Iratsume (year of birth and death unknown) was a daughter of MUNAKATA no Kimi Tokuzen, a Gozoku (local ruling family) of Chikushi Munakata-gun County.

Amatarashihikokuni Oshihito no Mikoto (天足彦国押人命) - Amatarashihikokuni oshihito no mikoto (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial family (the royal family), described in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the "Nihon Shoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Amatoyotsuhime no mikoto (天豊津媛命) - Amatoyotsuhime no mikoto was the Empress of Emperor Itoku, one of the eight emperors living during the Kesshi-Hachidai (Eight Undocumented Sovereigns).

Anahobe no hashihito no himemiko (穴穂部間人皇女) - Anahobe no hashihito no himemiko (year of birth unknown - February 6, 622) was a one of the Imperial Family members during the Asuka period.

Arisugawa no miya (有栖川宮) - Arisugawa no miya was the name of the Miyake (house of an imperial prince) that existed long ago.

Arisugawa no Miya Imperial Prince Takehito (有栖川宮威仁親王) - Arisugawa no Miya Imperial Prince Takehito (February 11, 1862 - July 5, 1913), Japanese Imperial family, soldier.

Arisugawa no Miya Imperial Prince Taruhito (有栖川宮熾仁親王) - Arisugawa no Miya Imperial Prince Taruhito (March 17, 1835 - January 15, 1895) was a member of the Imperial family, a politician, and a military officer between the last days of Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) and the Meiji period.

Ariwara clan (在原氏) - The Ariwara clan originated from Emperor Heizei's Prince, Imperial Prince Abo and Imperial Prince Takaoka's children were demoted from nobility to subject, and they were the clan whose ancestors were from Imperial Family. (Please refer to the Imperial Family members who were demoted from nobility to subject.)

Ashikamino kamami wakenomiko (蘆髪蒲見別王) - Ashikamino kamami wakenomiko was a member of the Imperial family that appears in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan), and he was the son of YAMATO Takeru no Mikoto.

B

Bansei-Ikkei (Unbroken Imperial line) (万世一系) - "Bansei-Ikkei" literally means one family line through all ages.

Bunpo Compromise (文保の和談) - The Bunpo Compromise is an agreement made in 1317, the late Kamakura period, that succession to the throne would alternate between descendants of Emperor Gofukakusa (Jimyoin-to - imperial lineage from Emperor Gofukakusa to Emperor Gokomatsu) and descendants of Emperor Kameyama (Daikakuji-to - imperial lineage starting with Emperor Kameyama) (both were the sons of Emperor Gosaga).

C

Ceremonies in the Imperial Court (皇室の儀式) - Various ceremonies associated with the emperor and Miyake (families allowed to be in status of the Imperial Family) are described below.

Chinkon-sai Festival (mass or ceremony for the repose of a soul) (鎮魂祭) - Chinkon-sai Festival is a ritual ceremony for the repose of an emperor's soul on the day before Niname-sai (the Harvest Festival).

Chinu no Okimi (茅渟王) - Chinu no Okimi (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial (royal) Family between the late sixth century and seventh the century in Japan.

Chiten no Kimi (治天の君) - Chiten no Kimi was the word for the retired emperor or emperor who took control of politics as the head of Imperial Family from ancient times to the Medieval period.

Choku (勅) - Choku is the words of the emperor or a document that directly conveys the emperor's order.

Chokugo (Imperial Rescript) (勅語) - Chokugo means, in principle, the Emperor's verbal expression of his or her intention concerning official matters, and is a type of Shochoku (imperial rescript).

Chokushiden (勅旨田) - Chokushiden is a farm developed under the edict of the Emperor in ancient Japan, it was used to provide funding for the Imperial Household.

Chokushimaki (Imperial pastures) (勅旨牧) - In ancient Japan, Chokushimaki was a ranch developed by the emperor's Chokushi and was used to supply war horses for the Meryo (the section taking care of imperial horses).

Choso (重祚) - Choso means reaccession of retired emperors to the throne.

Chugu (中宮) - Chugu is one of the names given to wives of Japanese emperors.

Cloistered Imperial Prince Chokaku (澄覚法親王) - Cloistered Imperial Prince Chokaku (1219 - 1289) was a chief priest of Sanzen-in Temple of the Tendai sect during the Kamakura Period.

Cloistered Imperial Prince Gyoen (行円法親王) - Cloistered Imperial Prince Gyoen (years of birth and death unknown) was a cloistered imperial prince during the Kamakura and Northern and Southern Court periods.

Cloistered Imperial Prince Gyoen (尭延法親王) - Cloistered Imperial Prince Gyoen (January 31, 1677 - January 19, 1719) was a cloistered imperial prince during the early to mid Edo Period.

Cloistered Imperial Prince Soncho (尊朝法親王) - Cloistered Prince Soncho (September 8, 1552 - March 30, 1597) was the sixth Prince of Fushiminomiya Imperial Prince Kunisuke.

Cloistered Imperial Prince Sonen (尊円法親王) - Cloistered Imperial Prince Sonen (August 1, 1298 - October 7, 1356) was the seventeenth Chief Priest of Shoren-in Temple.

Court Ritual (宮中祭祀) - Court rituals are performed in order for an emperor to pray for peace, security, and prosperity of the nation and people.

Crown prince (皇太子) - Kotaishi' (Crown Prince) is the Japanese word used to refer to the prince that is next in line to the imperial throne in Japan.

Crown princess (皇太子妃) - The crown princess is a person who has the position of the wife of a prince.

D

Daidairi (大内裏) - Daidairi is an Imperial Palace in the ancient capital of Heian.

Daihi (大妃) - Daihi was the empress dowager who was an empress previously.

Daijo Tenno (太上天皇) - Daijo Tenno (the Retired Emperor) is an honorary title awarded to an Emperor who handed over the Imperial Throne to his successor.

Daikakuji-to (大覚寺統) - Daikakuji-to is a royal ancestry between the late Kamakura Period to the Northern and Southern Courts Period and used to oppose to Jimyoin-to.

Daikinban (the imperial standard [flag] for the ceremony of enthronement) (大錦旛) - The Daikinban is made of gold brocade and one of the imperial standards (flags) erected at Sokui no rei (ceremony of enthronement) in the garden in front of Shishinden (hall for state ceremonies).

Daio ohi (大王大妃) - Daio ohi was a grandmother to the king and mother of the previous king.

Dairi (the Imperial palace) (内裏) - "Dairi" is the emperor's private area in the palace of ancient walled city.

Dajo Hoo (Cloistered Retired Emperor) (太上法皇) - Dajo Hoo (also referred to as Daijo Hoo) is a retired emperor (Dajo Tenno) who became a priest.

Deposed/disinheritance of a crown prince (廃太子) - The deposed/disinheritance of a crown prince means to disinherit a heir in an imperial family or royal family.

Doson (Prince of Prince Mochihito) (道尊 (以仁王王子)) - Doson (1175 - 1228) was a member of the Imperial Family and a priest during the end of the Heian period.

E

Emperor (Tenno) (天皇) - It is the royal crest of the Emperor and the Emperor's family.

Emperor Akihito (明仁) - The Emperor Akihito (December 23, 1933-) is the 125th Emperor in Japan.

Emperor Ankan (安閑天皇) - Emperor Ankan (466-January 25, 536) was the 27th Emperor (whose reign lasted from March 10, 531 to December 17, 535).

Emperor Anko (安康天皇) - Emperor Anko (c. 401 - September 24, 456), who reigned from January 28, 454, to September 24, 456, was the twentieth Emperor.

Emperor Annei (安寧天皇) - Emperor Annei (577 B.C.- January 11, 510 B.C.) is the third emperor, who was described in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) (Reign: August 13, 549 B.C. -January 11, 510 B.C.).

Emperor Antoku (安徳天皇) - Emperor Antoku (December 22, 1178 - April 25, 1185) was the eighty-first Emperor.

Emperor Bidatsu (敏達天皇) - Emperor Bidatsu (538?-September 14, 585) was the 30th Emperor (whose reign lasted from April 30, 572 to September 14, 585).

Emperor Buretsu (Muretsu) (武烈天皇) - Emperor Buretsu (489 - January 7, 507) was the twenty-fifth Japanese Emperor (reign: 498 - 507).

Emperor Chokei (長慶天皇) - Emperor Chokei (1343 – September 4, 1394; reign: April 6, 1368 – November 1383) was the ninety-eighth emperor of Japan, who lived in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.

Emperor Chuai (仲哀天皇) - Emperor Chuai (year of birth unknown - March 8, 200) was the fourteenth Emperor of Japan, as recorded in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) (period of reign: February 11, 192 - March 8, 200).

Emperor Chukyo (仲恭天皇) - Emperor Chukyo (October 30, 1218 -June 18, 1234) was the eighty fifth Emperor during the Kamakura period. (his reign was from May 13, 1221 to July 29, 1221.)

Emperor Daigo (醍醐天皇) - Emperor Daigo (February 6, 885 - October 23, 930) was in power during the Heian period.

Emperor Enyu (円融天皇) - Emperor Enyu (April 12, 959 - March 1, 991) was the sixty-fourth Emperor (his reign was November 5, 969 to September 24, 984).

Emperor Fushimi (伏見天皇) - Emperor Fushimi (May 10, 1265 - October 8, 1317) was the ninety-second Japanese Emperor. (his reign was November 27, 1287 - August 30, 1298.)

Emperor Go-Daigo (後醍醐天皇) - Basic Information: Emperor

Emperor Go-Ichijo (後一条天皇) - Emperor Go-Ichijo (October 12, 1008 - May 15, 1036), the sixty-eighth Emperor, reigned during the middle Heian period (from 1016 to 1036).

Emperor Go-Suzaku (後朱雀天皇) - Emperor Go-Suzaku (December 14, 1009 - February 7, 1045), the sixty-ninth Emperor, reigned in the middle Heian period (from 1036 to 1045).

Emperor Go-Toba (後鳥羽天皇) - Emperor Go-Toba (August 6, 1180 - March 28, 1239) (his reign was August 20, 1183 - January 11, 1198) was the eighty-second Emperor, being in power during the end of the Heian period to the early Kamakura period.

Emperor Goenyu (後円融天皇) - Emperor Goenyu (January 11, 1359 - June 6, 1393), his reign was from April 9, 1371 to May 24, 1382, he was the fifth Northern Court Emperor of the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.

Emperor Gofukakusa (後深草天皇) - Emperor Gofukakusa (June 28, 1243 - August 17, 1304) was the eighty ninth Emperor during the Kamakura period (his reign was from February 16, 1246 to January 9, 1259).

Emperor Gofushimi (後伏見天皇) - Emperor Gofushimi (April 5, 1288 - May 17, 1336) was the ninety third Emperor during the Kamakura period (his reign was from August 30, 1298 to March 2, 1301).

Emperor Gohanazono (後花園天皇) - Emperor Gohanazono (July 10, 1419 - January 18, 1471), his reign was from September 7, 1428 to August 21, 1464, he was the hundred and second Emperor during the Muromachi period.

Emperor Gohorikawa (後堀河天皇) - Emperor Gohorikawa (March 22, 1212 - August 31, 1234) was the eighty sixth Emperor during the Kamakura period (his reign was from July 29, 1221 to November 17, 1232).

Emperor Gokameyama (後亀山天皇) - Emperor Gokameyama (1347? - May 10, 1424) was the ninety-ninth Emperor in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan) and the last and fourth Emperor in the Southern Court (reign: November/December 1383 - November 19, 1392).

Emperor Gokashiwabara (後柏原天皇) - Emperor Gokashiwabara (November 19, 1464 - May 19, 1526) was the 104th Emperor, reigning from November 16, 1500 to May 19, 1526 in the Muromachi and Sengoku (warring states) periods, the latter being the period of civil wars between rival daimyo.

Emperor Gokogon (後光厳天皇) - Emperor Gokogon (March 23, 1338 - March 12, 1374), his reign was from September 25, 1352 to April 9, 1371, he was the fourth Emperor of the Northern Court during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.

Emperor Gokomatsu (後小松天皇) - Emperor Gokomatsu (August 1, 1377 - December 1, 1433) was the sixth and last Emperor of the Muromachi period (Northern Court), or the 100th Emperor (his reign was from May 24, 1382 to October 5, 1412).

Emperor Gokomyo (後光明天皇) - Emperor Gokomyo (April 20, 1633 - October 30, 1654), the 110th Emperor, reigned during the Edo period (from November 14, 1643 to October 30, 1654).

Emperor Gomizunoo (後水尾天皇) - Emperor Gomizunoo (June 29, 1596 - September 11, 1680) was the 108th Emperor (his reign lasted from May 9, 1611 to December 22, 1629).

Emperor Gomomozono (後桃園天皇) - Emperor Gomomozono (August 5, 1758 - December 6, 1779) was the hundred eighteenth Emperor during the Edo period. (his reign was from May 23, 1770 to December 16, 1779.)

Emperor Gomurakami (後村上天皇) - Emperor Gomurakami (1328 - April 6, 1368) was the 97th emperor in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (in Japan) and the second emperor of the Southern Court. (He reigned from September 26, 1339 until April 6, 1368).

Emperor Gonara (後奈良天皇) - Emperor Gonara (January 26, 1497 - September 27, 1557) was the hundred fifth Emperor during the Muromachi and the Warring States period; the period of civil wars between rival daimyo. (his reign was from June 9, 1526 to September 27, 1557)

Emperor Gonijo (後二条天皇) - Emperor Gonijo (March 9, 1285 - September 10, 1308) was the ninety-fourth Emperor during Kamakura period. (his reign was from March 3, 1301to September 10, 1308)

Emperor Goreizei (後冷泉天皇) - Emperor Goreizei (August 28, 1025 - May 22, 1068) was the seventieth Japanese Emperor (his reign was from 1045 to 1068).

Emperor Gosaga (後嵯峨天皇) - Emperor Gosaga (April 1, 1220 - March 17, 1272) was the eighty eighth Emperor during the Kamakura period (his reign was from February 21, 1242 to February 16, 1246).

Emperor Gosai (後西天皇) - Emperor Gosai (January 1, 1638 - March 26, 1685), the 111th Emperor, reigned during the Edo period (from January 5, 1655 to March 5, 1663).

Emperor Gosanjo (後三条天皇) - Emperor Gosanjo (September 3, 1034 - June 15, 1073) was the seventy-first Emperor.

Emperor Goshirakawa (後白河天皇) - Emperor Goshirakawa (October 18, 1127 - April 26, 1192), his reign was from August 23, 1155 to September 5, 1158, he was the seventy seventh Emperor in the late Heian Period.

Emperor Gotsuchimikado (後土御門天皇) - Emperor Gotsuchimikado (July 3, 1442 - October 21, 1500), the 103rd Emperor, reigned in the Muromachi period from August 21, 1464 to October 21, 1500.

Emperor Gouda (後宇多天皇) - Emperor Gouda (December 17, 1267 - July 16, 1324) was the ninety first Emperor during the Kamakura period (his reign was from March 6, 1274 to November 27, 1287).

Emperor Goyozei (後陽成天皇) - Emperor Goyozei (December 31, 1571 - September 25, 1617), his reign was from December 17, 1586 to May 9, 1611, he was the hundred and seventh Emperor between the Azuchi-Momoyama period and the Edo period.

Emperor Hanazono (花園天皇) - Emperor Hanazono (August 14, 1297 - December 2, 1348) was the ninety fifth Emperor during the Kamakura period. (his reign was from December 2, 1308 to March 29, 1318.)

Emperor Hanzei (反正天皇) - Emperor Hanzei (circa 336 - February 12, 410) was the eighteenth Emperor who reigned from February 3, 406, to February 12, 410.

Emperor Heizei, Heijo (平城天皇) - Emperor Heizei, Heijo (September 26, 774 - August 5, 824) was the fifty-first Emperor (his reign was from June 8, 806 to May 8, 809).

Emperor Higashiyama (東山天皇) - Emperor Higashiyama (October 21, 1675 - January 16, 1710) was the hundred and thirteenth Emperor during Edo period. (his reign was May 6, 1687 - July 27, 1709)

Emperor Horikawa (堀河天皇) - Emperor Horikawa (August 8, 1079 - August 9, 1107) was the seventy-third Emperor during the late Heian period (his reign was from 1086 - 1107).

Emperor Ichijo (一条天皇) - Emperor Ichijo (July 15, 980 - July 25, 1011) was the sixty-sixth Emperor.

Emperor Ingyo (允恭天皇) - Emperor Ingyo (circa 376 - February 8, 453) was the nineteenth Emperor of Japan (reigned from January, 413, to February 8, 453).

Emperor Itoku (懿徳天皇) - Emperor Itoku (553 B.C. - October 1, 477 B.C.) was the fourth emperor (reign: March 9, 510 B.C.- October 1, 477 B.C.), being described in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇) - Emperor Jimmu (February 13, 711 B.C. ? - April 9, 585 B.C. ?) was legendarily the first emperor in Japan.

Emperor Jomei (舒明天皇) - Emperor Jomei (593? - November 20, 641) was the thirty-fourth emperor in Japan (reigned: February 5, 629 - November 20, 641).

Emperor Junna (淳和天皇) - Emperor Junna (786 - June 7, 840) (his reign was from May 30, 823 to March 22, 833) was the fifty-third Emperor during the early Heian Period.

Emperor Junnin (淳仁天皇) - Emperor Junnin (733 - November 10, 765) was the forty seventh emperor of Japan (the period of reign: September 7, 758 - November 6, 764).

Emperor Juntoku (順徳天皇) - Emperor Juntoku (October 22, 1197 - October 7, 1242) was the eighty fourth Emperor during the Kamakura period.

Emperor Kaika (開化天皇) - Emperor Kaika (208 B.C. – May 21, 98 B.C.) is the ninth emperor (reigned from November 12, 158 B.C. to May 21, 98 B.C.) written in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Emperor Kameyama (亀山天皇) - Emperor Kameyama (July 9, 1249 - October 4, 1305) was the ninetieth Emperor during the Kamakura period (his reign was from January 9, 1259 to March 6, 1274).

Emperor Kammu (桓武天皇) - Emperor Kammu (737 - April 3, 806) was the 50th Japanese Emperor.

Emperor Keiko (景行天皇) - Emperor Keiko (13 B.C. - December 23, A.D. 130) was the twelfth emperor (reign: August 22, A.D. 71-December 23, A.D. 130), being described in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Emperor Keitai (継体天皇) - Emperor Keitai (450 - March 10, 531), the twenty-sixth Japanese emperor, was in power from March 3, 507 to March 10, 531.

Emperor Kenzo (顕宗天皇) - Emperor Kenzo (450 - June 2, 487) was the twenty-third Emperor, described in "Kojiki" (literally, The Record of Ancient Matters), "Nihonshoki" (literally, Chronicles of Japan), and "Harimanokuni Fudoki" (literally, Records of the Culture and Geography of the Harima Province), who reigned from February 1, 485, to June 2, 487.

Emperor Kinmei (欽明天皇) - Emperor Kinmei (509 - May 24, 571) was the 29th emperor of Japan (the reign: December 30, 539 - April 15, 571 [old calendar]).

Emperor Koan (孝安天皇) - Emperor Koan (427 B.C. - February 23, 291 B.C.) was the sixth emperor (reign: February 26, 392 B.C. - February 23, 291 B.C.), being described in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Emperor Kobun (弘文天皇) - Emperor Kobun (648 - August 24, 672) was the 39th emperor (the period of reign: January 12, 672 -August 24, 672).

Emperor Kogen (孝元天皇) - Emperor Kogen (273 B.C. – October 14, 158 B.C.) is the eighth emperor (reigned from February 21, 214 B.C. to October 14, 158 B.C.) written in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Emperor Kogon (光厳天皇) - Emperor Kogon (August 1, 1313 - August 5, 1364), his reign was from October 22, 1331 to July 7, 1333) and he was the first Emperor of Northern Court during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.

Emperor Kokaku (光格天皇) - Emperor Kokaku (September 23, 1771 - December 11, 1840), the 119th Emperor, reigned during the Edo period from December 16, 1779 to May 7, 1817.

Emperor Koko (光孝天皇) - Emperor Koko (830 - September 17, 887) was the fifty-eighth Emperor (his reign was from March 23, 884 to September 17, 887).

Emperor Kokoku (興国天皇) - Emperor Kokoku (September 1328 - March 1397) was an ancestor of Yoshimasa MIURA, who advocated the Legitimate Succession of the Southern Court after World War II, and was the second Emperor of the MIURA Imperial Line.

Emperor Komatsu (小松天皇) - Emperor Komatsu (March 14, 1334 - 1375) was an ancestor of Yoshimasa MIURA, who advocated the Legitimate Succession of the Southern Court after World War II, and was the third Emperor of the Miura Imperial Line.

Emperor Komei (孝明天皇) - Emperor Komei (July 22, 1831 - January 30, 1867) was the Emperor during late Edo period. (the hundred twenty first Emperor, his reign was from March 10, 1846 to January 30, 1867)

Emperor Komyo (光明天皇) - Emperor Komyo (January 11, 1322 - July 26, 1380) his reign was from September 20, 1336 to November 18, 1348, he was the second Emperor of the Northern Court during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.

Emperor Konin (光仁天皇) - Emperor Konin (November 22, 709 - January 15, 782) was the 49th Emperor who reigned from October 27, 770 to May 4, 781.

Emperor Korei (孝霊天皇) - Emperor Korei (342 B.C. – March 23, 215 B.C.) is the seventh emperor (the period of reign: February 15, 290 B.C. – March 23, 215 B.C.) recorded in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Emperor Kosho (孝昭天皇) - Emperor Kosho (506 B.C. - September 5, 393 B.C.) was the fifth emperor (reign: February 21, 475 B.C. - September 5, 393 B.C.), being described in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Emperor Kotoku. (孝徳天皇) - Emperor Kotoku (596 - November 24, 654) was the thirty-sixth Emperor of Japan (reign: July 12, 645 - November 24, 654).

Emperor Matsunaga (松良天皇) - Emperor Matsunaga (August 8, 1364 - May 24, 1417) was an ancestor of Yoshimasa MIURA, who advocated the orthodoxy of the Southern Court after World War II, and was the fourth Emperor of the MIURA Imperial Line.

Emperor Meiji (明治天皇) - Emperor Meiji (November 3, 1852 - July 30, 1912) was the hundred and twenty second Emperor. (his reign was 1867 - 1912)

Emperor Momozono (桃園天皇) - Emperor Momozono (April 14, 1741 - August 31, 1762) was the hundred sixteenth Emperor during the Edo period. (his reign was from June 9, 1747 to August 31, 1762.)

Emperor Monmu (文武天皇) - Emperor Monmu (683 - July 18, 707) was the forty-second Emperor (who reigned from September 7, 697, to July 18, 707).

Emperor Montoku (文徳天皇) - Emperor Montoku (827 - October 7, 858), the fifty-fifth Emperor, reigned from May 31, 850 to October 7, 858.

Emperor Murakami (村上天皇) - Emperor Murakami (July 14, 926 - July 5, 967) reigned in the mid-Heian period (from May 31, 946 to July 5, 967).

Emperor Nakamikado (中御門天皇) - Emperor Nakamikado (January 14, 1702 - May 10, 1737), his reign was From July 27, 1709 to April 13, 1735, he was the hundred fourteenth Emperor during Edo period.

Emperor Nan (南天皇) - Emperor Nan (year of birth unknown-January 24, 1459) was an emperor of the Gonan-cho Dynasty.

Emperor Nijo (二条天皇) - Emperor Nijo (July 31, 1143 - September 5, 1165) was the seventy-eighth Emperor (his reign was from September 5, 1158 to August 3, 1165).

Emperor Nimmyo (仁明天皇) - Emperor Nimmyo (810 - May 6, 850), the fifty-fourth Emperior, reigned from March 30, 833 to May 4, 850 (in the early Heian period).

Emperor Ninken (仁賢天皇) - Emperor Ninken (449 – September 9, 498) was the twenty-fourth emperor of Japan (who reigned from February 4, 488, to September 9, 498.)

Emperor Ninko (仁孝天皇) - Emperor Ninko (March 16, 1800 - February 21, 1846) was the 120th Emperor (his reign was from October 31, 1817 to February 21, 1846).

Emperor Nintoku (仁徳天皇) - Emperor Nintoku (257-February 7, 399) was the sixteenth Emperor of Japan, who was in the reign from February 14, 313 to February 7, 399.

Emperor Ogimachi (正親町天皇) - Emperor Ogimachi (June 18, 1517 - February 6, 1593) was the 106th Emperor (his reign was from November 17, 1557 to December 17, 1586).

Emperor Ojin (応神天皇) - Emperor Ojin (January 5, 201-March 31, 310) was the fifteenth Emperor, who was in the reign from February 8, 270 to March 31, 310.

Emperor Organ Theory (天皇機関説) - The Emperor Organ Theory (Tenno kikan setsu) is a theory from the Study of Constitution about Emperor, and it was established under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan.

Emperor Reigen (霊元天皇) - Emperor Reigen (July 9, 1654 - September 24, 1732) was the 112th Emperor, counting from Emperor Jimmu.

Emperor Reizei (冷泉天皇) - Emperor Reizei (June 12, 950 - November 21, 1011) was the sixty-third emperor (his reign was in the mid-Heian period, from November 15, 967 to September 27, 969).

Emperor Richu (履中天皇) - Emperor Richu (circa 336 - April 29, 405) was the seventeenth Emperor who reigned from March 12, 400, to April 29, 405.

Emperor Rokujo (六条天皇) - Emperor Rokujo (December 28, 1164 - August 23, 1176) was the seventy-ninth Emperor in Japan. (his reign was from August 3, 1165 to March 30, 1168.)

Emperor Saga (嵯峨天皇) - Emperor Saga (October 3, 786 - August 24, 842) was the fifty-second Emperor (his reign lasted from May 8, 809 to May 29, 823).

Emperor Sakuramachi (桜町天皇) - Emperor Sakuramachi (February 8, 1720 - May 28, 1750), the 115th Emperor, reigned during the Edo period (from April 13, 1735 to June 9, 1747).

Emperor Sanjo (三条天皇) - Emperor Sanjo (February 5, 976 - June 5, 1017) was the sixty-seventh Emperor.

Emperor Seimu (成務天皇) - Emperor Seimu (84 – July 29, 190) was the 13th emperor (reigned from February 18, 131 to July 29, 190) written in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Emperor Seinei (清寧天皇) - Emperor Seinei (c. 444 - February 27, 484), who reigned from February 11, 480, to February 27, 484, was the twenty-second Emperor of Japan.

Emperor Seiwa (清和天皇) - Emperor Seiwa (May 10, 850 - January 7, 881) was the fifty-sixth Emperor (he reigned during the early Heian period).

Emperor Senka (宣化天皇) - Emperor Senka (467-March 15, 539) was the 28th Emperor (whose reign lasted from January 14, 537 to March 15, 539).

Emperor Shijo (四条天皇) - Emperor Shijo (March 17, 1231 - February 10, 1242) was the eighty seventh Emperor (his reign was from October 26, 1232 to February 10, 1242).

Emperor Shoko (称光天皇) - Emperor Shoko (May 12, 1401 - August 30, 1428), his reign was from October 5, 1412 to August 30, 1428, he was the hundred and first Emperor of the Muromachi period.

Emperor Shomu (聖武天皇) - The Emperor Shomu (701 - June 8, 756, reign: March 7, 724 - August 23, 749) was the 45th Emperor in Nara Period.

Emperor Suinin (垂仁天皇) - Emperor Suinin (January 26, 69 B.C. - August 8, 70) was the eleventh emperor according to "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) (reigning from February 2, 29 B.C. to August 6, 70).

Emperor Suizei (綏靖天皇) - Emperor Suizei (632 B.C. ? - June 28, 549 B.C. ?) was the second emperor (tenure: February 23, 581 B.C. ? - June 28, 549 B.C. ?) of Japan.

Emperor Sujin (崇神天皇) - Emperor Sujin (148 B.C. - January 9, 29 B.C.) was the tenth emperor of Japan (reigned from February 17, 97 B.C. to January 9, 29 B.C.) recorded in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihon Shoki" (The Chronicles of Japan).

Emperor Suko (崇光天皇) - Emperor Suko (May 25, 1334 - January 31, 1398), his reign was from November 18, 1348 to November 26, 1351, he was the third Emperor of the Northern Court during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.

Emperor Sushun (崇峻天皇) - Emperor Sushun (Year of birth unknown - December 12, 592), the thirty-second Japanese Emperor, was in power from September 9, 587 to December 12, 592.

Emperor Sutoku (崇徳天皇) - Emperor Sutoku (July 7, 1119 - September 14, 1164) was the seventy-fifth Japanese Emperor (his reign lasted from 1123 to 1142).

Emperor Suzaku (朱雀天皇) - Emperor Suzaku (September 7, 923 - September 6, 952) was the sixty-first Emperor (his reign was from December 14, 930 to May 16, 946).

Emperor Takakura (高倉天皇) - Emperor Takakura (September 23, 1161 - February 6 1181, his reign was from March 30, 1168 to March 18, 1180, cloister government was 1180), he was the eightieth Emperor.

Emperor Tenchi (Tenji) (天智天皇) - Emperor Tenchi (Tenji)

Emperor Tenmu (天武天皇) - According to "the Kotofu" (the genealogy of the Imperial Family), the Emperor Tenmu (631 - October 1, 686) is the 40th emperor of Japan. (rein: March 20, 673 - Oct 1, 686)

Emperor Toba (鳥羽天皇) - Emperor Toba (February 24, 1103 - July 20, 1156) was the seventy-fourth Emperor in the late Heian period (his reign was from 1107 - 1123).

Emperor Tsuchimikado (土御門天皇) - Emperor Tsuchimikado (January 3, 1196 - November 6, 1231) was the eighty-third Emperor during the Kamakura period. (his reign was from February 18, 1198 to December 12, 1210.)

Emperor Uda (宇多天皇) - Emperor Uda (June 14, 867 - September 8, 931), the fifty-ninth Japanese Emperor, was in power from December 9, 887 to August 8, 897.

Emperor Yomei (用明天皇) - Emperor Yomei (circa 540 - May 21, 587) was the thirty-first Emperor (reigned from October 3, 585, to May 21, 587).

Emperor Yozei (陽成天皇) - Emperor Yozei (January 2, 869 - October 23, 949), the fifty-seventh Emperor, reigned from November 29, 876 to February 4, 884.

Emperor Yuryaku (雄略天皇) - Emperor Yuryaku (January 419 – September 9, 479; reign: December 26, 456 – September 9, 479) was the twenty-first emperor of Japan.

Emperor's Birthday (天皇誕生日) - The Emperor's Birthday is one of Japanese national holidays.

Empire Day (Kigensetsu) (紀元節) - Empire Day was established as a national holiday on which, according to "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan), Emperor Jinmu ascended the throne.

Empress (皇后) - Empress is the wife of the emperor.

Empress Dowager Shoken (昭憲皇太后) - Empress Dowager Shoken (May 9, 1849 – April 9, 1914) was a member of the Japanese Imperial family.

Empress Genmei (元明天皇) - Empress Genmei (also known as Empress Genmyo) (661 – December 29, 721) was the first tenno (emperor) in the Nara period and the forty-third tenno (empress regnant) who reigned from August 18, 707 – October 3, 715).

Empress Gensho (元正天皇) - Empress Gensho (680 – May 22, 748) was the forty-fourth emperor of Japan (empress regnant who reigned from October 3, 715, to March 3, 724), who lived in the Nara period.

Empress Gosakuramachi (後桜町天皇) - Empress Gosakuramachi (September 23, 1740 - December 24, 1813) was the hundred seventeenth Emperor, her reign was from September 15, 1762 - January 9, 1771.

Empress Jingu (神功皇后) - Empress Jingu (A.D. 170 - June 3, A.D. 269) was a wife of Emperor Chuai.

Empress Jito (持統天皇) - Empress Jito (645 – January 17, 703) was the forty-first imperial ruler (empress regnant) of Japan.

Empress Kogyoku. (皇極天皇) - Empress Kogyoku (594 - August24, 661) was the thirty-fifth Emperor of Japan (reign: February 19, 642 - July 12, 645).

Empress Koken (孝謙天皇) - Empress Koken (718 - August 28, 770), the forty-sixth Japanese Emperor, was in power from August 19, 749 to September 7, 758.

Empress Komyo (光明皇后) - Empress Komyo (701 - July 27, 760) was a person in the Nara period.

Empress Meisho (明正天皇) - Empress Meisho (January 9, 1624 - December 4, 1696) was the hundred-ninth Emperor. (her reign was from December 22, 1629 to November 14, 1643.)

Empress Suiko (推古天皇) - Prior to her ascending the throne, her name was Nukatabe no Himemiko (Imperial Princess Nukatabe).

Empress Teimei (貞明皇后) - Empress Teimei (June, 25, 1884 - May 17, 1951) belonged to the Imperial Family of Japan.

F

Female Emperor (女性天皇) - It means Emperor who was woman.

Female-line Emperor (女系天皇) - The term "Female-line Emperor" (Jokei Tenno) refers to an Emperor of Japan who is a descendent of the imperial line only on his/her mother's side; such an emperor may also be referred to as a `Mother-line Emperor.'

Five kings of Wa (倭の五王) - The five kings of Wa refer to San (讃), Chin (珍), Sai (済), Ko (興) and Bu (武) who paid tribute to the Eastern Jin and Song (Southern Dynasty) in the period of the Northern and Southern Dynasties (China) in 5th century and received sakuho (homage by Chinese emperors) as 'King of Wa'.

Former Imperial Family (旧皇族) - The former Imperial Family is the colloquial term of Imperial Family members who ceased to be a member of the Imperial Family in 1947, consisted of 51 members of 11 Miyake (house of an imperial prince) and their male descendants.

FUJIWARA no Genshi (藤原げん子) - FUJIWARA no Genshi (Motoko) (August 21, 1016 - September 25, 1039) was an empress consort in the middle of the Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Inshi (藤原胤子) - FUJIWARA no Inshi (Taneko) (year of her birth is unclear - August 16, 896) was the daughter of Naidaijin (the Minister of the Center) FUJIWARA no Takafuji.

FUJIWARA no Ishi (藤原威子) - FUJIWARA no Ishi (Takeko) (February 6, 1000 - October 4, 1036) was the fourth daughter of FUJIWARA no Michinaga, who held the title of Sessho (regent).

FUJIWARA no Ishi (藤原苡子) - FUJIWARA no Ishi, 1076 - March 12, 1103, was an Imperial consort during the late Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Kinshi (藤原忻子) - FUJIWARA no Kinshi (also known as Yoshiko) (1134-September 19, 1209) was an empress during the end of the Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Kishi (藤原嬉子) - FUJIWARA no Kishi (Yoshiko) (February 1, 1007 - September 5, 1025) was the sixth daughter of Sessho (Regent) FUJIWARA no Michinaga.

FUJIWARA no Masaruko (藤原多子) - FUJIWARA no Masaruko (1140 - January 19, 1202) was the Empress at the end of the Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Miyako (藤原宮子) - FUJIWARA no Miyako (year of birth unknown - August 11, 754) was the first daughter of FUJIWARA no Fuhito.

FUJIWARA no Moshi (藤原茂子) - FUJIWARA no Moshi (Shigeko) (the birth year is unknown - August 5, 1062) was the Empress of the 71st Emperor Gosanjo while he was Crown Prince, and 72nd Emperor Shirakawa's birth mother.

FUJIWARA no Nobuko (藤原順子) - FUJIWARA no Nobuko (809 - November 11, 871) was a nyogo (imperial consort) of the 54th Emperor Ninmyo.

FUJIWARA no Onshi (藤原穏子) - FUJIWARA no Onshi/Yasuko (885 - February 9, 954) was a daughter of FUJIWARA no Mototsune.

FUJIWARA no Otomuro (藤原乙牟漏) - FUJIWARA no Otomuro (760 - April 28, 790) was an Empress in the late Nara period.

FUJIWARA no Seishi (藤原せい子) - FUJIWARA no Seishi (also known as Sukeko, 972 - May 1, 1025) was the Empress of the sixty-seventh Emperor Sanjo during the middle of the Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Shokushi (藤原殖子) - FUJIWARA no Shokushi (Taneko) (1157 - October 22, 1228) was the Empress consort of Emperor Takakura.

FUJIWARA no Shoshi (藤原璋子) - FUJIWARA no Shoshi, also pronounced Tamako (1101 - September 10, 1145) was the mother of the emperor in the late Heian period.

Fujiwara no Taishi (藤原泰子) - Fujiwara no Taishi, also pronounced Yasuko (1095 - January 10, 1156) was the Empress, Nyoin (an honorific title for the mother of emperor(s), etc.) during late Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Takaiko (藤原高子) - FUJIWARA no Takaiko (842 - April 18, 910) was the Nyogo (imperial consort) of Emperor Seiwa during the Heian period.

FUJIWARA no Yoshiko (藤原吉子) - FUJIWARA no Yoshiko (year of birth unknown - December 18, 807) was the consort of the Emperor Kanmu from the late Nara period to the early Heian period.

Fukai-no-Joten/ Fukaijoten (Irreversible Permanent Code/ Irreversible Eternal Code) (不改常典) - Fukai-no-Joten/ Fukaijoten (Irreversible Permanent Code/ Irreversible Eternal Code) is a law frequently referred to in the enthronement address of Japanese successive emperors since the year 707, and is said to have been established by Emperor Tenchi (his name is also pronounced "Tenji").

FUNYA no Kiyomi (文室浄三) - FUNYA no Kiyomi (693 - October 31, 770) was a member of the Imperial Family in the Nara period (Later demoted from nobility to subject.)

Furuhito no Oe no Miko (古人大兄皇子) - Furuhito no Oe no Miko (year of birth unknown - October 7, 645) was a member of the Imperial family in the Asuka period.

Fushimi no Miya (伏見宮) - Fushimi no Miya is one of the Miyake (house of imperial prince).

FUSHIMINOMIYA Imperial Prince Kuninobu (伏見宮邦房親王) - Imperial Prince Kuninobu FUSHIMINOMIYA (Mayl 3, 1566 - January 6, 1622) was a prince of imperial blood who lived from the Sengoku (warring states) period into the early Edo period.

Fushiminomiya Imperial Prince Sadafusa (伏見宮貞成親王) - Fushiminomiya Imperial Prince Sadafusa (April 9, 1372 - September 28, 1456) was a member of the Imperial family during the Muromachi period.

Fushiminomiya Imperial Prince Sadatake (伏見宮貞建親王) - Fushiminomiya Imperial Prince Sadatake (January 29, 1701 - September 7, 1754) was a member of the Imperial Family who lived during the middle of the Edo period.

G

Genshisai (shinto festival of origins) (元始祭) - Genshi-sai Festival (the Shinto festival of origins) is one of taisaijitsu (the days when grand festivals are held) in the prewar public holiday system.

Giving the title of Imperial Prince (親王宣下) - Giving the title of Imperial Prince is to give the title of Imperial Prince or Imperial Princess to the children of the Imperial family.

Goryosha (御料車) - Goryosha is a car which is designed for the Japanese Emperor and the Imperial family.

Goshogo (御称号) - Goshogo is a title given to an Imperial family in Japan.

Goyotei (Imperial Villa) (御用邸) - Goyotei is a villa of imperial family or royalty of Japan.

Grand Empress Dowager (太皇太后) - Grand empress dowager is an honorific title for the legal wife (Empress) of the late Emperor but one or for the grandmother of the present Emperor.

Gyobutsu (御物) - Gyobutsu

Gyoko (行幸) - "Gyoko" (Miyuki) is a Japanese term used to refer to the visit of the Emperor.

H

Hachijonomiya Imperial Prince Toshihito (八条宮智仁親王) - Hachijonomiya Imperial Prince Toshihito (February 3, 1579 - May 29, 1629) was a member of the imperial family who lived from the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) to the early Edo period.

Hachijonomiya Imperial Prince Toshitada (八条宮智忠親王) - Hachijonomiya Imperial Prince Toshitada (November 24, 1620 - August 20, 1662) was a member of the Japanese Imperial Family who lived in the early Edo period.

Hashihito no Himemiko (間人皇女) - Hashihito no Himemiko (year of birth unknown - March 16, 665) was an Imperial Family member during the Asuka period.

Hatsusebe no himemiko (Princess Hatsusebe) (泊瀬部皇女) - Hatsusebe no himemiko (before 686? to 741) was a member of the Imperial Family who lived in the Asuka period.

Hi (妃) - Hi was one of the empress's title in Kokyu palace (which is an imperial harem including the empress's residence).

Hibasuhime no mikoto (日葉酢媛命) - Hibasuhime no mikoto was a member of the Imperial family, who appears in the legend ("Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan)).

HIGASHIFUSHIMI Jigo (東伏見慈洽) - Jigo HIGASHIFUSHIMI (May 16, 1910 -) is a Buddhist monk in Japan.

HIKAMI no Kawatsugu (氷上川継) - HIKAMI no Kawatsugu (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family between the Nara period and the early Heian period.

HIKAMI no Otoji (氷上大刀自) - HIKAMI no Otoji (year of birth unknown - 682) was a daughter of FUJIWARA no Kamatari.

HIKAMI no Shikeshimaro (氷上志計志麻呂) - HIKAMI no Shikeshimaro (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family in the Nara period.

Hikofutsuoshinomakoto no Mikoto (彦太忍信命) - Hikofutsuoshinomakoto no mikoto (彦太忍信命: year of birth and death unknown) was a member of Imperial family (Royal family), who appears in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Hikohitooe no mikoto (彦人大兄命) - Hikohitooe no mikoto or Oeo was a member of the Imperial family who lived during the Kofun period (tumulus period).

Hikosashima no Mikoto (彦狭島命) - Hikosashima no Mikoto (Hikosashima [written as Hikosamema in Kojiki (The Records of Ancient Matters)] no mikoto) was a member of the Imperial family who lived during the Kofun period (tumulus period).

Hikoushio (彦主人王) - Hikoushio (also pronounced Hikousi no Okimi; date of birth and death unknown) was a member of an Imperial family (royal family) in fifth century.

Hikoyai no Mikoto (日子八井命) - Hikoyai no mikoto (日子八井命, year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial family, who appears in the Japanese Myth.

Himemiko (Imperial Princess) (皇女) - Himemiko (also referred to as Ojo or Kojo) is the naming of daughters of Tennoo (emperor).

Hiogi wooden fan (檜扇) - Hiogi is a fan made of wood that was used in the Imperial court.

Hogyo (demise) (崩御) - Hogyo refers to the death of emperors, czar, kings, grand empress dowagers, empress dowagers, empresses, and other monarchs euphemistically and respectfully.

Hokurokunomiya (北陸宮) - Hokurokunomiya (1165 - August 17, 1230) was an Imperial family member between the late Heian period to the early Kamamura period.

Homutsuwake no mikoto (誉津別命) - Homutsuwake no mikoto (誉津別命: year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial family (Royal family), who appears in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan).

Honcho Koin Joun roku (本朝皇胤紹運録) - Honcho Koin Joun roku is a genealogy of Emperors and Imperial Families.

Hoshikawa no Wakamiya no miko (星川稚宮皇子) - Hoshikawa no Wakamiya no miko (year of birth unknown - 479), was a member of the Imperial family (Royal family), who is said to have lived in the Kofun period (tumulus period) according to "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

I

ICHIJO Tomiko (一条富子) - Tomiko ICHIJO (February 27, 1743-January 9, 1796) was the Empress Dowager during the middle of the Edo period.

Ichishihime no Okimi (壱志姫王) - Ichishihime no Okimi (year of birth and death unknown) was a person from the Asuka period.

Iitoyo no himemiko. (飯豊青皇女) - Iitoyo no himemiko (440? - 484) was one of Imperial family (the royal family) during the end of fifth century, according to "A Record of Ancient Matter" and "Chronicles of Japan."

Ikisomimi no mikoto (息石耳命) - Ikisomimi no mikoto (or Okisomimi no mikoto, the date of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial family who appears in 'Nihonshoki' (Chronicles of Japan) who lived during the Kofun period (tumulus period).

Imperial Family (皇族) - The definition of an imperial family depends on the historical timeframe and the country concerned, but in general it refers to the emperor's male family members and their spouses.

Imperial House Act (皇室典範) - Imperial House Act is a law of Japan, institution of which was indirectly obligated by the Constitution of Japan and which establishes the system, composition, and the like of the Imperial family, such as an order of succession of the Imperial Throne.

Imperial Household Agency (宮内庁) - The Imperial Household Agency (called Kunai-cho in Japanese) is one of the administrative agencies in Japan.

Imperial Mausoleum (天皇陵) - An imperial mausoleum is a grave designated as an emperor's grave by the Imperial Household Agency.

Imperial paper (勅旨) - Imperial paper is an official document written emperor's order in the Ritsuryo system.

Imperial Prince (Fushiminomiya) Fushimi Sadanaru (伏見宮貞愛親王) - Imperial Prince Fushimi Sadanaru (Fushiminomiya Sadanarushinno) was (June 9, 1858 to February 4, 1923) a Japanese Imperial family and a member of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).

Imperial Prince Abo (阿保親王) - Imperial Prince Abo (792 - December 1, 842) was a member of the Imperial Family during the Heian period.

Imperial Prince Akihira (昭平親王) - Imperial Prince Akihira (954 - August 7, 1013) was an Imperial family member in the Heian period.

Imperial Prince Akinari (昭登親王) - Imperial Prince Akinari (998 - May 23, 1035) was a member of the Imperial Family in the Heian period.

Imperial Prince and Monk Ryojun (良純入道親王) - Imperial Prince and Monk Ryojun (January 18, 1604 - August 27, 1669) was a member of the Imperial family of the early Edo Period.

Imperial Prince Arisugawa-no-miya Orihito (有栖川宮織仁親王) - Imperial Prince Arisugawa-no-miya Orihito (August 19, 1754 – April 2, 1820) was a member of the Imperial family who lived in the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Arisugawa-no-miya Tadahito (有栖川宮正仁親王) - Arisugawa-no-miya Imperial Prince Tadahito (March 6, 1694 – November 7, 1716) was a member of the Imperial family who lived in the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Arisugawa-no-miya Tsunahito (有栖川宮韶仁親王) - Arisugawa-no-miya Imperial Prince Tsunahito (January 29, 1785 - April 4, 1845) was a member of the Imperial family who lived in the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Arisugawa-no-miya Yukihito (有栖川宮幸仁親王) - Imperial Prince Arisugawa-no-miya Yukihito (April 9, 1656 – August 20, 1699) was a member of the Imperial family who lived in the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Arisugawanomiya Takahito (有栖川宮幟仁親王) - Imperial Prince Arisugawanomiya Takahito (February 17, 1812 - January 24, 1886) was a member of the imperial family from the end of Edo period to Meiji period.

Imperial Prince Arisugawanomiya Yorihito (有栖川宮職仁親王) - Imperial Prince Arisugawanomiya Yorihito (October 28, 1713 - November 19, 1769) was a member of the Imperial family during the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Atsuakira (敦明親王) - Imperial Prince Atsuakira (June 25, 994 - February 27, 1051) was the first prince of the sixty seventh Emperor Sanjo, and his mother was Empress FUJIWARA no Seishi, the daughter of FUJIWARA no Naritoki.

Imperial Prince Atsumi (敦実親王) - Imperial Prince Atsumi (893 - April 14, 967) was the 8th prince of the Emperor Uda.

Imperial Prince Atsumichi (敦道親王) - Imperial Prince Atsumichi (981 - November 20, 1007) was kajin (waka poet) from the Imperial Family during the middle of the Heian period.

Imperial Prince Fushimi-no-miya Kuninari (伏見宮邦尚親王) - Imperial Prince Fushimi-no-miya Kuninari (1615 - January 17, 1654) was a member of the Imperial family who lived in the early Edo period.

Imperial Prince Fushimi-no-miya Kunitada (伏見宮邦忠親王) - Imperial Prince Fushimi-no-miya Kunitada (January 20, 1732 - June 26, 1759) was a member of the Imperial family who lived in the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Fushimi-no-miya Sadamochi (伏見宮貞行親王) - Imperial Prince Fushimi-no-miya Sadamochi (April 9, 1760 - July 20, 1772) was a member of the Imperial family who lived in the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kuniie (伏見宮邦家親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kuniie (November 19, 1802 - September 7, 1872) was a member of the Imperial family at the end of Edo Period in Japan.

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kunimichi (伏見宮邦道親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kunimichi (1641 - September 1, 1654) was a member of the Imperial family in the early Edo period.

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kuninaga (伏見宮邦永親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kuninaga (May 10, 1676 - November 14, 1726) was a member of the Imperial family in the middle of the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kunisuke (伏見宮邦輔親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kunisuke (April 25, 1513 - April 18, 1563) was an Imperial family member during the Sengoku period (period of warring states).

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kunitaka (伏見宮邦高親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kunitaka (March 8, 1456 - April 24, 1532) was an Imperial family member during the late Muromachi period.

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kuniyori (伏見宮邦頼親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kuniyori (December 4, 1733 - October 4, 1802) was a member of the Imperial family in the Edo Period.

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadaatsu (伏見宮貞敦親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadaatsu (March, 1488 - September 2, 1572) was the Imperial family member during the Sengoku period (period of warring states).

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadakiyo (伏見宮貞清親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadakiyo (1596 - August 16, 1654) was a member of the Imperial family in the early Edo period.

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadanori (伏見宮貞教親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadanori (October 26, 1836 - December 16, 1862) was a member of the Imperial family during the late Edo Period.

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadatsune (伏見宮貞常親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadatsune (January 27, 1426 - August 15, 1474) was an Imperial family member during the Muromachi period.

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadayasu (伏見宮貞康親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadayasu (February 1, 1547 - May 11, 1568) was an Imperial family member during the Sengoku period (period of warring states).

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadayuki (伏見宮貞敬親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadayuki (January 1, 1776 - February 12, 1841) was a member of the Imperial family in the Edo Period.

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadayuki (伏見宮貞致親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Sadayuki (July 14, 1632 - June 10, 1694) was a member of the Imperial family during the early Edo period.

Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Yoshihito (伏見宮栄仁親王) - Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Yoshihito

Imperial Prince Hachijo-no-miya Naohito (八条宮尚仁親王) - Imperial Prince Hachijo-no-miya Naohito (December 10, 1671 – September 19, 1689) was a member of the Imperial family who lived in the early Edo period.

Imperial Prince Hachijo-no-miya Osahito (八条宮長仁親王) - Imperial Prince Hachijo-no-miya Osahito (June 18, 1655 - August 16, 1675) was a member of the Japanese imperial family who lived in the early Edo period.

Imperial Prince Hachijonomiya Yasuhito (八条宮穏仁親王) - Imperial Prince Hachijonomiya Yasuhito (June 15, 1643 - November 9, 1665) was a member of the Imperial family in the early Edo period.

Imperial Prince Hirohira (広平親王) - Imperial Prince Hirohira (950 - October 6, 971) was a member of the Imperial Family and the first Prince of Emperor Murakami during the Heian period.

Imperial Prince Iyo (伊予親王) - Imperial Prince Iyo (? - December 18, 807) is believed to be the third Imperial Prince of Emperor Kanmu, but there are different theories.

Imperial Prince Kachonomiya Hirotsune (華頂宮博経親王) - Imperial Prince Kachonomiya Hirotsune (April 19, 1851-May 24, 1876) was a member of the Imperial family of Japan and a military man of the Imperial Japanese Navy.

Imperial Prince Kagosaka (Kagosaka no Miko) (かご坂皇子) - Imperial Prince Kagosaka (Kagosaka no Miko; his date of birth is unknown; he died in February, 201) appeared in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) as an Imperial family (royal family) during Kofun period (tumulus period) of Japan.

Imperial Prince Kaneakira (兼明親王) - Imperial Prince Kaneakira (914 - 987) was a member of the Imperial Family during the Heian period.

Imperial Prince Kanenaga (懐良親王) - Imperial Prince Kanenaga (Kaneyoshi) (c. 1329 - May 8, 1383) was the prince of Emperor Godaigo.

Imperial Prince Kanin-no-miya Haruhito (閑院宮美仁親王) - Imperial Prince Kanin-no-miya Haruhito (January 4, 1758 – November 4, 1818) was a member of the Imperial family who lived in the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Kanin-no-miya Naruhito (閑院宮愛仁親王) - Imperial Prince Kanin-no-miya Naruhito (February 17, 1818 – October 20, 1842) was a member of the Imperial family who lived in the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Kaninnomiya Naohito (閑院宮直仁親王) - Imperial Prince Kaninnomiya Naohito (October 7, 1704 - July 3, 1753) was a member of the Imperial Family in the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Kaninnomiya Tatsuhito (閑院宮孝仁親王) - Imperial Prince Kaninnomiya Tatsuhito (June 17, 1792 - March 9, 1824) was a member of the Imperial family during the Edo Period.

Imperial Prince Katsura-no-miya Misahito (桂宮節仁親王) - Imperial Prince Katsura-no-miya Misahito (December 11, 1833 – April 20, 1836) was a member of the Japanese Imperial family who lived in the late Edo period.

Imperial Prince Katsura-no-miya Takehito (桂宮盛仁親王) - Imperial Prince Katsura-no-miya Takehito (July 28, 1810 – July 7, 1811) was a member of the imperial family of Japan who lived in the late Edo period.

Imperial Prince Kawashima (川島皇子) - Imperial Prince Kawashima (657 - October 6, 691) was a member of Imperial family in the latter half of the seventh century.

Imperial Prince Kazurawara (葛原親王) - Imperial Prince Kazurawara (December 1, 786 - July 17, 853), a member of the Imperial Family in the Heian period, was the founder of the Taira clan.

Imperial Prince Kideranomiya Kuniyasu (木寺宮邦康親王) - Imperial Prince Kideranomiya Kuniyasu (1416 - date of death unknown) was a member of the Imperial family during the Muromachi period.

Imperial Prince Kideranomiya Yasuhito (木寺宮康仁親王) - Imperial Prince Kideranomiya Yasuhito (1320 - June 10, 1355) was a member of the Imperial Family in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts, and he was Emperor Kogon's Crown Prince of Jimyoin Imperial line.

Imperial Prince Kitashirakawanomiya Satonari (北白川宮智成親王) - Imperial Prince Kitashirakawanomiya Satonari (July 22, 1856 - February 10, 1872) was a member of the Imperial family of Japan during the late Edo and early Meiji Periods.

Imperial Prince Kitashirakawanomiya Yoshihisa (北白川宮能久親王) - Imperial Prince Kitashirakawanomiya Yoshihisa (April 1, 1847 - October 28, 1895) was a member of the imperial family and a military man in the army over the end of the Edo period to the Meiji period.

Imperial Prince Koreaki (惟明親王) - Imperial Prince Koreaki (1179 - May 25, 1221) was the third prince of Emperor Takakura.

Imperial Prince Koresada (是貞親王) - Imperial Prince Koresada (date of birth unknown - August 25, 903) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early Heian period.

Imperial Prince Koretada (是忠親王) - Imperial Prince Koretada (857 - December 18, 922) was a member of the Imperial Family during in the early Heian period.

Imperial Prince Koretaka (惟喬親王) - Imperial Prince Koretaka (844 - March 30, 897) was an Imperial family member during the early Heian period.

Imperial Prince Kose (巨勢親王) - Imperial Prince Kose (c. 799 - September 24, 882) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early Heian period.

Imperial Prince Kuniyoshi (邦良親王) - Imperial Prince Kuniyoshi, also pronounced Kuninaga (1300 - April 23, 1326) was the first Prince of Emperor Gonijo of the Daikakuji Imperial line.

Imperial Prince Kyogoku-no-miya Kinhito (京極宮公仁親王) - Imperial Prince Kyogoku-no-miya Kinhito (February 18, 1733 – July 14, 1770) was a member of the Imperial family who lived in the middle of the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Kyogokunomiya Ayahito (京極宮文仁親王) - Imperial Prince Kyogokunomiya Ayahito (September 8, 1680 - April 23, 1711) was a member of the Imperial family during the middle of the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Kyogokunomiya Yakahito (京極宮家仁親王) - Imperial Prince Kyogokunomiya Yakahito (May 4, 1704 - January 25, 1768) was a Japanese Imperial family member in the middle of the Edo period.

Imperial Prince Masanari (雅成親王) - Imperial Prince Masanari (October 20, 1200 - March 19, 1255) was a member of the Japanese imperial family who lived in the early Kamakura period.

Imperial Prince Morikuni (守邦親王) - Imperial Prince Morikuni (June 27, 1301- October 3, 1333) was the ninth seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") of the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), and he was the last shogun of the Kamakura bakufu.

Imperial Prince Morinaga (護良親王) - Imperial Prince Morinaga/Moriyoshi (1308 - August 20, 1335) lived from the latter half of the Kamakura period to the Kenmu Restoration period.

Imperial Prince Morisada (守貞親王) - Imperial Prince Morisada (April 6, 1179 - June 14, 1223) was the second Prince of Emperor Takakura, and his mother was Nobutaka BOMON's daughter, Shokushi BOMON. (Shichijoin)

Imperial Prince Motoyoshi (元良親王) - Imperial Prince Motoyoshi (890 - September 3, 943) was a member of the imperial family and waka poet during the mid Heian period.

Imperial Prince Munehira (致平親王) - Imperial Prince Muneira (951 - March 30, 1041) was a member of the Imperial family in Heian period.

Imperial Prince Muneyoshi/Munenaga (宗良親王) - Imperial prince Muneyoshi/Munenaga (1311 - September 14, 1385) was an Imperial family member during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts, and was Emperor Godaigo's Prince, who was called Shinanonomiya, Okusanomiya, Kosakanomiya (originating from the Kosaka clan who became the protector).

Imperial Prince Naohito (直仁親王) - Imperial Prince Naohito (1335 - June 10, 1395) was a member of the Imperial Family of the Jimyo-in Imperial line in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.

Imperial Prince Nashimotonomiya Moriosa (梨本宮守脩親王) - Imperial Prince Nashimotonomiya Moriosa (December 16, 1819 - September 1, 1881) was a member of the Imperial family of Japan during the late Edo and Meiji Periods.

Imperial Prince Niitabe (新田部親王) - Imperial Prince Niitabe (year of birth unknown - October 24, 735) was the tenth son of the Emperor Tenmu.

Imperial Prince Noriakira (式明親王) - Imperial Prince Noriakira (907 - February 4, 967) was a member of the Imperial Family during the mid Heian period.

Imperial Prince Okiyoshi (興良親王) - Imperial Prince Okiyoshi (also known as Okinaga)

Imperial Prince Okusaka (大草香皇子) - Imperial Prince Okusaka (Okusaka no miko, year of birth unknown - March 16, 454) was a member of the Imperial family who lived during the Kofun period (tumulus period).

Imperial Prince Osabe (他戸親王) - Imperial Prince Osabe (761 ? - June 3, 775) was a member of the Imperial family and Crown Prince in the late Nara period.

Imperial Prince Oshikuma (Oshikuma no Miko) (忍熊皇子) - Imperial Prince Oshikuma (Oshikuma no Miko; his date of birth was unknown, the date of his death was in March of 201.) first appeared in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) as an Imperial family (royal family) during the Kofun period (tumulus period) in Japan.

Imperial Prince Sadazumi (貞純親王) - Imperial Prince Sadazumi (873? - June 15, 916) was an Imperial family member of Japan in the early Heian period.

Imperial Prince Sanehito (誠仁親王) - Imperial Prince Sanehito (May 16, 1552 - September 7, 1586) was a member of the Imperial family in the Azuchimomoyama period.

Imperial Prince Sanehito (Heian period) (実仁親王 (平安時代)) - Imperial Prince Sanehito (March 20, 1071 - December 3, 1085) was a member of the Imperial Family during the Heian period.

Imperial Prince Saneyasu (人康親王) - Imperial Prince Saneyasu (831 - June 14, 872) was an Imperial family member in Heian period.

Imperial Prince Sawara (Sawara Shinno) (早良親王) - Imperial Prince Sawara (750? - November 8, 785) is one of the Imperial family members of the late Nara period.

Imperial Prince Shigeakira (重明親王) - Imperial Prince Shigeakira (906 - October 13, 954) was the forth prince of Emperor Daigo.

Imperial Prince Shigehito (重仁親王) - Imperial Prince Shigehito (1140 - 1162) was one of the Imperial family members during the late Heian period.

Imperial Prince Shogoinnomiya Yoshikoto (Shogoinnomiya Yoshikoto Shinno) (聖護院宮嘉言親王) - The Imperial Prince Shogoinnomiya Yoshikoto (February 28, 1821 - September 26, 1868) was one of the Imperial Family members between the end of Edo period and the Meiji period.

Imperial Prince Sukehito (輔仁親王) - Imperial Prince Sukehito (February 28, 1073 - December 31, 1119) was a member of the Imperial Family during the Heian period.

Imperial Prince Tadafusa (忠房親王) - Imperial Prince Tadafusa (1285? - around August, 1347) was a member of the Imperial Family in the Kamakura period.

Imperial Prince Tadayoshi (尹良親王) - Imperial Prince Tadayoshi (also known as Yukiyoshi, year of birth unknown - September 7, 1424) was a member of the Imperial Family in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan) and the Muromachi period, and was also the second Prince of Imperial Prince Muneyoshi, and an Imperial descendant of Emperor Godaigo.

Imperial Prince Takaoka (高岳親王) - Imperial Prince Takaoka (799 - 865) was a member of the Imperial family and a priest during early Heian period.

Imperial prince Takayoshi (尊良親王) - Imperial prince Takayoshi, also pronounced Takanaga (1310 - April 7, 1337) was Emperor Godaigo's Prince.

Imperial Prince Tamehira (為平親王) - Imperial Prince Tamehira (952 - December 15, 1010) was a member of the Imperial family during the Heian period and Emperor Murakami's fourth Prince.

Imperial Prince Tametaka (為尊親王) - Imperial Prince Tametaka (977 - July 31, 1002) was a member of the Imperial family during the mid Heian period.

Imperial Prince Tokiwainomiya Mataakira (常盤井宮全明親王) - Imperial Prince Tokiwainomiya Mataakira (1439 - January 14, 1522) was a member of the Imperial family during the Muromachi period.

Imperial Prince Tokiwainomiya Matahito (常盤井宮全仁親王) - Imperial Prince Tokiwain miya Matahito (1321 - August 23, 1367) was a member of the Imperial family during the early Muromachi Period.

Imperial Prince Tokiwainomiya Mitsuhito (常盤井宮滿仁親王) - Imperial Prince Tokiwainomiya Mitsuhito (1354 - November 16, 1426) was a member of the Imperial family during the Muromachi period.

Imperial Prince Tokiwainomiya Tsuneaki (常盤井宮恒明親王) - Imperial Prince Tokiwainomiya Tsuneaki, also pronounced Tsuneakira (June 24, 1303 - September 26, 1351) was a member of the Imperial Family belonging to the Daikakuji Imperial line of the period of the Northern and Southern Courts and the youngest child of Emperor Kameyama.

Imperial Prince Tokiwainomiya Tsunenao (常盤井宮恒直親王) - Imperial Prince Tokiwainomiya Tsunenao (date of birth unknown - August, 1552) was a member of the Imperial family during the late Muromachi period, and was the last head of the Tokiwainomiya family.

Imperial Prince Tomohira (具平親王) - Imperial Prince Tomohira (August 4, 964 - August 21, 1009) was the seventh prince of the sixty-second Emperor Murakami.

Imperial Prince Tsunesada (恒貞親王) - Imperial Prince Tsunesada (825 - October 12, 884) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early Heian period.

Imperial Prince Tsuneyasu (常康親王) - Imperial Prince Tsuneyasu (year of birth unknown - July 1, 869) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early Heian period.

Imperial Prince Tsuneyo (恒世親王) - Imperial Prince Tsuneyo (805 - June 13, 826) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early Heian period.

Imperial Prince Tsuneyoshi/Tsunenaga (恒良親王) - Imperial Prince Tsuneyoshi/Tsunenage (1324 - May 3, 1338) was Emperor Godaigo's Prince.

Imperial Prince Yamashinanomiya Akira (山階宮晃親王) - Imperial Prince Yamashinanomiya Akira (October 22, 1816 - February 17, 1898) was a member of the Imperial family in Japan.

Imperial Prince Yasuakira (保明親王) - Imperial Prince Yasuakira (December 16, 903 - April 14, 923) was a member of the Imperial Family during the Heian period.

Imperial Prince Yorihito (頼仁親王) - Imperial Prince Yorihito (August 29, 1201 - June 25, 1264) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early Kamakura period.

Imperial Prince Yoshiakira (代明親王) - Imperial Prince Yoshiakira (904 - May 12, 937) was a member of the Imperial family during the Heian period.

Imperial Prince Yoshimune (善統親王) - Imperial Prince Yotsutsujinomiya Yoshimune (1233 - May 18, 1317) was a member of the Imperial Family during the Kamakura period.

Imperial Prince Yoyoshi (世良親王) - Imperial Prince Yoyoshi (as known as Imperial Prince Tokinaga, birth year unknown - October 29, 1330) was a member of the Imperial family during the late Kamakura Period.

Imperial Princess Akiko (あき子内親王) - Imperial Princess Akiko (April 29, 1137 - August 6, 1211) was an Imperial Family member during the end of the Heian period to early Kamakura period.

Imperial Princess Anshi (晏子内親王) - Imperial Princess Anshi (Yasuko), date of birth unknown - August 22, 900, was a member of the Imperial family during the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Asahara (朝原内親王) - Imperial Princess Asahara, also pronounced Ashitahara (779 - May 18, 817) was the Princess of Emperor Kanmu and Imperial Princess Sakahito.

Imperial Princess Asuka (明日香皇女) - The Imperial Prince Asuka (year of birth unknown - April 27, 700) was a princess of the Emperor Tenchi.

Imperial Princess Ate (安勅内親王) - Imperial Princess Ate (year of birth unknown - November 4, 855) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early Heian period.

Imperial Princess Atsuko (惇子内親王) - Imperial Princess Atsuko (also known as Junshi) (1158 - June 3, 1172) was a member of the Imperial Family during the end of the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Atsuko (敦子内親王) - Imperial Princess Atsuko (year of birth unknown - February 19, 930) was a member of the Imperial Family during the mid Heian period.

Imperial Princess Baishi (Daughter of Emperor Gosuzaku) (ばい子内親王 (後朱雀天皇皇女)) - Imperial Princess Baishi (Miwako), September 16, 1039 - October 7, 1096, was the forth daughter of Emperor Gosuzaku.

Imperial Princess Baishi (Princess of Emperor Gouda) (ばい子内親王 (後宇多天皇皇女)) - Imperial Princess Baishi (year of birth and death unknown) was the second Princess of Emperor Gouda.

Imperial Princess Eishi (英子内親王) - Imperial Princess Eishi (also known as Hideko) (921 - October 18, 946) was a member of the Imperial Family during the middle of the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Ekishi (懌子内親王) - Imperial Princess Ekishi (1262 - December 20, 1294) was nyoin (a close female relative of the Emperor or a woman of comparable standing) of the Imperial Family during the Kamakura period.

Imperial Princess Fuwa (不破内親王) - Imperial Princess Fuwa (around 723 - around 795) was a member of the imperial family in the Nara period.

Imperial Princess Gashi (雅子内親王) - Imperial Princess Gashi (Masako) (910 - October 3, 954) was the 10th princess of the 60th Emperor Daigo.

Imperial Princess Gishi (Noriko) (儀子内親王) - Imperial Princess Gishi (Noriko) (date of birth unknown - November 26, 879) was a member of the Imperial family during the early Heian period.

Imperial Princess Hisako (久子内親王) - Imperial Princess Hisako (year of birth unknown - July 16, 876) was a member of the Imperial Family during the first half of the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Hoshi (輔子内親王) - Imperial Princess Hoshi (Sukeko) (953 - April 13, 992) was a member of the Imperial Family during the middle of the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Inoe (井上内親王) - Imperial Princess Inoe (717 - May 30, 775) was the first Princess of the 45th Emperor Shomu.

Imperial Princess Izu (伊都内親王) - Imperial Princess Izu (year of birth unknown, died on October 30, 861) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early Heian period.

Imperial Princess Junshi (珣子内親王) - Imperial Princess Junshi (March 13, 1311 - June 11, 1337) was Emperor Godaigo's Chugu (Empress).

Imperial Princess Junshi (恂子内親王) - Imperial Princess Junshi (1093 - December 2, 1132) was a member of the Imperial Family during the latter half of the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Kashi (嘉子内親王) - Imperial Princess Kashi (also known as Yoshiko, years of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family in the latter period of the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Katsuranomiya Sumiko (桂宮淑子内親王) - Imperial Princess Katsuranomiya Sumiko (February 22, 1829 - October 3, 1881) was Emperor Ninko's third Princess.

Imperial Princess Keishi (Kaoruko) (馨子内親王) - Imperial Princess Keishi (February 17, 1029 - September 26, 1093), who was also called Kaoruko, was the second imperial princess of the sixty-eighth emperor, Goichijo.

Imperial Princess Kenshi (娟子内親王) - Imperial Princess Kenshi (October 25, 1032 - April 27, 1103) was the second princess of the sixty seventh Emperor Gosuzaku.

Imperial Princess Kibi (吉備内親王) - Imperial Princess Kibi (year of birth unknown - March 20, 729) is the second daughter of Prince Kusakabe and Empress Genmei.

Imperial Princess Kinshi (均子内親王) - Imperial Princess Kinshi (890 - April 12, 910) was a member of the Imperial Family and a princess during the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Kishi (喜子内親王) - Imperial Princess Kishi (also known as Yoshiko, years of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family in the end of Heian period.

Imperial Princess Koshi (好子内親王) - Imperial Princess Koshi (also known as Yoshiko, year of birth unknown - August 12, 1192) was a member of the Imperial Family in the end of the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Kuniko (邦子内親王) - Imperial Princess Kuniko (1209 - October 3, 1283) was a member of the Imperial family during the Kamakura period, and was nyoin (a close female relative of the Emperor or a woman of comparable standing).

Imperial Princess Kunshi (君子内親王) - Imperial Princess Kunshi (date of birth unknown - November 15, 902) was a princess from the Imperial Family during the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Kyushi (Yasuko) (休子内親王) - Imperial Princess Kyushi (Yasuko) (1157 - April 7, 1171) was a member of the Imperial family at the end of the Heian Period.

Imperial Princess Mako (眞子内親王) - Imperial Princess Mako is a member of Imperial family of Japan.

Imperial Princess Masako (正子内親王) - Imperial Princess Masako was a member of the Japanese Imperial Family.

Imperial Princess Muneko (統子内親王) - Imperial Princess Muneko (August 20, 1126 - September 9, 1189) was the daughter of Emperor Toba (her mother was Empress FUJIWARA no Shoshi), and she had two maternal brothers, Emperor Sutoku and Emperor Goshirakawa.

Imperial Princess Nagako (掲子内親王) - Imperial Princess Nagako (year of birth unknown - March 27, 914) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early Heian period.

Imperial Princess Noriko (式子内親王) - Imperial Princess Noriko (also pronounced Shokushi and Shikishi) (1149 - March 1, 1201) was a member of the Imperial Family in the late Heian period, a poet.

Imperial Princess Noto (能登内親王) - The Imperial Princess Noto (735 - March 20, 781) was a member of the Imperial Family who lived in the Nara period.

Imperial Princess Ohara (大原内親王) - Imperial Princess Ohara (year of birth unknown - February 14, 863) was a member of the Imperial Family during the first half of the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Reiko (れい子内親王) - Imperial Princess Reiko (October 12, 1270 - August 30, 1307) was an Imperial Princess of Emperor Gofukakusa.

Imperial Princess Ryoshi (亮子内親王) - Imperial Princess Ryoshi (born 1147, died April 27, 1216) was the first daughter of the seventy-seventh Emperor Goshirakawa.

Imperial Princess Ryoshi (良子内親王) - Imperial Princess Ryoshi (Nagako), January 25, 1030 - September 21, 1077, was the first daughter of Emperor Gosuzaku, the sixty-seventh Emperor of Japan.

Imperial Princess Sakahito (酒人内親王) - Imperial Princess Sakahito (754 - September 25, 829) was Emperor Konin's Princess.

Imperial Princess Senshi (Nobuko) (選子内親王) - Imperial Princess Senshi (Nobuko) (June 11, 964 - July 29, 1035) was the tenth Princess of the sixty-second Emperor Murakami.

Imperial Princess Shoshi (章子内親王) - Imperial Princess Shoshi (her given name can also be pronounced "Akiko") (January 19, 1027 - October 26, 1105) was the first daughter of the sixty-eighth emperor, Emperor Goichijo.

Imperial Princess Shoshi (昌子内親王) - Imperial Princess Shoshi (Masako) (950 - January 15, 1000) was the first princess of the 61st Emperor Suzaku.

Imperial Princess Shoshi (奨子内親王) - Imperial Princess Shoshi (September 28, 1286 - November 23, 1348) was a member of the Imperial Family from the latter Kamakura period to the beginning of the Muromachi period (the period of the Northern and Southern Courts - Japan).

Imperial Princess Shoshi (or Akiko) (韶子内親王) - Imperial Princess Shoshi (or Akiko) (918 - February 7, 980) was from the Imperial family living in the mid Heian Period.

Imperial Princess Shushi (脩子内親王) - Imperial Princess Shushi/Nagako (脩子) (February 1, 997 - March 19, 1049) was the first princess of the sixty sixth Emperor Ichijo, and her mother was Empress FUJIWARA no Teishi.

Imperial Princess Shushi (Akiko) (秋子内親王) - The Imperial Princess Shushi (Akiko) (the Imperial Princess Shushi, the wife of the Imperial prince Sadatake, February 23, 1700 - April 28, 1756) was an Imperial Family member during the Edo period.

Imperial Princess Shushi (Yoshiko) (しゅ子内親王) - Imperial Princess Shushi (Yoshiko) (December 14, 1141 - July 27, 1176) was Chugu (the Empress) of the Emperor Nijo.

Imperial Princess Sonshi (尊子内親王) - Imperial Princess Sonshi (966 - May 24, 985) was the second Princess of the sixty-third Emperor Reizei.

Imperial Princess Tadako (斉子内親王) - Imperial Princess Tadako (also known as Seishi) was a member of the Imperial Family during the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Takako (孝子内親王) - Imperial Princess Takako (November 4, 1650 - August 4, 1725) was a member of the Imperial family during the Edo period.

Imperial Princess Tameko (為子内親王) - Imperial Princess Tameko (year and date of birth unknown - May 1, 899) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early Heian period.

Imperial Princess Teishi (禎子内親王) - Imperial Princess Teishi (Yoshiko/Sadako) (August 15, 1013 - February 3, 1094) was the sixty-seventh Emperor Sanjo's third Princess.

Imperial Princess Teishi (てい子内親王) - Imperial Princess Teishi (Yasuko) (May 10, 1076 - August 27, 1096) was the seventy-second Emperor Shirakawa's first Princess.

Imperial Princess Teruko (光子内親王) - Imperial Princess Akenomiya Teruko (July 25, 1634 - November 18, 1727) was a member of the Imperial Family in the early Edo period.

Imperial Princess Tokiko (時子内親王) - Imperial Princess Tokiko (date of birth unknown - March 6, 847) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early Heian period.

Imperial Princess Tokushi (as known as Atsuko) (篤子内親王) - Imperial Princess Tokushi (1060 - October 30, 1114) was the fourth princess of the seventy-first Emperor Gosanjo.

Imperial Princess Toshi (当子内親王) - Imperial Princess Toshi (Masako) (1001 - October 16, 1022) was the first princess of Japan's 67th Emperor Sanjo.

Imperial Princess Uchiko (有智子内親王) - Imperial Princess Uchiko (807 - December 7, 847) was the fifty-second Emperor Saga's Princess.

Imperial Princess Ujiko (氏子内親王) - Imperial Princess Ujiko (year of birth unknown - May 23, 885) was a member of the Imperial Family during the first half of the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Yasuiko (恬子内親王) - Imperial Princess Yasuiko (ca. 848 - July 29, 913) was the thirty-first Saigu (Imperial Princess appointed to serve the deities of the Ise-jingu Shrine) of Ise.

Imperial Princess Yasuko (康子内親王) - Imperial Princess Yasuko (her given name can be also pronounced as "Koshi") (919 - 957) is considered to have been the 4th wife of FUJIWRA no Morosuke, who was a member of the Imperial family during the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Yoshiko (吉子内親王) - Imperial Princess Yoshiko (September 30, 1714 - October 23, 1758) was the thirteenth Princess of Emperor Reigen.

Imperial Princess Yoshiko (欣子内親王) - Imperial Princess Yoshiko (March 11, 1779 - August 11, 1846) was a member of the Imperial family member during the Edo period.

Imperial Princess Yoshiko (よし子内親王) - Imperial Princess Yoshiko (僐子) (1159 - April 14, 1171) was a member of the Imperial Family in the latter period of the Heian period.

Imperial Princess Yushi (祐子内親王) - Imperial Princess Yushi (Imperial Princess Sukeko/Imperial Princess Sachiko)

Imperial proclamation (宣下) - Imperial proclamation is to issue an official document conveying the Emperor's order.

Imperial Throne (皇位) - The notion of the Imperial Throne means the throne of Emperor in Japan.

Inahi no Mikoto (稲飯命) - Inahi no mikoto was a member of Japanese Imperial family, who appears in the Japanese Mythology.

Ingo (院号) - Ingo means followings.

Inishikiiribiko no mikoto (五十瓊敷入彦命) - Inishikiiribiko no mikoto (五十瓊敷入彦命) was a member of the Imperial family (Royal family), who is said to have been lived in the Kofun period (tumulus period), according to "Kojiki " (The Record of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Iokiiribiko no miko (五百城入彦皇子) - Iokiiribiko no miko was a member of the Imperial family who lived during the Kofun period (tumulus period).

Ippon Shinno (the first-ranked imperial prince) (一品親王) - The Ippon Shinno (the first-ranked imperial prince) was the imperial prince who was granted Ippon, the highest rank (status) under the ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code).

ISE no Tsugiko (伊勢継子) - ISE no Tsugiko (born 772, died July 6, 812 (old lunar calendar) (August 16, 812)) was the wife of Emperor Heizei.

Ishiwaka no Okimi (石川王) - Ishikawa no Okimi (year of birth unknown - April 24, 679), lived in the Asuka period in Japan.

Isuzuyori hime no mikoto (五十鈴依媛命) - According to "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) and "Kujihoongi" (Ancient Japanese History), Isuzuhime no mikoto, also called Isuzuyorihime (date of birth and death unknown) was a wife of Emperor Suizei, a daughter of Kotoshironushi-no-kami (her mother's name is unknown) and a mother of Emperor Annei.

Itsuse no mikoto (五瀬命) - Itsuse no mikoto was a member of Japanese Imperial family, who appears in the Japanese Mythology.

Itsutsujinomiya family (五辻宮) - The Itsutsujinomiya family is one of the households of Imperial princes that existed in the late Kamakura Period to the early Southern and Northern Court period.

Iwakuranomiya (岩倉宮) - Iwakuranomiya was Miyake (house of an Imperial prince) in the early Kamakura period.

Iwanohimenomikoto (磐之媛命) - Iwanohimenomikoto (year of birth unknown – June, 347) was an Empress of the Kofun period.

Iwatsukuwake no Mikoto (磐撞別命) - Iwatsukuwake no mikoto (磐撞別命: year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial family (Royal family), who lived during the early Kofun period (tumulus period) according to the historical documents such as the "Kojiki " (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Izumi no himemiko (Imperial Princess Izumi) (泉皇女) - The Imperial Princess Izumi (year of birth unknown - March 21, 734) was a princess of the Emperor Tenchi (Tenji).

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Japanese Court Caps (日本の冠) - Japanese Court caps are headgear for Court nobles and adult samurai to wear when they visit the Imperial Palace.

Japanese Imperial Family (皇室) - The Imperial Family is a generic term for the Emperor and the members of the Imperial Family.

Jiju (chamberlain) (侍従) - The term "chamberlain" refers to a person who serves another person (generally a noble person) to take care of his or her personal affairs, and its Japanese equivalent term "jiju" also represents a chamberlain's service itself in a broad sense.

Jikimiyake (直宮家) - Jikimiyake refers to a Miyake (family allowed to have the status of Imperial family) which was established by a child of an emperor.

Jimyoin-to (持明院統) - Jimyoin-to was Japanese Imperial Family ancestry between the late Kamakura period and the Southern and Northern Courts period and is a descendant of the eighty-ninth Emperor Go-Fukakusa, whose father was the eighty-eighth Emperor Go-saga.

Jinmu tenno sai (Emperor Jinmu Ceremony) (神武天皇祭) - Jinmu tenno sai (Emperor Jinmu Ceremony) refers to the ceremony of the Imperial Household to honor Emperor Jinmu.

Jinmu Tenno Sokui Kigen (Imperial era) (神武天皇即位紀元) - Jinmu Tenno Sokui Kigen (Imperial era) is a Japanese way of counting years, the first year being that of accession of Emperor Jinmu, the first emperor, to the throne.

Johyo (上表) - Johyo (memorial to the emperor) was an act of handing Monjo (written material) (or Hyo [letters]) or the Monjo itself to the Emperor from any Koshin (Emperor's family) including Togu (crown prince), all the officials or general public.

Jun Daijo tenno (准太上天皇) - Jun Daijo tenno is the treatment which is equal to that of Daijo tenno (retired emperor).

Junbo (准母) - Junbo means equating a woman who is not the real mother of the emperor with his mother or the title of a woman who is equated with the mother of the emperor.

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Kachonomiya (華頂宮) - Kachonomiya is a Miyake (family allowed to have the status of Imperial family) which was established in 1868 by Imperial Prince Kachonomiya Hirotsune, who was the twelfth prince of Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kuniie.

Kado no okimi (葛野王) - Kado no okimi (c. 669 - December, 705) was the first prince of the Prince Otomo (the Emperor Kobun).

KAJUJI Haruko (勧修寺晴子) - Haruko KAJUJI (born 1553, died March 21, 1620) was the wife of Imperial Prince Sanehito, the fifth son of Emperor Ogimachi.

Kamonomiya (賀茂宮) - Kamonomiya (November 21, 1618 - November 4, 1622) was a member of the Imperial family in the early part of the Edo period.

Kamukushi no Miko (神櫛王) - Kamukushi no miko (神櫛王: year of birth and death unknown) was a member of Japanese Imperial family (Royal family), who appears in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Kamuyaimimi no Mikoto (神八井耳命) - Kamuyaimimi no mikoto (year of birth unknown; died in May, 578B.C.) was a member of the Imperial family (the royal family), described in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the "Nihon Shoki" (Chronicles of Japan), etc.

Kan in no Miya (閑院宮) - The Kan in no Miya was one of the four hereditary Imperial families, and it was a Miyake (house of an imperial prince) which was founded by Emperor Higashiyama's Prince, Kan in no Miya Imperial Prince Naohito during middle of the Edo period.

Kaninnomiya Imperial Prince Sukehito (閑院宮典仁親王) - Kaninnomiya Imperial Prince Sukehito (April 1, 1733 - August 1, 1794) was the head of the Miyake (house of an imperial prince) in Edo period and member of the Imperial family.

Kannamesai (神嘗祭) - Kannamesai (a.k.a. Kanname no Matsuri, Kannie no Matsuri) is a rite and festival of Ise-jingu Shrine and the imperial court.

Karu no Oiratsume (軽大娘皇女) - Karu no oiratsume was a princess, who was a daughter of the 19th imperial ruler, Emperor Ingyo.

Katsura Rikyu (Katsura Imperial Villa) (桂離宮) - Katsura Rikyu is the detached Palace (a palace built apart from the Imperial Palace) located at Katsura, Nishikyo Ward, Kyoto City.

Katsuranomiya (桂宮) - Katsuranomiya is one of the Miyake (houses of an imperial princes) and also one of the four heredity Imperial prince' families.

Kawamatabime (河俣毘売) - Kawatabime is considered to have been a wife of Emperor Suizei and a mother of Emperor Annei.

Kayain (a residence) (高陽院 (邸宅)) - Kayain was one of the Satodairi (temporary imperial residence) in Heian-kyo.

KAZAN Emperor (花山天皇) - Emperor Kazan (November 29, 968 - March 17, 1008) reigned from November 5, 984 - July 31, 986, as the sixty-fifth Emperor.

Kazunomiya Imperial Princess Chikako (和宮親子内親王) - Kazunomiya Imperial Princess Chikako (July 3, 1846 - September 2, 1877) was a woman who lived during the late Edo period, she was a wife of Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), fourteenth Shogun Iemochi TOKUGAWA.

Kencho (?帳) - Kencho refers to a woman who raises and open Tobari (curtains) of the Takamikura (Imperial Throne) during a state ceremony such as one for enthronement or Chouga (New Year's greetings or well-wishes offered by retainers to the Emperor).

Kenrei Gate (建礼門) - The Kenrei-mon Gate is one of the outside gates in the Imperial Palace.

Kesshi-Hachidai (欠史八代) - The expression "eight undocumented eras" ("kesshi hachidai" in Japanese) refers to the eight emperors from Emperor Suizei (second emperor) to Emperor Kaika (ninth emperor) whose pedigree records (called "Teiki" in Japanese) exist but whose achievements are not recorded in "Kojiki" and "Nihon Shoki" and the period represented by these emperors.

Kesshi-Judai (Ten Undocumented Sovereigns) (欠史十代) - Kesshi-Judai refers to the ten Emperors from the twenty-fourth Emperor Ninken to the thirty-third Empress Suiko, who only have their genealogy and not their achievements recorded in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters), or to this period of time.

Ki no himemiko (Princess Ki) (紀皇女) - Ki no himemiko (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family who lived in the Asuka period.

Kibitsuhiko no Mikoto (吉備津彦命) - Kibitsuhiko no Mikoto is a Shinto god.

Kibitsuhime Okimi (吉備姫王) - Kibitsuhime Okimi (year of birth unknown - October 31, 643) was in the Imperial (royal) family in Japan.

Kinashi no Karu no Miko (木梨軽皇子) - Born as the first prince of the 19th imperial ruler, Emperor Ingyo, Kinashi no karu no miko was the Crown Prince.

King (of imperial family) (王 (皇族)) - King (O, miko, or okimi in ancient time) is one of the positions or titles of the Imperial family.

Kinjo no Mikado (The Reigning Emperor) (今上帝) - Kinjo no Mikado (the emperor regnant) can also be pronounced as Kinjo-tei.

Kinjo Tenno (the present emperor) (今上天皇) - Kinjo Tenno (the present emperor) is the name indicating the person who is on the throne at the time.

Kitashirakawanomiya (北白川宮) - Kitashirakawanomiya is a Miyake (family allowed to have the status of Imperial family) which was established by Imperial Prince Satonari, who was the thirteenth prince of Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kuniie, in the early Meiji period.

KIYOHARA no Natsuno (清原夏野) - KIYOHARA no Natsuno (782 - November 12, 837) was of the nobility and a politician in the early Heian period.

Ko-zoku Gunjin (the Military from Imperial Family) (皇族軍人) - Ko-zoku Gunjin refer to the members of the imperial family who became general officers of the Imperial Japanese Army or Imperial Japanese Navy.

Kobetsu (皇別) - Kobetsu or oson is a term that refers to shizoku (clan, family), a branch family of a royal family or imperial family, especially a family which has seceded from Japanese Imperial Family.

Kobetsu Sekke (皇別摂家) - Kobetsu Sekke refers to the Imperial Family or its male descendants who succeeded Sekke (line of regents and advisers) in the Edo period.

Koi (the Position of Empress) (后位) - Koi (the Position of Empress) indicates Grand Empress Dowager, Empress Dowager or Empress that was the position given to a legitimate wife of the present or previous retired Emperor.

Koka (降嫁) - Koka means that an Imperial princess or a princess marries a man who is not a member of Imperial family nor the royal family.

Kokokushikan (皇国史観) - Kokokushikan is the understanding that Japanese people live in Japan, a country with a history of successive Emperors, lore and the history of which was passed from generation to generation to the present.

Komatsu no Miya (小松宮) - Komatsu no Miya was established by the Fushimi no Miya Imperial Prince Kuniie's eighth Prince, Komatsu no Miya Imperial Prince, Akihito during the early Meiji period.

KONOE Emperor (近衛天皇) - Emperor Konoe (June 16, 1139 - August 22, 1155) was the seventy-sixth Japanese Emperor (his reign was from January 5, 1142 to August 22, 1155).

KONOE Hisako (近衛尚子) - Hisako KONOE (April 5, 1702-February 27, 1720) was Nyogo (a wife of Emperor) of the Emperor Nakamikado in the Edo period, who was the real mother of the Emperor Sakuramachi.

KONOE Koreko (近衛維子) - Koreko KONOE (December 6, 1760 – November 6, 1783) was "Nyogo" (a wife or concubine of Emperor) of the Emperor Gomomozono.

Koreisai (皇霊祭) - Koreisai is a collective term for shunkikoreisai (imperial ceremony of ancestor worship formerly held on the vernal equinox) and shukikoreisai (imperial ceremony of ancestor worship formerly held on the autumnal equinox).

Koseki, a family register of the Imperial Family. (皇籍) - Koseki refers to a family register or eligibility to be a member of the Imperial Family.

Koshi (Imperial Heir) (皇嗣) - The Koshi (imperial heir) is a successor of Tenshi (monarch or emperor).

Koshohajime (New Year lecture in the court) (講書始) - Koshohajime (New Year lecture in the court) is an annual event of the Imperial court in which Shinko (Scholars give a lecture or explain achievements to the Emperor, the Empress, and the nobility) is given by scholars as a part of the Emperor's start of learning in January every year.

Kotaifujin (title for previous retired emperors' consort) (皇太夫人) - Kotaifujin (also called Sumemioya) means a person who was the biological mother of an Emperor and consort of the previous Emperor.

Kotaigo (Empress Dowager) (皇太后) - Kotaigo, or empress dowager (pronounced "huang tai hou" in Chinese), is a title held by the widow of a deceased emperor or a term used to refer to such a person.

Kotaihi (皇太妃) - Kotaihi means a person who was the biological mother of an Emperor and the wife of the previous Emperor.

Kotofu (the Record of Imperial Lineage) (皇統譜) - Kotofu refers to a register to keep records concerning the statuses of emperors and members of Imperial family.

Kouin (Imperial descendant or posterity) (皇胤) - The term Kouin refers to Imperial descendants.

Kudara no Okimi (Imperial Family) (百済王 (皇族)) - Kudara no Okimi, also referred to as Kudara no miko (year of birth and death unknown) was in the Imperial Family in the Asuka period.

KUJO Ninshi (九条任子) - Ninshi KUJO (born October 31, 1173, died February 3, 1239) was an empress and nyoin (a close female relative of the Emperor or a woman of comparable standing) from the end of Heian Period to Kamakura Period.

Kumenomiko (Prince Kume) (来目皇子) - Kumenomiko (year of birth unknown - March 25, 603) was an Imperial Family member during the Asuka period.

Kunaicho Shikibushoku (the Board of the Ceremonies of the Imperial Household Agency) (宮内庁式部職) - Shikibushoku is one of the departments of the Imperial Household Agency.

Kuni no Miya (久邇宮) - Kuni no Miya was the Miyake (house of an imperial prince) established by Fushimi no Miya Imperial Prince Kuniie's fourth Prince, Kuni no Miya Imperial Prince Asahiko during the early Meiji period.

Kuredake no dai (Wu Chinese bamboo in the eastern garden of Seiryoden) (呉竹の台) - Kuretake no dai was where planting Wu Chinese bamboo in the eastern garden of Seiryoden (Literally "Limpid Cool Hall," an imperial summer palace).

Kurikuma no Okimi (栗隈王) - The Kurikuma no Okimi (year of birth unknown - July, 676) was a member of the Japanese Imperial Family in the Asuka period.

Kuwashihime no mikoto (細媛命) - Kuwashihime no mikoto was the Empress of Emperor Korei, one of the eight emperors who reigned during the Kesshi-Hachidai (Eight Undocumented Sovereigns).

Kyuchu sanden (the Three Shrines in the Imperial Court) (宮中三殿) - "Kyuchu Sanden" is a general term which refers to the three shrines in the Imperial Court: the Kashikodokoro (also known as Kensho), the Koreiden, and the Shinden.

Kyuchu Sekiji (Order of Precedence in the Imperial Court of Japan) (宮中席次) - Kyuchu Sekiji is the order of precedence at official events in the Imperial Court.

Kyugo (宮号) - Kyugo (reigning name) is a title given to an Imperial family in Japan.

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Maternal Relative (外戚) - The maternal relative is a family member of the mother or the consort of the emperor or the king.

Meiji setsu (the birthday of Emperor Meiji) (明治節) - The Meiji-setsu is one of the four grand national holidays in the former public holiday system: the Kigen-setsu (the National Foundation Day), the Shiho-setsu (New Year's Day), the Tencho-setsu (the birthday of the present emperor), and the Meiji-setsu (the birthday of Emperor Meiji).

Meimei no Gi (naming ceremony) (命名の儀) - Meimei no gi is a ceremony for naming an imperial member on the seventh day (oshichiya) from his/her birthday.

Meitoku Settlement (明徳の和約) - The Meitoku Settlement was the agreement held in 1392 between the Southern Court (Daikakuji Imperial Line) and the Northern Court (Jimyoin Imperial Line) in terms of peace negotiation and the Imperial succession.

Michinoomi no mikoto (道臣命) - Michinoomi no mikoto was a figure who appears in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Mihara no Okimi (三原王) - Mihara no Okimi (year of birth unknown - August 27, 752) was a member of the Imperial Family in the Nara period.

Mikenu no mikoto (御毛沼命) - Mikenu no mikoto was a member of Japanese Imperial family, who is mentioned in the Japanese Mythology.

Miketsukuni (御食国) - Miketsukuni indicated the supply provinces making offerings, namely the province that was assumed to supply food (secondary diet component except for grain), mainly marine products, to the Imperial family and Imperial court, from ancient Japan to the Heian period.

Miko (Imperial Prince) (皇子) - Miko, also referred to as Oji is the naming of the sons of Kotei or Tenno (emperor).

Mikotonori (詔) - "Mikotonori" (詔 or 御言宣), or "Omikoto" (大御言) was a document of the emperor's words or orders to be directly conveyed.

Mimakihime (御間城姫) - Mimakihime (date of birth and death unknown) was the empress of Emperor Sujin.

Mimimotoji (耳面刀自) - Mimimotoji, also referred to as Mimomonotoji (year of birth and death unknown) was a female who lived in the Asuka period.

Minabe no Himemiko (御名部皇女) - Minabe no Himemiko (660 - year of death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family in the Asuka period.

MINAMOTO no Genshi (源厳子) - MINAMOTO no Genshi (Takeko) (year of birth unknown - July 23, 879) was Nyogo (a high-ranking lady in the court - a consort of an emperor) of Emperor Seiwa.

MINAMOTO no Hikaru (源光) - MINAMOTO no Hikaru

MINAMOTO no Hikaru (court noble) (源光 (公卿)) - MINAMOTO no Hikaru (July 9, 845 - April 21, 913) was a court noble who lived in the Heian period.

MINAMOTO no Hikohito (源彦仁) - MINAMOTO no Hikohito was a member of the Imperial Family in the Kamakura period (His birth year is unknown and his date of death was May 12, 1298).

MINAMOTO no Hiromu (源弘) - MINAMOTO no Hiromu (812 - February 16, 863) was a court noble during the early Heian period.

MINAMOTO no Kenshi (Kaneko) (源兼子) - MINAMOTO no Kenshi (also known as Kaneko) (915 - October 972) was a shisei kozoku (member of the Imperial Family conferred with a family name) during the mid Heian period.

MINAMOTO no Kiyohime (源潔姫) - MINAMOTO no Kiyohime (810 - August 3, 856) was Emperor Saga's Princess.

MINAMOTO no Yoshiari (源能有) - MINAMOTO no Yoshiari (845 - July 11, 897) was an aristocrat and politician who lived in the Heian period.

Mino no Okimi (美濃王) - Mino no Okimi (date of birth and death unknown) lived in the Asuka period in Japan.

Minu no Okimi (美努王) - Minu no Okimi (year of birth unknown - May, 708) was one of the Imperial family members of the Asuka period.

Miyake (house of an imperial prince) (宮家) - Miyake is the name of the successive Imperial family in Japan allowed to have Imperial rank.

Miyashogun (shogun from the Imperial Court) (宮将軍) - Miyashogun (shogun from the Imperial Court) refers to the term that specifies four imperial princes who were assigned to seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") during the Kamakura period.

Miyasundokoro (御息所) - Miyasundokoro or Miyasudokoro

Monk Imperial Prince Saiun (最雲法親王) - Cloistered Imperial Prince Saiun (1104 - March 10, 1162) was a monk of the Tendai sect of Buddhism in the middle of the Heian period.

Monk Imperial Prince Shukaku (守覚法親王) - Monk-Imperial Prince Shukaku (April 3, 1150 - September 13, 1202) was a member of the Imperial Family and a monk from the late Heian period to the early Kamakura period.

Monk-Imperial Prince Gyoin (尭胤法親王) - Monk-Imperial Prince Gyoin (1458 - 1520) was the Monk-Imperial Prince from the middle of the Muromachi period to Warring States period.

Monk-Imperial Prince Gyonen (尭然法親王) - Monk-Imperial Prince Gyonen (November 16, 1602 - October 15, 1661) was a member of the Imperial Family and a monk during the early Edo period.

Monk-Imperial Prince Honin (法仁法親王) - Monk-Imperial Prince Honin (1325 - December 2, 1352) was the Monk-Imperial Prince during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.

Monk-Imperial Prince Jido (慈道法親王) - Monk-Imperial Prince Jido (1282 - April 27, 1341) was the Monk-Imperial Prince from the latter half of Kamakura period to the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.

Monk-Imperial Prince Jiun (慈運法親王) - Monk-Imperial Prince Gyoin (1466 - 1537) was the Monk-Imperial Prince during the Warring States period.

Monk-Imperial Prince Joson (静尊法親王) - Monk-Imperial Prince Joson (date of birth and death unknown) was the Monk-Imperial Prince from the latter half of the Kamakura period to the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.

Monk-Imperial Prince Kakugyo (覚行法親王) - The monk-Imperial Prince Kakugyo Hosshino (April 1075 - December 26, 1105) was a member of the Imperial Family and a monk of the middle to the late Heian period.

Monk-Imperial Prince Kakuho (覚法法親王) - Monk-Imperial Prince Kakuho (February 9, 1092 - December 22, 1153) was a member of the Imperial Family and a monk during the late Hein period.

Monk-Imperial Prince Seijo (聖助法親王) - Monk Imperial Prince Seijo (date of birth and death unknown) was the Monk Imperial Prince during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.

Monk-Imperial Prince Shinjaku (真寂法親王) - Monk-Imperial Prince Shinjaku (886 - October 13, 927) was the Monk-Imperial Prince in the middle of the Heian Period.

Monk-Imperial Prince Shoin (承胤法親王) - Monk-Imperial Prince Shoin (1317 - May 16, 1377) was the Monk-Imperial Prince from the end of Kamaura period to the period of the Northern and Souther Courts.

Monk-Imperial Prince Sonjo (尊助法親王) - Monk-Imperial Prince Sonjo (1217 - January 2, 1291) was a Monk-Imperial Prince during the middle of the Kamakura period.

Mumongensen (無文元選) - Mumongensen (March 30, 1323 - April 16, 1390) was the priest of the Rinzai sect during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan).

MUNAKATA no Kiyouji (宗形清氏) - MUNAKATA no Kiyouji (宗形 清氏) was a member of the Japanese Imperial Family who was the first chief priest of Munakata-taisha Shrine (Munakata City, Fukuoka Prefecture).

Muro no Okimi (牟漏女王) - Muro no Okimi (year of birth unknown - 746) was a member of the Imperial Family in Japan.

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Nairan (内覧) - Nairan is to check and read any document for the Emperor to read, or for Emperor to make decision about, or the position of Ryoge no Kan (a position which is not included in the regulations).

NAKAYAMA Yoshiko (中山慶子) - Yoshiko NAKAYAMA (January 16, 1836 - October 5, 1907) was real mother of the Emperor Meiji.

Nashimoto no Miya (梨本宮) - Nashimoto no Miya was the Miyake (house of an imperial prince) established by Fushimi no Miya Imperial Prince Sadayoshi's Imperial Prince, Prince Moriosa.

Nihonkoku Kotei (Emperor of Japan) (日本国皇帝) - Nihonkoku Kotei is one of the titles of the Emperor of Japan that had been used up to early Showa period and was mainly used in diplomatic domain.

NIJO Ieko (二条舎子) - Ieko NIJO (October 9, 1716 - March 14, 1790) was Emperor Sakuramachi's nyogo (a high-ranking lady in the court - a consort of the emperor) and the mother of Empress Gosakuramachi.

Nitabe no himemiko (Princess Nitabe) (新田部皇女) - Nitabe no himemiko (year of birth unknown - October 26, 699) was a princess of the Emperor Tenchi.

NIWATA Hideko (庭田秀子) - Hideko NIWATA (year of birth unknown - May 4, 1685) was Naishi no suke (a court lady of the first rank) of Emperor Gokomyo.

Nochi no Sanbo (三房) (後の三房) - `Nochi no Sanbo' refers to the three; Chikafusa KITABATAKE, Nobufusa MADENOKOJI, Sadafusa YOSHIDA, who served as aides of Emperor Godaigo from the end of Kamakura period to the period of the Southern and Northern Courts.

Nosai no Gi (Ceremony of Exchanging Betrothal Presents) (納采の儀) - Nosai no gi is one of the imperial ceremonies.

Noshi (直衣) - Noshi were the everyday clothes for Emperors, Crown Princes, Imperial Princes or other court nobles after Heian period (the Heian costume).

Nukadehime no himemiko (糠手姫皇女) - Nukadehime no himemiko (year of birth unknown - July, 664) was a member of the Imperial Family from the late Tumulus period to Asuka period.

Nunasokonakatsuhime no mikoto (渟名底仲媛) - Nunasokonakatsuhime no mikoto was the Empress of Emperor Annei.

O

OE Iwashiro (大江磐代) - Iwashiro OE (1744-January 11, 1813) was a member of Japan's Imperial Family.

Ogawanomiya (小川宮) - Ogawanomiya (June 1404 - March 15, 1425) was a member of the Imperial Family in the Muromachi period.

OGIMACHI Naoko (正親町雅子) - Naoko OGIMACHI (December 14, 1803 - August 6, 1856) was Nyoin (a woman bestowed with the title "in") in the late Edo period.

Oguranomiya Seisho (小倉宮聖承) - Oguranomiya Seisho (date of birth unknown - June 13, 1443) was the grandson of Emperor Gokameyama, the ninety-ninth Emperor during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan), or the fourth and the last Emperor of the Southern Court (Japan), and the son of Oguranomiya Tsuneatsu.

OGURANOMIYA Tsuneatsu (小倉宮恒敦) - Tsuneatsu OGURANOMIYA (year of birth unknown - August 11, 1422) was a Prince of Emperor Gokameyama, who was the 99th Emperor in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts, and was the fourth and last Emperor of the Southern Court.

Ohi (Empress of the Imperial Family) (王妃 (皇族)) - Ohi (empress) is the title of the Imperial family standing provided for queens consort of the Imperial family, or herself of such standing.

OINOMIKADO Reishi (大炊御門麗子) - Reishi OINOMIKADO (also known as FUJIWARA no Reishi and Empress Reishi, 1185 - November 8, 1243) was a chugu of Emperor Tsuchimikado during the Kamakura period.

Ojo (Princess) (王女) - Ojo is the title given to a daughter of a king or its equivalent monarch.

OK (御璽) - OK

Okinaga no Sukune no Miko (息長宿禰王) - Okinaga no sukune no miko (息長宿禰王; year of birth and death unknown; around the second century) was a member of the Imperial family.

Onie no Matsuri Festival (大嘗祭) - The Onie no matsuri Festival is the first Niiname-sai Festival (ceremonial offering by a emperor of newly-harvested rice to the deities) solemnized by an emperor after his or her Sokui no rei (ceremony of enthronement).

Order of the succession to the Imperial Throne (皇位継承順位) - The order of the succession to the Imperial Throne means the order in which the Imperial Throne is succeeded to from generation to generation.

Osakabe no Miko (Prince Osakabe) (忍壁皇子) - Prince Osakabe (year of birth unknown - June 2, 705) was a member of the Japanese Imperial Family from Asuka period.

Oshihime (押媛) - Oshihime was the Empress of Emperor Koan, one of the eight emperors who reigned during the Kesshi-Hachidai (Eight Undocumented Sovereigns).

Oshisaka no Hikohito no Oenomiko (押坂彦人大兄皇子) - Oshisaka no Hikohito no Oenomiko (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family in the Asuka period.

Oshisakano onakatsunohimeno Mikoto (忍坂大中姫) - Oshisakano onakatsunohimeno Mikoto was the Empress of the nineteenth Emperor Ingyo and the mother of the twenty-first Emperor Yuryaku.

Ota no himemiko (Imperial Princess Ota) (大田皇女) - The Imperial Princess Ota (year of birth unknown - c. March, 667) was one of the Imperial Family members during the Asuka period.

Otarashihime (小足媛) - Otarashihime (year of birth and death unknown) was a daughter of ABE no Uchimaro.

Oto Tachibana Hime (弟橘媛) - Oto Tachibana Hime was the wife of a mythical Japanese prince called Yamatotakeru.

Oyamamori no miko (大山守皇子) - Oyamamori no miko (earlier than 257 - March 31, 310) was the first prince of Emperor Ojin.

Ozaho no Okimi (袁邪本王) - Ozaho no okimi (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial family, who appears in the Japanese Myth.

P

Priest-Imperial Prince Kakusho (覚性入道親王) - Priest-Imperial Prince Kakusho (1129 - December 30, 1169) was a member of the Imperial Family, a monk and a poet during the late Heian period.

Prince (Crown Prince) Uji no Wakiiratsuko (菟道稚郎子) - Prince Uji no Wakiiratsuko [(菟道稚郎子) Uji no Wakiiratsuko; his date birth is unknown and his date of death was in '312.'] appeared in the Kiki ["Kojiki" (A Record of Ancient Matter) and the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan)] as an Imperial family (royal family) during the Kofun period (tumulus period) in Japan.

Prince Anahobe (Anahobe no Miko) (穴穂部皇子) - Prince Anahobe (year of birth unknown - July 19, 587) was one of the Imperial family members of the Asuka period.

Prince Asaka (安積親王) - Prince Asaka (728 - March 7, 744) was the second Prince of Emperor Shomu.

Prince Asukabe (安宿王) - The Prince Asukabe (year of birth and death unknown) was a bureaucrat who lived in the Nara period.

Prince Ekuri (殖栗皇子) - Prince Ekuri (578 - year of death unknown) was the fifth son of Emperor Yomei.

Prince Funado (Funado no Okimi) (道祖王) - Prince Funado (year of birth unknown - July 757) was a member of the Imperial family in the Nara period.

Prince Fune (船王) - The Prince Fune (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family during the Nara period.

Prince Fushiminomiya Haruhito (伏見宮治仁王) - Prince Fushiminomiya Haruhito (1370 - February 28, 1417) was a Japanese Imperial family member during the period of the Northern and Southern Court and the Muromachi period.

Prince Hachiko (蜂子皇子) - Prince Hachiko (562? - Nov 28, 641?) is the first prince of Emperor Sushun and the male cousin of Prince Shotoku.

Prince Hikoimasu (Hikoimasu no Miko) (彦坐王) - Prince Hikoimasu (Hikoimasu no Miko [彦坐王]; His date of birth and death are unknown.) first appeared in the "Record of Ancient Matters" and "Chronicles of Japan," as he was a member of an Imperial family (Royal family) during the Kofun period (tumulus period) in Japan.

Prince Honoo (火焔皇子) - Prince Honoo (Also pronounced Honoo oji, Honoo no miko [date of birth and death unknown]).

Prince Ichinobe no Oshiha (市辺押磐皇子) - Prince Ichinobe no Oshiha (Ichinobe no Oshiha no Miko; his birth date is unknown and his death date was in 456) appeared in the Kiki ("Kojiki" [A Record of Ancient Matte]) and "Nihonshoki" [Chronicles of Japan]) and Fudoki (description of regional climate, culture, etc.) as an Imperial family (royal family) in fifth century Japan.

Prince Ichishino (壱志濃王) - Prince Ichishino (733 - December 10, 805) was a member of the Imperial Family between the late Nara period and the early Heian period.

Prince Isonokami (石上皇子) - Prince Isonokami (Also pronounced Isonokami no oji, Isonokami no miko [date of birth and death unknown])

Prince Isonokamibe (石上部皇子) - Prince Isonokamibe (also pronounced Isonokamibe no oji, Isonokamibe no miko [date of birth and death unknown])

Prince Iwakuranomiya Tadanari (岩倉宮忠成王) - Prince Iwakuranomiya Tadanari (1221 - April 23, 1279) was a member of the Imperial Family in the Kamakura period.

Prince Kanimeikazuchi (Kanimeikazuchi no Miko) (迦邇米雷王) - Prince Kanimeikazuchi (Kanimeikazuchi no Miko; his date of birth and death are unknown) was a member of an Imperial family (royal family) during the Kofun period (tumulus period) appeared in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters).

Prince Kasuga (春日皇子) - Prince Kasuga (around 560 - 615) was the second son of Emperor Bidatsu and his wife, OMINAGO no Otoji.

Prince Kazuraki (葛城皇子) - Prince Kazuraki (also pronounced Kazuraki oji, Kazuraki no miko, Katsuragi oji, or Katsuragi no miko [date of birth and death unknown])

Prince Kibumi (黄文王) - The Prince Kibumi (year of birth unknown - July 28, 757) was a member of the Imperial Family who lived in the Nara period.

Prince Kusakabe (草壁皇子) - Prince Kusakabe (662-May 10, 689) was a son of Emperor Temmu and Princess Uno no Sarara (Empress Jito).

Prince Masami (正躬王) - Prince Masami (798 - May 863) (old calendar) was an Imperial Family member during the early Heian period.

Prince Masamichi (正道王) - Prince Masamichi (821 - July 7, 841) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early Heian period.

Prince Masamochi (雅望王) - Prince Masamochi (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early Heian period.

Prince Mayowa (眉輪王) - Prince Mayowa (Mayowa no Okimi; born in 450, and died in 456) appeared in Kiki, ("Kojiki" [A Record of Ancient Matter] and the "Nihonshoki" [Chronicles of Japan]) as an Imperial family (royal family) in fifth century in Japan.

Prince Mochihito (以仁王) - Prince Mochihito (1151 - June 20, 1180) was one of the Imperial family members during the end of the Heian period.

Prince Motoi (Motoi O) (基王) - Prince Motoi (November 20, 727 - October 24, 728) was the first Prince of Emperor Shomu.

Prince Nagaya (長屋王) - Prince Nagaya (684? - March 20, 729) was a member of the imperial family and Kugyo (high court noble).

Prince Naniwa (難波皇子) - Prince Naniwa (around 560 - 587) was the first son of Emperor Bidatsu and his wife, KASUGA no Ominago.

Prince Oha (大派皇子) - Prince Oha (about 560 - year of death unknown) was the third prince of Emperor Bidatsu.

Prince Ohodo (意富富杼王) - Prince Ohodo (Ohodo no Okimi; his date of birth and death were unknown) appeared in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the 'Joguki' (Record of the Crown Prince) as an Imperial family (royal family) during the Kofun period (tumulus period).

Prince Oi (乎非王) - Prince Oi (Oi no Kimi or Oi no Miko, his date of birth and death were unknown) first appeared in the Itsubun (unidentified or lost writings) written articles of the 'Joguki' (Record of the Crown Prince) being an Imperial family (Royal family) around the fifth century in Japan

Prince Okinaga no Mate (息長真手王) - Prince Okinaga no Mate (Okinaga no Mate no Okimi; his date of birth and death were unknown) was a Japanese Imperial family during the fifth to sixth century.

Prince Okiyo (興世王) - Prince Okiyo (? - 940) was a member of the Imperial Family in the mid-Heian period.

Prince Oousu (大碓皇子) - Prince Oousu (Oousu no Mikoto) appeared in the Kiki ("Kojiki" [A Record of Ancient Matter] and the "Nihonshoki" [Chronicles of Japan]) as an Imperial family (royal family) during the Kofun (tumulus period) period in Japan.

Prince Sakurai (桜井皇子) - Prince Sakurai (around 560 - 587) was the sixth son of Emperor Bidatsu and his wife, SOGA no Kitashihime.

Prince Shioyaki (Shioyaki no Okimi) (塩焼王) - Prince Shioyaki (Year of birth unknown - October 21, 764) was a grandchild of Emperor Tenmu and a child of Imperial Prince Niitabe.

Prince Songa (尊雅王) - Prince Songa (date of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family during the late Kamakura period.

Prince Takami (高見王) - Prince Takami (year of his birth and death is unclear) was either a member of the Imperial Family or a member of the Imperial Family conferred a family name during the middle of Heian period.

Prince Takechi (Takechi no Miko) (高市皇子) - Prince Takechi (Takechi no Miko or Takechi no Oji) (c.654 - August 13, 696) lived during the Asuka period of Japan and a son (the oldest son) of Emperor Tenmu.

Prince Tame (田目皇子) - Prince Tame (Tame no miko, 572 - year of death unknown) was the first son of Emperor Yomei.

Prince Tokiwainomiya Naohito (常盤井宮直明王) - Prince Tokiwainomiya Naohito (date of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial family during the Muromachi period, and was the 4th head of the Tokiwainomiya family.

Prince Toma (当麻皇子) - The Prince Toma (year of birth and death unknown) was in the Imperial Family between the late sixth century and the early seventh century.

Prince Yakabe (宅部皇子) - Prince Yakabe (March 27, 539 - July 20, 587) was the Imperial prince of Emperor Senka.

Prince Yamamura (Yamamura-O) (山村王) - Prince Yamamura (722 - December 16, 767) was a Kugyo (a high court noble) of the Nara period.

Prince Yamashiro no oe (山背大兄王) - Prince Yamashiro no oe (year of birth unknown - December 30, 643) was a member of the Imperial family in the early seventh century according to "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Prince Yamashiro no Otsutsukimawaka (Yamashiro no Otsutsukimawaka no Miko) (山代之大筒木真若王) - Prince Yamashiro no Otsutsukimawaka (Yamashiro no Otsutsukimawaka no Miko; his date of birth and death are unknown) first appeared in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) as an Imperial family (royal family) during the Kofun period (tumulus period) in Japan.

Prince Yatsurishirohiko (八釣白彦皇子) - Prince Yatsurishirohiko (after 401 - 456) was the fourth prince of Emperor Ingyo.

Princess Akiko (明子女王) - Princess Akiko (1638 - August 2, 1680) was a member of the Japanese Imperial Family.

Princess Akiko (Akiko Joo) (顕子女王) - The Princess Akiko (April 4, 1640 - September 12, 1676) was Midaidokoro (the legal wife) of Ietsuna TOKUGAWA, the fourth Shogun of the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).

Princess Atsuko (淳子女王) - Princess Atsuko (also known as Junshi) (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family during the latter half of the Heian period.

Princess Chichihaya Hime (千千速比売命) - Princess Chichihaya Hime (Chichihaya Hime no Mikoto; the date of birth and death unknown) was a princess of the Emperor Korei.

Princess Chichitsuku Yamatohime (千千衝倭姫命) - Princess Chichitsuku Yamatohime (Chichitsuku Ymatohime no Mikoto; the dates of her birth and death are unknown) was a princess of the Emperor Suinin.

Princess Genshi (元子女王) - Princess Genshi (also known a Motoko) (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family during the first half of the Heian period.

Princess Ishi (怡子女王) - Princess Ishi (怡子女王) (also known as Yoshiko, years of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family in the end of the Heian period.

Princess Kasuga no Oiratsume (春日大娘皇女) - Princess Kasuga no Oiratsume (Kasuga no Oiratsume no Himemiko) appeared in the Kiki ("Kojiki" [A Record of Ancient Matter] and the "Nihonshoki" [Chronicles of Japan]) as a member of the Imperial family (royal family) in Japan.

Princess Kishi (煕子女王) - Princess Kishi (her given name can also be pronounced "Hiroko") (date of birth unknown - May 24, 950) was a royal princess of Imperial Prince Yasuakira (Emperor Daigo's son).

Princess Kunikatahime (国方姫命) - Princess Kunikatahime (Kunikatahime no Mikoto; the dates of her birth and death are unknown) was a princess of the Emperor Sujin.

Princess Masako (理子女王) - The Princess Masako (September 10, 1691 - June 30, 1710) was the lawful wife of Yoshimune TOKUGAWA, the fifth lord of the Kishu Domain (later the eighth seii taishogun [literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians"]).

Princess Masuko (増子女王) - The Pricess Masuko (November 28, 1711- November 9,1733) was the legal wife of Ieshige TOKUGAWA, the ninth Shogun of the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).

Princess Mimatsuhime (御真津比売命) - Princess Mimatsuhime (Mimatsuhime no Mikoto; the dates of her birth and death are unknown) was a princess of the Emperor Kaika.

Princess Numaki iribime (渟名城入媛命) - Princess Numaki iribime (Nunaki iribime no Mikoto; the dates of her birth and death are unknown) was a princess of the Emperor Suinin.

Princess Renshi (廉子女王) - Princess Renshi (Yasuko), the date of birth unknown - March 935, was a member of the Imperial family during the Heian period.

Princess Seishi (済子女王) - Princess Seishi (also known as Nariko) (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family during the middle of the Heian period.

Princess Takahime (隆姫女王) - Princess Takahime (隆姫女王) (995 - December 25, 1087) was the eldest daughter of Imperial Prince Tomohira, the seventh prince of Emperor Murakami.

Princess Takako (喬子女王) - The Princess Takako (July 29, 1795 - February 18, 1840) was the legal wife (Midaidokoro) of Ieyoshi TOKUGAWA, the 12th seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") of the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).

Princess Tochini iribime (十市瓊入媛命) - Princess Tochini iribime (Tochini iribime no Mikoto; the dates of her birth and death are unknown) was a princess of the Emperor Suinin.

Princess Tomoko (倫子女王) - Princess Tomoko (March 10, 1738-September 28, 1771) was a member of the Imperial family in the late Edo period, and the lawful wife of Ieharu TOKUGAWA, the tenth Shogun.

Princess Yamanobeno Himemiko (山辺皇女) - Princess Yamanobeno Himemiko (663 - October 25, 686) was an imperial princess of Emperor Tenchi.

Princess Yamatototo Hime (倭迹迹姫命) - Princess Yamatototo Hime (Yamatototo Hime no Mikoto; the dates of her birth and death unknown) was the first princess of the Emperor Kogen.

Princess Yamatototo Wakaya Hime (倭迹迹稚屋姫命) - Princess Yamatototo Wakaya Hime (Yamatototo Wakaya Hime no Mikoto; her date of birth and death are unknown) was a princess of the Emperor Korei.

Princess Yoshiko (宣子女王) - Princess Yoshiko (years of birth and death unknown), was a member of the Imperial Family who lived in the early Heian period.

Princess Yoshiko (吉子女王) - Princess Yoshiko (October 28, 1804 - January 27, 1893), who was from the Imperial family, lived from the end of the Edo period to the Meiji period.

Princess Yukiko (幸子女王) - Princess Yukiko (November 14, 1680-March 18, 1720) was a member of the Japanese Imperial family in the Edo period.

Q

Queen (of imperial family) (女王 (皇族)) - A queen (of imperial family) is a female who is in the direct line and in the third or more degree of kinship from the emperor (not in a collateral line, and counted from the emperor who was a direct ancestor) according to the Imperial House Law.

R

Reizeiin (冷泉院) - Reizeiin was an Imperial Palace for the emperor who abdicated the throne during the Heian period.

Renso no Gi (斂葬の儀) - Renso no gi is a funeral of an imperial member.

Rikyu (an Imperial villa) (離宮) - Rikyu is an Imperial villa which is separate from the Imperial Palace or Palace.

Rinji (the Emperor's command) (綸旨) - Rinji meant a document of decree issued by Kurodo (Chamberlain) in response to the Emperor's intention.

Rittaishi (Investiture of Crown Prince) (立太子) - Rittaishi (the investiture of Crown Prince) is a ceremony prevailed in East Asia to officially designate an heir of Chinese or Japanese Emperor as Crown Prince for prospective enthronement.

Ritual Day (祭日) - A ritual day is a day on which an important religious rite is performed.

Rokujo no Miya (六条宮) - Rokujo no Miya is Miyake (house of an imperial prince) thought to have existed in the Kamakura Period.

Ryoan (諒闇) (諒闇) - Ryoan is a period when the Emperor is in mourning for his father and mother.

S

Sahohiko no miko (狭穂彦王) - Sahohiko no miko (year of birth unknown - November, 25 B.C.) was a member of the Imperial family (Royal family), who appears in the Kojiki (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan).

Sahohime no mikoto (狭穂姫命) - Empress Sahohime no mikoto (year of birth unknown - November, 25 B.C.) was the first wife of Emperor Suinin (she became Empress on March 29, 28 B.C.), and she is mentioned in the Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters) and the Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan).

SAIONJI Kishi (西園寺禧子) - Kishi SAIONJI (1303 - November 19, 1333) was a Japanese Imperial family member during the late Kamakura period.

SAIONJI Kishi (西園寺嬉子) - Kishi SAIONJI (also known as FUJIWARA no Kishi and Empress Kishi, 1252 - June 3, 1318) was a chugu (the second consort of an emperor) of Emperor Kameyama during the Kamakura period.

SAIONJI Kitsushi (西園寺きつ子) - Kitsushi SAIONJI (1225 - October 20, 1292) was the Chugu (Empress) to Emperor Gosaga, and later became Empress Dowager.

SAIONJI Koshi (西園寺公子) - Koshi SAIONJI (1232 - March 6, 1304) was a women who lived during the Kamakura period.

SAIONJI Neishi (西園寺寧子) - Neishi SAIONJI (her name can also be pronounced "Yasuko") (1292 - September 6, 1357) was nyogo (a high-ranking lady in the court; a consort of the emperor) of Emperor Gofushimi; she was the mother of Emperor Kogon and Emperor Komyo.

Saitansai (歳旦祭) - Saitansai (a Shinto ritual to mark the beginning of New Year followed by a special sharing of sake (rice wine) in the barrel and a mochi (rice cake) pounding ceremony) is one of the holidays designated by the Koshitsu Saishi Rei (Imperial household religious rites ordinance) as a festal day, which were celebrated before World War II.

Sakai no kurohiko no miko (境黒彦皇子) - Sakai no kurohiko no miko (earlier than 401 - 456) was the second prince of Emperor Ingyo.

Saku-no-miya (作宮) - Saku-no-miya (August 12, 1689 - June 7, 1692) was a member of the Imperial family who lived in the middle of the Edo period.

Satodairi (temporary imperial palace) (里内裏) - Satodairi means residences of the Emperor (imperial palaces) except for the dairi (the Emperor's residential compound) in Heian-kyu palace, used after the Heian period.

Seiwa-Genji (Minamoto clan) (清和源氏) - Seiwa-Genji was a shisei kozoku (member of the Imperial Family conferred a family name) whose ancestor was the prince of the fifty-sixth Emperor, Seiwa.

Senyomonin (宣陽門院) - Senyomonin (November 20, 1181 - July 22, 1252) was nyoin (a close female relative of the Emperor or a woman of comparable standing) of the Imperial Family, who lived toward the end of the Heian period.

Setto (a sword given by the emperor in the symbol of his trust to the appointment of someone to a mission) (節刀) - Setto (or Sechito) refers to the sword which was granted by the Emperor to Shogun who was going to the front or Japanese mission to Tang Dynasty China as the sign of commission in ancient times of Japan (from the Nara period to the Heian period).

Shichidengosha (palace buildings for empresses) (七殿五舎) - Shichidengosha refers to the palace buildings located behind Shishinden (The Throne Hall) and Jijuden (literally, hall of benevolence and longevity) in the dairi (inner palace grounds) of the Heian Palace, which were mainly used as the residence of the empresses of the emperors.

Shigaraki no miya (紫香楽宮) - Shigaraki no miya is the detached palace in Koga gun (county side), Omi Province (present-day Shigaraki-cho, Koga City, Shiga Prefecture) that was operated by Emperor Shomu during the Nara period.

Shihohai (四方拝) - Shihohai is the name of ceremony held at Imperial Palace in the beginning of the year.

Shiki no miko (Prince Shiki [磯城]) (磯城皇子) - Shiki no miko (around the latter half of the seventh century) was a member of the Imperial Family who lived in the Asuka period.

Shini (身位) - Shini means a social status and a position.

Shinkan (宸翰) - Shinkan is a document handwritten by the emperor.

Shinkoku (divine land) (神国) - Shinkoku (Shinshu) means 'country of God'

Shinno (Imperial Prince) (親王) - Shinno is the title given to the male members in an Imperial family in East Asia, or is somebody who owns the title.

Shinnohi (Imperial princess by marriage) (親王妃) - Shinnohi or Miko-no-mime (imperial princess by marriage) is the title given to a wife of a Shinno (imperial prince) or refers to a person holding such a title.

Shinseki Koka (demotion from nobility to subject) (臣籍降下) - Shinseki koka is when a member of the Imperial Family leaves their position and becomes a common subject giving up their nobility status, after given a new surname.

SHIRAKAWA Emperor (白河天皇) - Personal information of Emperor SHIRAKAWA

Shishinden Hall (Hall for state ceremonies) (紫宸殿) - The Shishinden Hall was a main hall where ceremonies like the Emperor's genpuku (attaining manhood), investiture of the Crown Prince, and Sechi-e (seasonal court banquets) were held, in the Imperial Palace which was the Emperor's private place.

Shosei (称制) - Shosei means new emperor (mainly Crown Prince or Empress) starts to rule the government without having an enthronement ceremony after the former emperor died.

Shoten-shoku (Ceremonial staff) (掌典職) - The Shoten-shoku is a section in charge of Court rituals of the Japanese Imperial Household.

Shugakuin Imperial Villa (修学院離宮) - Shugakuin Imperial Villa is a detached Palace within the Imperial Household Agency's jurisdiction, and it is located at the foot of Mt. Hiei in Sakyo Ward, Kyoto City.

Shunka-mon gate (春華門) - Shunka-mon gate is one of the outside gates in the Imperial Palace.

Soga no ishikawa no sukune (蘇我石川宿禰) - Soga no ishikawa no sukune, was a Japanese mythological figure, also called Soga no ishikawa, and he was said to be the ancestor of the Soga clan

Sojifujitsu (奏事不実) - Sojifujitsu is to make a false statement to the Emperor or to make a false charge.

Sokui (Enthronement) (即位) - The enthronement means an ascension to the throne, succeeding a monarch (emperor or king) who passed away or abdicated the throne.

Sokui no rei (ceremony of the enthronement) (即位の礼) - Sokui no rei is a ceremony that notifies publicly that the Emperor succeeded the Imperial Throne after the accession.

Sonkan (尊観) - Sonkan (1349 - November 19, 1400) was a priest of the Ji sect during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan).

SONO Kuniko (園国子) - Kuniko SONO (1624 - August 3, 1677) was a member of the Imperial Family during the early part of the Edo period.

SONO Mitsuko (園光子) - Mitsuiko SONO (1602 - March 6, 1656) was one of the consorts of the Emperor Gomizunoo.

Sonshuo (尊秀王) - Jitenno (1440 - December 18, 1457) was the last leader of the Gonancho (the Second Southern Court) who attempted to rebuild the Southern Court (Japan).

Sotoorihime (衣通姫) - Sotoorihime (or Sotooshihime) is a woman described as exquisitely beautiful in the Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters) and the Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan).

Succession to the Imperial Throne (皇位継承) - Succession to the Imperial Throne generally means to pass the Imperial Throne (the position of the Emperor) to the Crown Prince or the successor of the Imperial Throne.

Suminoenaka no oji (住吉仲皇子) - Suminoenaka no oji (c. 336 - 399) was a member of the Imperial family who lived during the Kofun period (tumulus period).

Suzakuin (朱雀院) - Suzakuin is:

Suzuka no Okimi (鈴鹿王) - Suzuka no Okimi (year of birth unknown - October 17, 745) was an Imperial Family member during the Nara period.

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TACHIBANA no Iratsume (橘娘) - TACHIBANA no Iratsume (year of birth unknown - March 26, 681) was a daughter of ABE no Kurahashimaro.

TACHIBANA no Kachiko (橘嘉智子) - TACHIBANA no Kachiko (786 - June 17, 850) was the Empress of the fifty-second Emperor Saga.

TACHIBANA no Moroe (橘諸兄) - TACHIBANA no Moroe (684 – February 3, 757) was a politician in the Nara period, originated in the Imperial family.

TACHIBANA no Ooiratsume (橘大郎女) - TACHIBANA no Ooiratsume (year of birth and death unknown) was a wife of the Prince Shotoku.

Tagishimimi no mikoto (手研耳命) - Tagishimimi no mikoto (year of birth unknown - 585 B.C.), was a member of the Imperial family, who lived during the Kofun period (tumulus period).

Taijoko (retired emperor) (太上皇) - The Taijoko is the honorary title given to a retired emperor or empress in his or her life.

Taiko-Tenno (大行天皇) - Taiko-Tenno is an appellation of emperor, which is applied during a period from the demise of the Emperor to the grant of Tsuigo (posthumous title).

TAIRA no Shigeko (平滋子) - TAIRA no Shigeko (1142 - August 14, 1176) was Emperor Goshirakawa's Empress after the Emperor succeeded to the throne.

TAIRA no Suenaga (平季長) - TAIRA no Suenaga (date of birth unknown - to August 23, 897) was a nobleman in the early Heian period.

TAIRA no Takamochi (平高望) - TAIRA no Takamochi (Prince Takamochi) (October 21, 839 - June 28, 911) was the Seishi Imperial family (Imperial family given surname by the Emperor) during the Middle Heian Period.

TAIRA no Takamune (平高棟) - TAIRA no Takamune, or Prince Takamune, (804 - June 24, 867) was a shisei kozoku (member of the Imperial Family conferred with a family name) of the early Heian period who was given the surname TAIRA.

TAIRA no Tokuko/Tokushi/Noriko (平徳子) - TAIRA no Tokuko/Tokushi/Noriko (1155 - January 25, 1214) was the Chugu (the second consort of an emperor) of Emperor Takakura and Nyoin (the respective title given to emperor's mother or Sanko or Princesses by the Imperial Palace) during the late Heian period.

Taiso (大葬) - Taiso means imperial funeral of an emperor, empress, grand empress dowager, empress dowager and empress consort.

Taiso no rei (大喪の礼) - Taiso no rei means an Emperor's funeral which is conducted as an Imperial ceremony under the law of the Imperial House Act, Clause 25.

Takamatsunomiya Imperial Prince Yoshihito (高松宮好仁親王) - Takamatsunomiya Imperial Prince Yoshihito (April 29, 1603 - July 14, 1638) was a member of Japanese Imperial Family who lived in the early Edo period.

Takamikura (高御座) - Takamikura is the special Imperial throne which designates the official place where the Emperor sits.

Takasaka no Okimi (高坂王) - Takasaka no Okimi (year of birth unknown - June 6, 683) lived in the Asuka period in Japan.

Takata no himemiko (Imperial Princess Takata) (田形皇女) - The Imperial Princess Takata (674 - April 22, 728) was a princess of the Emperor Tenmu.

TAKATSUKASA Fusako (鷹司房子) - Fusako TAKATSUKASA (October 12, 1653 - May 19, 1712) was a member of the Japanese Imperial Family.

TAKATSUKASA Masahiro (鷹司政煕) - Masahiro TAKATSUKASA (May 14, 1761 - March 29, 1841) was a member of court nobles during the mid Edo period.

TAKATSUKASA Tsunako (鷹司繋子) - Tsunako TAKATSUKASA (March 17, 1798 - May 14, 1823), later Zokogo (a title of empress given after her death) Tsunako, was the nyogo (a court title of the Emperor's consort) of the Emperor Ninko during the late Edo period.

TAKATSUKASA Yasuko (鷹司祺子) - Yasuko TAKATSUKASA (March 19, 1811 - November 20, 1847), later the Empress Dowager Yasuko, was the nyogo (a court title of the emperor's consort) of the Emperor Ninko during the late Edo period.

Takeda no miko (the Imperial Prince Takeda) (竹田皇子) - Takeda no miko (date of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family in the Asuka period.

Takedanomiya (竹田宮) - Takedanomiya is a Miyake (family allowed to have the status of Imperial family) created by Takedanomiya Prince Tsunehisa, who was a prince of Imperial Prince Kitashirakawanomiya Yoshihisa, in the late Meiji period.

Takefurukuma no mikoto (武振熊命) - Takefurukuma no mikoto (武振熊命) was a figure in the Kofun period (tumulus period), whose name was also written as 建振熊命(Takefurukuma no mikoto) and who was also called Naniwanekotakefurukuma (難波根子建振熊).

Takeie no Okimi (武家王) - Takeie no Okimi (year of birth and death unknown) was a person from the Asuka period, Japan.

Takeru no miko (建皇子) - Takeru no miko (651 - 658) was a member of the Imperial Family in the Asuka period.

TAKEUCHI no Sukune (武内宿禰) - TAKEUCHI no Sukune (his name can also be pronounced TAKENOUCHI no -, TAKESHIUCHI no -, 84? - April 367? (old lunar calendar)) was a legendary person recorded in the "Kojiki" (Records of Ancient Matters) and the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan), who is said to have served as the Munemachi no Kimi or Oomi (Grand Minister) and advised the government during the early Yamato Dynasty (a period covering the reigns of Emperor Keiko, Emperor Seimu, Emperor Chuai, Emperor Ojin, and Emperor Nintoku).

Taki no himemiko (Princess Taki) (託基皇女) - Taki no himemiko (before 686? - March 1, 751) was a member of the imperial Family who lived from the Asuka peirod to the Nara period.

Tanbanomichinoushi no mikoto (丹波道主王) - Tanbanomichinoushi no mikoto (丹波道主王:year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial family (Royal family), who appears in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Tashiraka no Himemiko (手白香皇女) - Tashiraka no Himemiko was a member of the Imperial family who lived during the Kofun period (tumulus period), and was the empress of Emperor Keitai.

Teiki (records of Emperor's family tree) (帝紀) - Teiki (records of Emperor's family tree)

Tennosei (Emperor System) in Japan (天皇制) - The Tennosei (Imperial Family system) is a state system with the emperor acting as the monarch or titular head.

Toba Rikyu (Toba Imperial villa) (鳥羽離宮) - Toba Rikyu was used as a villa by generations of "Daijo-Tenno" (retired emperors) from the 12th to around the 14th century.

Tochi no Himemiko (also pronounced Toichi no Himemiko) (十市皇女) - Tochi no Himemiko (653 [Some say 648] - May 3, 678) was the first Princess of Emperor Tenmu (Mother was Nukata no Okimi) and the lawful wife of Prince Otomo (Otomo no Oji) (Emperor Kobun).

TOIN Kitsushi (洞院佶子) - Kitsushi TOIN (FUJIWARA no Kitsushi) (Empress Kitsushi) (1245 - September 9, 1272) was an empress of Emperor Kameyama during the Kamakura period, and she was the birth mother of Emperor Gouda.

Toki no fuda (a board for time) (時の簡) - The Toki no fuda was a board that was placed in a small garden in the Seiryoden (literally "Limpid Cool Hall") to show time.

TOKUGAWA Masako (Kazuko) (徳川和子) - Masako TOKUGAWA (November 23, 1607 - August 2, 1678) was the 5th daughter of Hidetada TOKUGAWA and Emperor Gomizunoo's Chugu (second consort of an Emperor).

Tomokuyu or Yunomura (湯沐邑) - Tomokuyu or Yunomura was a territory which was given to a part of the Imperial Family in the ancient China and Japan from the Asuka period to the Heian period.

Toyosukiiribime no mikoto (豊鍬入姫命) - Toyosukiiribime no mikoto (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial family, who is said to have lived in the Kofun period (tumulus period) according to "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Tsubokiri no Mitsurugi (the sword Tsubokiri) (壺切御剣) - Tsubokiri no Mitsurugi is hoken (treasured sword) which has been handed down to the successive Crown Princes in Japan.

Tsuburameo (円目王) - Tsuburameo was a member of the Imperial family who lived during the Kofun period (tumulus period).

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Ujinokaitako no himemiko (Princes Ujinokaitako) (菟道貝蛸皇女) - Ujinokaitako no himemiko

Umaya no himemiko (馬屋古女王) - Umaya no himemiko (date of birth and death unknown) was the eighth child (fourth princess) between Prince Shotoku and Kashiwadenominoiratsume.

Usurpation of the imperial throne (皇位簒奪) - The usurpation of the imperial throne is either when those who do not have direct blood relationship or have remote blood relationship seize the Emperor's position or when this is expressed in a critical manner.

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Wakamiya (若宮) - Wakamiya

Wakasa no Okimi (稚狭王) - Wakasa no Okimi (year of birth unknown - September 678) was a person who lived during the Asuka period.

Wakatakehiko no mikoto (稚武彦命) - Wakatakehiko no mikoto or Wakahikotakekibitsuhiko no mikoto was a member of the Imperial family who lived during the Kofun period (tumulus period).

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Yagi's Double Year Theory (八木倍年説) - Yagi's Double Year Theory is a theory that Soji YAGI insists the existence of mythological Emperors.

Yamabe no Okimi (山部王) - Yamabe no Okimi (year of birth unknown - c. July 31, 672) was a person lived in the Asuka period.

Yamato hiko no Mikoto (倭彦命) - Yamato hiko no Mikoto (year of birth unknown - October 30, 2 B.C.?) was a member of the Imperial family transmitted by "Kojiki" (Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Yamatohime no Mikoto (倭姫命) - Yamatohime no Mikoto is a character in Japanese Mythology.

Yamatohime no Okimi (倭姫王) - Yamatohime no Okimi (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the imperial family who lived in the Asuka period.

Yamatototohimomosohime no mikoto (倭迹迹日百襲媛命) - Yamatototohimomosohime no mikoto (date of birth and death unknown) was the Imperial princess of Emperor Korei.

YANAGIHARA Naruko (柳原愛子) - Ms. Naruko YANAGIHARA (June 26, 1859, to October 16, 1943) was a Naishi no suke (a court lady of the first rank) to the Emperor Meiji.

Yanushioshiotakeogokoro no Mikoto (屋主忍男武雄心命) - Yanushioshiotakeogokoro no mikoto (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of Japanese Imperial family, who lived in the period around the third to fourth century.

Yoru-no-otodo (Emperor's bedroom) (夜御殿) - Yoru-no-otodo is the bed room for the emperor in Seiryoden.

YOSHIMINE no Nagamatsu (良岑良松) - YOSHIMINE no Nagamatsu (813 - December 30, 879) was a government official who lived during the Heian period.

Yosotarashihime (世襲足媛) - Yosotarashihime was the Empress of Emperor Kosho, one of the eight emperors who reigned during the Kesshi-Hachidai (Eight Undocumented Sovereigns).

Yotsutsujinomiya family (四辻宮) - The Yotsutsujinomiya family is one of the houses of Imperial princes that existed during the Kamakura Period.

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